A major difference? Fields of study and male—female pay differences in federal employment From The American Review of Public Administration Why do men still earn more than equally experienced and educated women in the federal service? This article examines how male–female differences in work experience and education affect pay disparities among college graduates in the federal [...]... Read more »
Lewis, G., & Seong Soo Oh, . (2008) A Major Difference?: Fields of Study and Male--Female Pay Differences in Federal Employment. The American Review of Public Administration, 39(2), 107-124. DOI: 10.1177/0275074008317158
What happens if you tell a golfer not to over-shoot a putt? Does it make them more likely to overshoot (an ironic effect, like the way suppressing thoughts of white bears actually leads to bear-based thoughts) or does it provoke over-compensation - putts that are particularly short? The same question could be asked for similar situations in other sports and also for movement instructions in the psychology lab.
Past research has produced mixed results - sometimes ironic effects are observed, ot........ Read more »
Russell, C., & Grealy, M. (2010) Avoidant instructions induce ironic and overcompensatory movement errors differently between and within individuals. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 63(9), 1671-1682. DOI: 10.1080/17470210903572022
Three papers today which look into the role of history in determining patterns of diversity, at the species and genetic level. I don’t have much time today, so descriptions will have to be quick and dirty for now. In Molecular Ecology, Hoban et al. used microsatellites to genotype 29 populations of Juglans cinerea from throughout [...]... Read more »
HOBAN, S., BORKOWSKI, D., BROSI, S., McCLEARY, T., THOMPSON, L., McLACHLAN, J., PEREIRA, M., SCHLARBAUM, S., & ROMERO-SEVERSON, J. (2010) Range-wide distribution of genetic diversity in the North American tree Juglans cinerea: a product of range shifts, not ecological marginality or recent population decline. Molecular Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2010.04834.x
Reitalu, T., Johansson, L., Sykes, M., Hall, K., & Prentice, H. (2010) History matters: village distances, grazing and grassland species diversity. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01875.x
González-Varo, J., Albaladejo, R., Aparicio, A., & Arroyo, J. (2010) Linking genetic diversity, mating patterns and progeny performance in fragmented populations of a Mediterranean shrub. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2010.01879.x
In the opinion of this Editor, it seems that the smoking bans in force in various nations upon the globe, as well as anti-smoking lobbyists, are a modern occurance which have only popped up in the last few decades as research began to show the harmful effects of smoking, namely lung cancer.It was a suprise therefore to discover that there has been a long history of smoking bans, and anti-smoking sentiment. This article will attempt to explore some of the history of the smoking ban and anti-smoki........ Read more »
Cutler A. (2007) The Ashtray of History. Atlantic Monthly, 299(1), 37. info:/
Street, A. (2004) Ask your doctor: the construction of smoking in advertising posters produced in 1946 and 2004. Nursing Inquiry, 11(4), 226-237. DOI: 10.1111/j.1440-1800.2004.00235.x
Host genomics is not the main decision-making factor for bacteria immigrating into human body, but it is an important factor. Two papers recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences help to understand why you are chosen and how the choosers make their decisions. ... Read more »
Ben-Jacob E, & Schultz D. (2010) Bacteria determine fate by playing dice with controlled odds. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(30), 13197-8. PMID: 20660309
Andrew K. Benson,, Scott A. Kelly,, Ryan Legge,, Fangrui Ma,, Soo Jen Low,, Jaehyoung Kim,, Min Zhang,, Phaik Lyn Oh,, Derrick Nehrenberg,, Kunjie Hu,.... (2010) Individuality in gut microbiota composition is a complex polygenic trait shaped by multiple environmental and host genetic factors . PNAS. info:/
Just a quick post here. A colleague just sent me a link to her fascinating new paper in PLoS One: PLoS ONE: Automatic Figure Ranking and User Interfacing for Intelligent Figure Search
In this paper Hong Yu from the University of Wisconsin in Milwaukee describes a system for better automated characterization of figures from scientific papers. The system is available through their webserver "Ask Hermes".
If you want to learn more about the system I suggest you read the paper. &n........ Read more »
Yu, H., Liu, F., & Ramesh, B. (2010) Automatic Figure Ranking and User Interfacing for Intelligent Figure Search. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012983
Researchers may have solved the mystery behind a disease that leaves Hawaiin sea turtles with hideous tumors – and the tracks lead back to land, and to an amino acid called arginine.
The Green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) is an endangered species found around the world, mostly in tropical seas. Off Hawaii, populations have been […] Read More »... Read more »
Van Houtan, K., Hargrove, S., & Balazs, G. (2010) Land Use, Macroalgae, and a Tumor-Forming Disease in Marine Turtles. PLoS ONE, 5(9). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012900
Researchers have found nitric oxide activity concomitant with acute sleep deprivation. It will be interesting to see if this physiological phenomenon is associated with sleep-deprivation cognitive lapses as well. ... Read more »
Kalinchuk AV, McCarley RW, Porkka-Heiskanen T, & Basheer R. (2010) Sleep deprivation triggers inducible nitric oxide-dependent nitric oxide production in wake-active Basal forebrain neurons. The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience, 30(40), 13254-64. PMID: 20926651
In 40 years, there will be about 3 billion additional people living on the Earth (~9.5 billion total) compared with today. With all of these new folks, it’s easy to think about the added demands of energy, food, and water required to sustain their lifestyles. And in terms of climate warming, it’s hard to escape [...]... Read more »
O'Neill, B., Dalton, M., Fuchs, R., Jiang, L., Pachauri, S., & Zigova, K. (2010) Global demographic trends and future carbon emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 107(41), 17521-17526. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1004581107
by Colby Vorland in Biofortified
From Nutritional Blogma Nutrient-based claims on food labels are shown in some research to promote calorie underestimation. This is often called the health halo effect; certain buzz words associated with what people consider healthy cause them to overgeneralize other attributes of a food, downplay the number of calories, and not pay as much attention to the nutrition facts panel. A couple recent studies by Schuldt and Schwarz (1) show this happens with the Continue reading...... Read more »
Schuldt, Jonathon P., & Schwarz, Norbert. (2010) The “organic” path to obesity? Organic claims inﬂuence calorie judgments and exercise recommendations. Judgment and Decision Making, 5(3), 144-150. info:/
Let me introduce you to Mr Smart and Heroman. Mr Smart is really, really clever. So clever that he knows everything - like what's inside a closed box. Heroman is not so smart, but he does have a special power. Heroman has x-ray vision, so that he can see into the closed box.
Here's a picture of Mr Smart. He looks a bit like a lot of Professors I know.
Both Mr Smart and Heroman had a key role to play in a recent study by Jonathan Lane, of the University of Michigan, and colleagues, into how ch........ Read more »
Lane JD, Wellman HM, & Evans EM. (2010) Children's understanding of ordinary and extraordinary minds. Child development, 81(5), 1475-89. PMID: 20840235
Boukany, P., Hemminger, O., Wang, S., & Lee, L. (2010). Molecular Imaging of Slip in Entangled DNA Solution Physical Review Letters, 105 (2) DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.027802 About the paper Prof. Shiqing Wang (王十庆) have long been interested in observing the event … Continue reading →... Read more »
Boukany, P., Hemminger, O., Wang, S., & Lee, L. (2010) Molecular Imaging of Slip in Entangled DNA Solution. Physical Review Letters, 105(2). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.027802
More holiday reading to ponder… One of the fascinating developments in psychology over the past 50 years is the ongoing study into what constitutes psychological health. It’s been known by many names – ego-resilience, executive control and self-regulation – but the work on these areas hasn’t been pulled together into a coherent whole until recently. … Read more... Read more »
Kashdan, T., & Rottenberg, J. (2010) Psychological flexibility as a fundamental aspect of health. Clinical Psychology Review, 30(7), 865-878. DOI: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.03.001
This is a summary/review of an article I thought had particularly compelling evidence for why understanding sequential images is a learned trait. Highlights are all mine...Narratives of urban Japanese children (manga) were compared to those of village Egyptian children. The argument was made that development differs based on graphically “rich” versus graphically “poor” environments. Egyptian ... Read more »
Wilson, Brent, & Wilson, Marjorie. (1987) Pictorial Composition and Narrative Structure: Themes and the Creation of Meaning in the Drawings of Egyptian and Japanese Children. Visual Arts Research, 13(2). info:/
When most people think of an animal threatened by global warming, images of a polar bear drowning because of lost ice habitat come to mind. Few know that climate change can also threaten animals used to living in environments much warmer than the Arctic. Even when you’re used to heat, too much heat can be a [...]... Read more »
Hanson, J., Wibbels, T., & Martin, R. (1998) Predicted female bias in sex ratios of hatchling loggerhead sea turtles from a Florida nesting beach. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 76(10), 1850-1861. DOI: 10.1139/cjz-76-10-1850
James, M., Andrea Ottensmeyer, C., & Myers, R. (2005) Identification of high-use habitat and threats to leatherback sea turtles in northern waters: new directions for conservation. Ecology Letters, 8(2), 195-201. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00710.x
Lewison, R., Freeman, S., & Crowder, L. (2004) Quantifying the effects of fisheries on threatened species: the impact of pelagic longlines on loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles. Ecology Letters, 7(3), 221-231. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2004.00573.x
Standora, E., & Spotila, J. (1985) Temperature Dependent Sex Determination in Sea Turtles. Copeia, 1985(3), 711. DOI: 10.2307/1444765
Ever been asked--if you had to choose, would you rather be deaf or blind? Its a futile hypothetical dilemma (as if the choice is ever available to anyone to make) that was probably first posed by some perpetually dramatic and irrevocably bored teenager OR--could it be--by a neuroscientist!
Perhaps we cherry pick vision and hearing for our speculative crises because they are particularly important to us and essential to achieve something our species is known for: high level mobility and naviga........ Read more »
Lomber SG, Meredith MA, & Kral A. (2010) Cross-modal plasticity in specific auditory cortices underlies visual compensations in the deaf. Nature neuroscience. PMID: 20935644
Poulos AM, Ponnusamy R, Dong HW, & Fanselow MS. (2010) Compensation in the neural circuitry of fear conditioning awakens learning circuits in the bed nuclei of the stria terminalis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(33), 14881-6. PMID: 20679237
There is very limited research to guideline clinicians, patients and their family members in choosing the best treatments for anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. So when a well-designed and informative study is published it is noteworthy and important to review. James Lock and colleagues summarized their findings from a randomized trial of family therapy versus individual therapy in a randomized controlled trial for adolescents with anorexia nervosa in the October 2010........ Read more »
Lock J, Le Grange D, Agras WS, Moye A, Bryson SW, & Jo B. (2010) Randomized clinical trial comparing family-based treatment with adolescent-focused individual therapy for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Archives of general psychiatry, 67(10), 1025-32. PMID: 20921118
Eva Helmerhorst (Boston University, United States) and coworkers have found that microbes native to the human mouth degrade gliaden, providing hope that gluten intolerance can be countered other than through a strict dietary regimen. This news feature was written on October 12, 2010.... Read more »
Helmerhorst, E. J., Zamakhchari, M., Schuppan, D., & Oppenheim, F. G. (2010) Discovery of a Novel and Rich Source of Gluten-Degrading Microbial Enzymes in the Oral Cavity. PLoS ONE, 5(10). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013264
This paper was in the September issue of the British Journal of General Practice. The conclusions are a little bit depressing. Measuring BP in the surgery is likely to be of very limited value when it comes to guiding the need and the amount of treatment. It is known that the average effect of a [...]... Read more »
Warren, R., Marshall, T., Padfield, P., & Chrubasik, S. (2010) Variability of office, 24-hour ambulatory, and self-monitored blood pressure measurements. British Journal of General Practice, 60(578), 675-680. DOI: 10.3399/bjgp10X515403
On September 30, the Marian Koshland Science Museum in Washington, DC, held an interactive lecture which posed the question: “Can you train your neural pathways to stay active and strong ... Read more »
Hertzog, C., Kramer, A., Wilson, R., & Lindenberger, U. (2008) Enrichment Effects on Adult Cognitive Development: Can the Functional Capacity of Older Adults Be Preserved and Enhanced?. Psychological Science in the Public Interest. DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6053.2009.01034.x
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