Post List

  • February 10, 2010
  • 03:02 PM

Immunization for Addiction: the Cocaine Vaccine

by Evil Monkey in Neurotopia

Every so often this cocaine vaccine issue rears its head again. I saw it again just the other day. The problem is, of course, the tendency of the media (ain't it always the media) to say something like "OMG THIS IS TEH CURE FOR EVERYTHING!" in response to one small study. And who knows, the cocaine vaccine may indeed be the cure for everything, but Sci needs to see some big trials before she gets her hopes up. As it is, the studies I have seen provide some interesting clues, but also provide........ Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 02:43 PM

I have a big beak and a small tongue: Hornbill feeding

by Zen Faulkes in NeuroDojo

In the movie Roxanne, Steve Martin’s Cyrano-esque character has a scene where he’s supposed to drink from a small fluted wine glass, but his character’s large schnoz makes it impossible. That’s sort of the task faced by several birds species with large, lengthy bills.

Feeding is no small task for birds. Keep in mind that birds have no hands to manipulate their food, and a bird’s bill is completely inflexible. Imagine trying to eat without moving your lips.

Hornbills (like Aceros cass........ Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 01:49 PM

Birds of a feather are bred together: domesticated turkeys in prehistoric SW US

by Rachel in The Sage of Discovery: Exploring the world of food one ingredient at a time

Turkeys have long been an important foodstuff in many parts of the world. In the U.S., not only has our post-colonial society been fueled by this fowl; historically, turkey meat, feathers, and bones have provided important uses for pre-contact Native Americans. But where did these birds come from? By examining the remains of turkeys from [...]... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 01:15 PM

Alzheimer’s Disease May Protect Against Cancer and Vice Versa

by Walter Jessen in Highlight HEALTH

A recent study in the American Academy of Neurology found that people with Alzheimer’s disease have a significantly reduced risk of being hospitalized for cancer.... Read more »

Roe CM, Fitzpatrick AL, Xiong C, Sieh W, Kuller L, Miller JP, Williams MM, Kopan R, Behrens MI, & Morris JC. (2010) Cancer linked to Alzheimer disease but not vascular dementia. Neurology, 74(2), 106-12. PMID: 20032288  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 11:54 AM

Jury still out on fizzy drinks and pancreatic cancer

by Cancer Research UK in Cancer Research UK - Science Update

This week, the headlines have made bold claims about a possible link between drinking too many fizzy drinks and an increased risk of pancreatic cancer.
The claims were based on a new study, led by Mark Pereira from the University of Minnesota and colleagues in Singapore. It was published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and [...]... Read more »

Mueller, N., Odegaard, A., Anderson, K., Yuan, J., Gross, M., Koh, W., & Pereira, M. (2010) Soft Drink and Juice Consumption and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: The Singapore Chinese Health Study. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers , 19(2), 447-455. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0862  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 11:30 AM

Species Behind Schedule

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

Predators lag prey in climate change adaptations

... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 10:52 AM

Chocolate Milk: The Ideal Post-Exercise Drink?

by Travis Saunders, MSc in Obesity Panacea

For anyone who has spent any time around a gym or even around fervent gym goers, you have probably heard the adage that chocolate milk is the ideal drink of choice post exercise to aid in recovery. In fact, dairy companies have put out commercials advertising the purported athletic benefits of drinking chocolate milk post exercise. I must admit that I personally love a 500ml carton of chocolate milk after my workouts. But is there any evidence to support all the hype?

Now, before I go any fur........ Read more »

Karp JR, Johnston JD, Tecklenburg S, Mickleborough TD, Fly AD, & Stager JM. (2006) Chocolate milk as a post-exercise recovery aid. International journal of sport nutrition and exercise metabolism, 16(1), 78-91. PMID: 16676705  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 08:30 AM

Study links agricultural intensity with fish decline in streams

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 07:10 AM

On “the real holes in climate science”

by Andy Russell in Our Clouded Hills

[This post is based a question I got in response to a previous post but thought it deserved a short post on its own as there's a few interesting points.]
There’s been a lot of bad press recently for climate science but a lot of has focused on very minor issues. For example, most of [...]... Read more »

Schiermeier, Q. (2010) The real holes in climate science. Nature, 463(7279), 284-287. DOI: 10.1038/463284a  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 07:04 AM

Is the Evolution Debate Over?

by Johnny in Ecographica

A recent blog post at National Public Radio’s “Cosmos And Culture” by astrophysicist Adam Frank has raised my hackles. The post, titled “The Evolution Debate Is Over; It's Time To Move Forward,” argues that “it's time to put the prejudices that drag down discussion between science and the domains of human spiritual endeavor aside.”
... Read more »

Sedikides, C. (2009) Why Does Religiosity Persist?. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14(1), 3-6. DOI: 10.1177/1088868309352323  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 06:15 AM

A scarifying story

by iayork in Mystery Rays from Outer Space

Sopona, the Yoruba god of smallpox

A while ago I listed a number of reasons why smallpox was eradicated, whereas other diseases haven’t been (yet). One of the reasons was that the vaccine against smallpox1 is so effective. Vaccinia immunization induces immunity for an extraordinarily long time — memory immune responses have been shown for [...]... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 05:00 AM

Do biodiversity and carbon stocks overlap? The implications of REDD...

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

Scientists have examined how well our planet's biodiversity and carbon stocks overlap. The findings from their study could have major implications for the future of global conservation work...... Read more »

Strassburg, B., Kelly, A., Balmford, A., Davies, R., Gibbs, H., Lovett, A., Miles, L., Orme, C., Price, J., Turner, R.... (2010) Global congruence of carbon storage and biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00092.x  

  • February 10, 2010
  • 04:56 AM

Are We All Homeopaths Now?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

There are two main kinds of Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) - the ones that involve actually doing stuff, and the ones that don't.Things like herbal medicine, chiropractic, and acupuncture could plausibly make someone better, as more than just a placebo, given what we know about physics and chemistry, because they involve physically acting on the body. I don't claim to know whether they do in fact work, but in theory, they could.Other CAM techniques, however, are just magic. Homeopa........ Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 02:45 AM

Metformin: an anti-diabetic drug that is also anti-aging?

by ouroboros in Ouroboros: Research in the biology of aging

To the growing list of small-molecule drugs that have a measurable effect on lifespan or healthspan (e.g., resveratrol and rapamycin) we should add metformin, an anti-diabetic drug that has shown promise as a calorie restriction mimetic. Onken & Driscoll determined some of the genetic requirements for metformin’s anti-aging properties in the worm C. elegans:

Metformin induces [...]... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 02:45 AM

An interview with F Sommer Anderson – & central sensitisation syndromes

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

How many of you have headed off to ‘Therapy Worksheets’ blog? Yes, that’s the one I’ve linked to in my roundup of the best CBT resources on the internet.  Will Baum, the editor of that blog is also the author of where the client is, a blog about professional private practice in mental health care.  [...]... Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 02:29 AM

Were do Mirror Neurons Come From?

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

This video is about mirror neurons. These mirror neurons are the key to many aspects of social interaction. It allows us to understand the actions, feelings of others. In a way to “read their minds”. Possibly mirror neurons play an important role in empathy , an important asset for physicians.
But were do they come from [...]

Related posts:About Mirror Neurons Mirror Neurons are important for imitation and emulation but...
The Hidden and Informal Curriculum During Medical Educati........ Read more »

  • February 10, 2010
  • 12:25 AM

Paroxetine (Paxil) Use Lowers Cancer Survival in Tamoxifen Users

by Margaret Polaneczky, MD in The Blog that Ate Manhattan

An important Canadian study has shown that the use of paroxetine (Paxil) in breast cancer patients taking tamoxifen is associated with an increased risk of death from breast cancer. These findings, which were published this week in the British Medical Journal, add to a growing body of evidence that certain (but not all) SSRI antidepressants neutralize tamoxifen's beneficial effects in treating breast cancer by interfering with it's metabolism.First, a few things about the study -The study was d........ Read more »

  • February 9, 2010
  • 10:32 PM

LSDG: An Acronym Consuming A Field

by Dr. M in Deep Sea News

You may never heard of LSDG (although some of you may have heard of LSD but I make no judgement here) but a lot scientific thought and time is spent contemplating it.  In fact Google Scholar returns 113,000 published papers on the subject.  Why are there millions of pages dedicated to this subject? Because it [...]... Read more »

Rex, M., Stuart, C., Hessler, R., Allen, J., Sanders, H., & Wilson, G. (1993) Global-scale latitudinal patterns of species diversity in the deep-sea benthos. Nature, 365(6447), 636-639. DOI: 10.1038/365636a0  

Yasuhara, M., Hunt, G., Cronin, T., & Okahashi, H. (2009) Temporal latitudinal-gradient dynamics and tropical instability of deep-sea species diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(51), 21717-21720. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0910935106  

  • February 9, 2010
  • 09:02 PM

What's the buzz?: Synthetic marijuana, K2, Spice, JWH-018

by David J Kroll in Terra Sigillata

My field of natural products pharmacology was founded by indigenous cultures who recognized that plants and fungi contain compounds that produce altered states of consciousness, leading to their most common use in religious ceremonies. While we may most often associate these naturally-occurring drugs with hallucinogens, the arguably most common natural product in use today is marijuana or Cannabis sativa. Indigenous to India and China, Cannabis has been the subject of increasing decriminalizati........ Read more »

Aung MM, Griffin G, Huffman JW, Wu M, Keel C, Yang B, Showalter VM, Abood ME, & Martin BR. (2000) Influence of the N-1 alkyl chain length of cannabimimetic indoles upon CB(1) and CB(2) receptor binding. Drug and alcohol dependence, 60(2), 133-40. PMID: 10940540  

  • February 9, 2010
  • 08:37 PM

Diversity of the Influenza and the rearrangement

by Atila Iamarino in Influenza A (H1N1) Blog – English

One of the most important characteristics to be considered about the Influenza, in the preparation for pandemics, is the rearrangement. A mixture of genes of two or more different viruses is able to generate a new variety. Such as the new Influenza A (H1N1).
Although the mutations have an important role in the diversity of the [...]... Read more »

Palese, P. (2004) Influenza: old and new threats. Nature Medicine, 10(12s). DOI: 10.1038/nm1141  

Morens, D., Taubenberger, J., & Fauci, A. (2009) The Persistent Legacy of the 1918 Influenza Virus. New England Journal of Medicine, 361(3), 225-229. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp0904819  

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