You've got to love evidence-based nutrition.And if you're not sure why, here's a reason - last week it concluded that butter's not inherently bad for you.You see last week the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition released a meta-analysis that looked at all the prospective epidemiological studies looking at the relationship between dietary saturated fat intake and the risks of developing coronary heart disease, stroke and cardiovascular disease.What did they find? 21 studies with followups of 5........ Read more »
Siri-Tarino, P., Sun, Q., Hu, F., & Krauss, R. (2010) Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. DOI: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.27725
By reading the title of the post you may be curious that what remote similarity proteomics can share with Sherlock Holmes? Well not much at this moment except the complexity of storyline. An excerpt from a bit old article, interested readers will find it useful to understand the complexity of proteomeModern proteome analysis is a very complex 'detective story', which might baffle even the most famous investigator, Sherlock Holmes . The reason is that, in any proteome, a few proteins dominate ........ Read more »
Righetti, P., & Boschetti, E. (2007) Sherlock Holmes and the proteome − a detective story. FEBS Journal, 274(4), 897-905. DOI: 10.1111/j.1742-4658.2007.05648.x
Deletion of the Foxl2 gene in adult mice can lead to ovaries transforming into testes... Read more »
Uhlenhaut NH, Jakob S, Anlag K, Eisenberger T, Sekido R, Kress J, Treier AC, Klugmann C, Klasen C, Holter NI.... (2009) Somatic sex reprogramming of adult ovaries to testes by FOXL2 ablation. Cell, 139(6), 1130-42. PMID: 20005806
Although it can be rather difficult to define what it means to be Navajo, it is quite clear from a variety of lines of evidence that speakers of Athapaskan languages, including Navajo and the various Apache languages, have not been in the Southwest for very long compared to most of the other language groups there, [...]... Read more »
Sapir, E. (1936) Internal Linguistic Evidence Suggestive of the Northern Origin of the Navaho. American Anthropologist, 38(2), 224-235. DOI: 10.1525/aa.1936.38.2.02a00040
Alternate title: When pigs fly and fish say ‘hi’.
I’m covering a quick little review of a paper just published online in Fish and Fisheries about the two chances Europe has of meeting its legal obligations of rebuilding its North East Atlantic fish stocks by 2015 (i.e., Buckley’s and none).
The paper entitled Rebuilding fish stocks no [...]... Read more »
Froese, R., & Proelß, A. (2010) Rebuilding fish stocks no later than 2015: will Europe meet the deadline?. Fish and Fisheries. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-2979.2009.00349.x
BMI – the ratio of body mass to height, typically correlates well with ratings of body attractiveness. WHR – a direct comparison of waist and hip measurements – also correlates with attractiveness. Recent research that compares the relative strengths of the two ratios generally finds that variation in BMI accounts for a greater proportion of [...]... Read more »
Law Smith, M., Perrett, D., Jones, B., Cornwell, R., Moore, F., Feinberg, D., Boothroyd, L., Durrani, S., Stirrat, M., Whiten, S.... (2006) Facial appearance is a cue to oestrogen levels in women. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 273(1583), 135-140. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2005.3296
Thornhill, R. (1999) The Body and Face of Woman One Ornament that Signals Quality?. Evolution and Human Behavior, 20(2), 105-120. DOI: 10.1016/S1090-5138(98)00044-0
Oil from Exxon Valdez spill gets trapped in gravel beaches
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Li, H., & Boufadel, M. (2010) Long-term persistence of oil from the Exxon Valdez spill in two-layer beaches. Nature Geoscience. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO749
It was a physio who first chanted that wee slogan at me some ten years ago… for a physio, he wasn’t bad at all! Come to think of it, I have worked with some great physiotherapists (please don’t let them know!). Anyway, it’s been one of those sayings that I’ve carried with me ever [...]... Read more »
Zautra, A., Fasman, R., Davis, M., & Craig, A. (2010) The effects of slow breathing on affective responses to pain stimuli: An experimental study. Pain. DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.10.001
The last three issues of the 2009 volume of L'Anthropologie are dedicated to prehistoric art, and one the papers contained in that special volume concerns five vault fragments from Fumane Cave (Veneto region, Italy) that were recovered during excavation and that bear designs made in red ochre. The art itself is already well known and has been published in great detail as part of a monograph a few years ago (Broglio and Dalmieri 2005), but this study presents some new data on the likely age of t........ Read more »
Broglio, A., De Stefani, M., Gurioli, F., Pallecchi, P., Giachi, G., Higham, T., & Brock, F. (2009) L’art aurignacien dans la décoration de la Grotte de Fumane. L'Anthropologie, 113(5), 753-761. DOI: 10.1016/j.anthro.2009.09.016
Back in the time of the “black and white” motion picture days, when “talkies” weren’t even born, we still could make out the essence of what Charlie Chaplin had to “say”. We understood his unspoken words, courtesy a system of neuronal networking, called the mirror neuron system. Another example: you observe a man kissing ‘his’ girlfriend, ‘your’ neuronal network that would otherwise activate when you ‘actually’ kissed her, would fire! Mirror neurons are at work. Seems t........ Read more »
Iacoboni M, Molnar-Szakacs I, Gallese V, Buccino G, Mazziotta JC, & Rizzolatti G. (2005) Grasping the intentions of others with one's own mirror neuron system. PLoS biology, 3(3). PMID: 15736981
Most individuals at some point of their life experience events that are stressful. While some people seem to crumble to the deleterious effects of stress, others sail through adverse situations. Chronic or acute stress is associated with a wide range of psychosocial disorders. So what are the factors and the possible neurobiological mechanisms associated with [...]... Read more »
Feder, A., Nestler, E., & Charney, D. (2009) Psychobiology and molecular genetics of resilience. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10(6), 446-457. DOI: 10.1038/nrn2649
Another week has gone by and some very interesting molbio blog posts have been aggregated to Researchblogging.org. Every week [see my opening post on the matter], I'll select some blog posts I consider particularly interesting in the field of molecular biology [see here to get a sense of the criteria that will be used], briefly describe them and list them here for you to check out.Note that I'm ... Read more »
Brückner A, Polge C, Lentze N, Auerbach D, & Schlattner U. (2009) Yeast two-hybrid, a powerful tool for systems biology. International journal of molecular sciences, 10(6), 2763-88. PMID: 19582228
Hughes, J., Skaletsky, H., Pyntikova, T., Graves, T., van Daalen, S., Minx, P., Fulton, R., McGrath, S., Locke, D., Friedman, C.... (2010) Chimpanzee and human Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature08700
Oldenburg KR, Vo KT, Michaelis S, & Paddon C. (1997) Recombination-mediated PCR-directed plasmid construction in vivo in yeast. Nucleic acids research, 25(2), 451-2. PMID: 9016579
In the discussion about improving science education, the focus often falls on large-scale programs. However, some studies are suggesting that even short-term, small interventions in classrooms can have significant effects on student achievement. In the 4 December 2009 issue of Science (okay, I'm a little behind in my reading...), Hulleman and Harackiewicz investigate the efficacy of short writing assignments on student interest and achievement in science.It's generally well accepted (and logical........ Read more »
Hulleman, C., & Harackiewicz, J. (2009) Promoting Interest and Performance in High School Science Classes. Science, 326(5958), 1410-1412. DOI: 10.1126/science.1177067
A study of heavy metal contaminants in the urban lakes of India, particularly around Bangalore have revealed that attempts at mitigation meant to remove these pollutants have not so far worked and may not be a long-term remedy for the problem. I’ve provided more detail on the analysis in the Atomic ezine on SpectroscopyNOW this [...]Indian urban wetland heavy metal is a post from: Sciencebase Science Blog
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Aboud S. Jumbe, & N. Nandini. (2009) Heavy Metals Analysis and Sediment Quality Values in Urban Lakes. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 5(6), 678-687. info:/
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Nash, M., Hoffmann, A., & Thomson, L. (2010) Identifying signatures of pesticide applications on indigenous and invasive non-target arthropod communities from vineyards. Ecological Applications, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1890/09-1065
Elsevier is trying a new format for research articles here and they are, somewhat pretentiously, calling it the “article of the future.” It’s always risky to attach “future” to these sorts of things, as it tends to get people bitching that they don’t have their flying cars and personal jet packs yet.
As far as I can tell, Elsevier’s experiment seems to be confined to one of its big flagship journals, Cell, for now. An example is here, which I like becau........ Read more »
A new study demonstrates that human society has a surprisingly short collective memory of past ecological conditions. This “community amnesia” results in the shifting baseline syndrome, in which people misperceive ecological health and the magnitude of ecosystem changes...... Read more »
TURVEY, S., BARRETT, L., YUJIANG, H., LEI, Z., XINQIAO, Z., XIANYAN, W., YADONG, H., KAIYA, Z., HART, T., & DING, W. (2010) Rapidly Shifting Baselines in Yangtze Fishing Communities and Local Memory of Extinct Species. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01395.x
We hear a lot about the harmful consequences to children of seeing their parents argue or watching violence on TV, but very little about the potential harm of witnessing school bullying. But now Ian Rivers and colleagues have published findings suggesting that being a bystander to bullying can often be just as psychologically harmful as being directly involved.The researchers asked just over 2000, predominantly white, children aged 12-16 at 14 state schools in the north of England about how much........ Read more »
Rivers, I., Poteat, V., Noret, N., & Ashurst, N. (2009) Observing bullying at school: The mental health implications of witness status. School Psychology Quarterly, 24(4), 211-223. DOI: 10.1037/a0018164
Having trouble complying with the new 4 picosecond rule introduced by UCEM? Do not fret, you can improve your department's efficiency a thousandfold by religiously employing the 'Signs of 'Imminent Admission' as a disposition decision aid.... Read more »
Silverman JA, Kohn ML, & Referrals From the ER (REFER) Investigators. (2000) Will this emergency department patient be referred to internal medicine?. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association journal , 163(12), 1566-7. PMID: 11138414
This post was inspired by two recent visits to jazz clubs in Paris. It’s the first in a series of three. The others are: Medical Dangers of Jazz and The neuroscience of Jazz.
What do we know about the relationship between mental illness and creativity, more specific about the relationship between mental illness and jazz. [...]
Related posts:Painters and Psychiatry Art and psychiatry is always an interesting combination to...
Bill Evans the most influential pianists in modern jazz As ........ Read more »
WILLS, G. (2003) Forty lives in the bebop business: mental health in a group of eminent jazz musicians. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 183(3), 255-259. DOI: 10.1192/bjp.183.3.255
Poole R. (2003) 'Kind of blue': creativity, mental disorder and jazz. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science, 193-4. PMID: 12948989
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