At the same time as we were learning that Vegetarians and Vegans might be more empathic than Omnivores we were also discovering the nature of empathy in Ravens. Published in PLoS One recently was a paper called “Do Ravens Show Consolation? Responses to Distressed Others” looking at the behaviour of Ravens and the implications for [...]... Read more »
Fraser, O., & Bugnyar, T. (2010) Do Ravens Show Consolation? Responses to Distressed Others. PLoS ONE, 5(5). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0010605
We love getting interesting emails from our readers. Some are complaints about our (mostly mine) colorful language, many are emails telling us how they appreciate what we do, several even come from our colleagues who would like us to know about some recent research or a new expedition, and we get many readers asking us specific . . . → Read More: Pouring Oil on ‘Troubled Waters’... Read more »
MacDonald, I., Leifer, I., Sassen, R., Stine, P., Mitchell, R., & Guinasso, N. (2002) Transfer of hydrocarbons from natural seeps to the water column and atmosphere. Geofluids, 2(2), 95-107. DOI: 10.1046/j.1468-8123.2002.00023.x
Wyckoff, Lieut. A.B. (1886) The use of oil in storms at sea. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 23(123), 383-388. info:/
By Hannah Dunbar(Brain Post Note: Hannah Dunbar is a summer research student who attends Oral Roberts University. She is providing some guest posts on her topic of interest--sleep in bipolar disorder). Bipolar disorder commonly is complicated by concurrent illicit substance abuse. Since drugs of abuse have their own effects on sleep it is important to understand these effects. We will review the effects of cocaine and cannabis on sleep. Sleep effects of drugs may be quite different during a........ Read more »
Schierenbeck T, Riemann D, Berger M, & Hornyak M. (2008) Effect of illicit recreational drugs upon sleep: cocaine, ecstasy and marijuana. Sleep medicine reviews, 12(5), 381-9. PMID: 18313952
Head trauma experienced from high speed roller coaster rides is extremely common, but with too many G forces, can increase risk of short or long-term brain damage.... Read more »
Smith, D., & Meaney, D. (2002) Roller Coasters, G Forces, and Brain Trauma: On the Wrong Track?. Journal of Neurotrauma, 19(10), 1117-1120. DOI: 10.1089/08977150260337921
“Libraries and journals articles as we know them will cease to exists” said Barend Mons at the symposium in honor of our Library 25th Anniversary (June 3rd). “Possibly we will have another kind of party in another 25 years”…. he continued, grinning. What he had to say the next half hour intrigued me. And although [...]... Read more »
van Haagen HH, 't Hoen PA, Botelho Bovo A, de Morrée A, van Mulligen EM, Chichester C, Kors JA, den Dunnen JT, van Ommen GJ, van der Maarel SM.... (2009) Novel protein-protein interactions inferred from literature context. PloS one, 4(11). PMID: 19924298
Hi everyone! Rim here, so sorry for the late update guys! World Cup fever! Priorities priorities. We were introduced to neurogenesis a couple of blogs ago. The birth of neurons in the adult brain has opened the floodgates to a broad range of topics for researchers. One of the most dominant types, are those who [...]... Read more »
Deng, W., Aimone, J., & Gage, F. (2010) New neurons and new memories: how does adult hippocampal neurogenesis affect learning and memory?. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 11(5), 339-350. DOI: 10.1038/nrn2822
A bite from a Komodo dragon would take you down. They have large teeth that are very sharp. And their salivary glands secrete venom.
For a long time, people sort of overlooked those two factors. The teeth were obvious, but the venom wasn’t. Instead, people suggested that one of the ways that the slow moving monitor lizards were able to take down large prey was because their mouths contained so many bacteria, that the bitten prey animal got infected, quite quickly, and went down from the bacte........ Read more »
Bull, J., Jessop, T., & Whiteley, M. (2010) Deathly Drool: Evolutionary and Ecological Basis of Septic Bacteria in Komodo Dragon Mouths. PLoS ONE, 5(6). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011097
When I read updates on blogs or the news about the BP oil spill, my expression is generally very serious: furrowed brow, pursed lips which I’m probably chewing in alternation with gnawing a nail. But last week I laughed out loud, a true LOL, a brash guffaw. (“What?!” my labmates inquired.) I had read this [...]... Read more »
Gephart, R. (2004) Normal Risk: Technology, Sense Making, and Environmental Disasters. Organization , 17(1), 20-26. DOI: 10.1177/1086026603262030
Leveson, N., Dulac, N., Marais, K., & Carroll, J. (2009) Moving Beyond Normal Accidents and High Reliability Organizations: A Systems Approach to Safety in Complex Systems. Organization Studies, 30(2-3), 227-249. DOI: 10.1177/0170840608101478
Weick, K. (2004) Normal Accident Theory As Frame, Link, and Provocation. Organization , 17(1), 27-31. DOI: 10.1177/1086026603262031
This is the first blogpost in a continuing series on “sensible evolution‘: how our senses evolved and shape the way we see the world. We perceive everything that we can see and feel as ‘real’, but we know that our human senses only capture a tiny part of the natural world. There are [...]... Read more »
Zhao, H., Zhou, Y., Pinto, C., Charles-Dominique, P., Galindo-Gonzalez, J., Zhang, S., & Zhang, J. (2010) Evolution of the sweet taste receptor gene Tas1r2 in bats. Molecular Biology and Evolution. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msq152
A press release from Harvard caught my eye last week, announcing results from Markus Greiner's group that were, according to the release, published in Science. The press release seems to have gotten the date wrong, though-- the article didn't appear in Science last week. It is, however, available on the arxiv, so you get the ResearchBlogging for the free version a few days before you can pay an exorbitant amount to read it in the journal.
The title of the paper is "Probing the Superfluid to Mot........ Read more »
Waseem S. Bakr, Amy Peng, M. Eric Tai, Ruichao Ma, Jonathan Simon, Jonathon I. Gillen, Simon Foelling, Lode Pollet, & Markus Greiner. (2010) Probing the Superfluid to Mott Insulator Transition at the Single Atom Level. Science. arXiv: 1006.0754v1
Bakr, W., Gillen, J., Peng, A., Fölling, S., & Greiner, M. (2009) A quantum gas microscope for detecting single atoms in a Hubbard-regime optical lattice. Nature, 462(7269), 74-77. DOI: 10.1038/nature08482
As a group, dinosaurs were certainly well-ornamented animals. Horns, spikes, crests, plates, sails, clubs and other strange structures marked the bodies of many dinosaurs, but figuring out why these dinosaurs had these structures in the first place has often been difficult to figure out. Numerous hypotheses for different structures have been proposed over the years. [...]... Read more »
Padian, K., & Horner, J. (2010) The evolution of ‘bizarre structures’ in dinosaurs: biomechanics, sexual selection, social selection or species recognition?. Journal of Zoology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00719.x
Three-dimensional models of hominoid skulls used in the study - (a) Hylobates lar; (b) Pongo pygmaeus; (c) Pan troglodytes; (d) Gorilla gorilla; (e) Australopithecus africanus; (f ) Paranthropus boisei; (g) Homo sapiens. They have been scaled to the same surface area, and the colors denote areas of stress (blue = minimal stress, pink = high stress). From Wroe et al, 2010.
It is all too easy to think of human evolution in linear terms. From our 21st century vantage point we can look back thro........ Read more »
Inside the human body are millions of miniature machines, the gatekeepers of the electrical impulses that keep our hearts beating and our minds thinking. They’re called ion channels; portals that allow small ions such as sodium, potassium, calcium, and chloride, to pass in or out of cells. A simple responsibility, with a complex and crucial [...]... Read more »
Khalili-Araghi F, Jogini V, Yarov-Yarovoy V, Tajkhorshid E, Roux B, & Schulten K. (2010) Calculation of the gating charge for the Kv1.2 voltage-activated potassium channel. Biophysical journal, 98(10), 2189-98. PMID: 20483327
Whose Time do we live in? Time zones have set standards in keeping with longitudinal boundaries so that we share a clock experience that is often managed by an urban center. I am not the first to note, however, that these standards of Time overlook local, social definitions of Time. Though these local definitions persist, they are not generally the norm adhered to when individuals interact both
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Schieffelin, B. (2002) Marking Time: The Dichotomizing Discourse of Multiple Temporalities. Current Anthropology, 43(S4). DOI: 10.1086/341107
Goal setting is a funny thing. Like many of you, I’m sure, I’ve had a long and checkered relationship with it. I’ve gone back and forth, was a big fan, hated it, went back to goal setting again. What is it that fascinates and repels about goal setting? I set out to look at some [...]... Read more »
LATHAM, G., & LOCKE, E. (2006) Enhancing the Benefits and Overcoming the Pitfalls of Goal Setting. Organizational Dynamics, 35(4), 332-340. DOI: 10.1016/j.orgdyn.2006.08.008
Bora at A Blog Around the Clock posted a well written piece about expertise in journalism yesterday. He describes a division of experts and generalists; obviously the experts are those who have spent years studying a specific topic and understand … Continue reading →... Read more »
Kruger J, & Dunning D. (1999) Unskilled and unaware of it: how difficulties in recognizing one's own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of personality and social psychology, 77(6), 1121-34. PMID: 10626367
As usual, the 2010 Jahrbuch Archäologie Schweiz vol. 93 includes a list of newly discovered and excavated sites. It is no surprise that the number of Palaeolithic and Mesolithic sites discovered or investigated in 2009 is relatively low in comparison to the number of sites from most later prehistoric, roman and medieval periods. The figure [...]... Read more »
Huber, R. . (2010) Neue Territorien in Sicht! Wildbeutergesellschaften der Alt- und Mittelsteinzeit. Archäologie Schweiz, 33(2), 15-21. info:/
Regular readers of these pages will recall previous articles on the discoveryof brown adipose tissue in adult humans.
Brown adipose tissue or BAT is specifically designed to turn calories into heat, thereby significantly affecting metabolic rate.
The current theory is that people who have more BAT, are more obesity resistant and can better handle excess calories. It [...]... Read more »
Tan DX, Manchester LC, Fuentes-Broto L, Paredes SD, & Reiter RJ. (2010) Significance and application of melatonin in the regulation of brown adipose tissue metabolism: relation to human obesity. Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity. PMID: 20557470
Have you ever tried to get into the Apple app store? Not as a consumer, but as a developer, I mean? Apparently, it’s pretty tough (just ask the guys from Opera or Wobble iBoobs!). App stores are all different with respect to their associated operating system, development language, the policy of approval and profit sharing [...]Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkApp store communities
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Bong Gyou Lee, Gun Hee Lee, Yong Ho Shim, & Ajin Choi. (2010) Let developers run into the app store by lowering the barrier-to-entry. Int. J. Electronic Finance, 4(3), 201-220. info:/
In this video, Science in Seconds looks at the world's first picture of a molecule, taken by IBM researchers in 2009 and published in Science Magazine.... Read more »
Gross, L., Mohn, F., Moll, N., Liljeroth, P., & Meyer, G. (2009) The Chemical Structure of a Molecule Resolved by Atomic Force Microscopy. Science, 325(5944), 1110-1114. DOI: 10.1126/science.1176210
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