Post List

  • September 2, 2010
  • 03:00 PM
  • 909 views

Should Mother Nature have to sign the Copenhagen Accord?

by Maria José Viñas in GeoSpace

Carbon dioxide releases by hurricanes are significant, but offset by ocean cooling and phytoplankton growth

A hurricane’s passage over warm ocean waters can drive a significant amount of carbon dioxide from the waves to the sky. The violent winds associated with a passing storm can dramatically increase the gas exchange between the ocean and [...]... Read more »

P. Huang, & J. Imberger. (2010) Variation of pCO2 in ocean surface water in response to the passage of a hurricane. J. Geophys. Res. info:/10.1029/2010JC006185

  • September 2, 2010
  • 02:36 PM
  • 761 views

In a Data-Swamped World, Connecting the Dots Is All Too Easy

by David Berreby in Mind Matters

An information-saturated society is going to notice plenty of weird correlations, like the Blade Runner curse or the unfortunate fate of American presidents elected in years that ended in a zero (for a long time beginning in 1860, all died in office). The more data we collect, the more patterns we see. Iran leads the world in nose-jobs per capita. Major wars have been preceded by stock-market plunges on the other side of the world. It's increasingly easy to find unexpected alignments betw........ Read more »

Berreby, D. (2010) On markets and collective mood. Nature, 467(7311), 31-31. DOI: 10.1038/467031a  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:55 PM
  • 806 views

The Science of Sexism: Primate Behavior and the Culture of Sexual Coercion

by Eric Michael Johnson in The Primate Diaries in Exile

The latest stop in the #PDEx tour is being hosted by The Intersection at Discover magazine.Despite the advances our society has made for women’s rights and sexual equality during the last century this example is just one more sign of how far we still have to go. It’s not an isolated incident. According to statistics compiled by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission there were 12,696 workplace sexual harassment cases filed in 2009 (which would be a fraction of the number that actuall........ Read more »

Martin N. Muller and Richard W. Wrangham. (2009) Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary Perspective on Male Aggression Against Females. Harvard University Press. info:/

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:55 PM
  • 1,014 views

The Science of Sexism: Primate Behavior and the Culture of Sexual Coercion

by Eric Michael Johnson in The Primate Diaries

The latest stop in the #PDEx tour is being hosted by The Intersection at Discover magazine.Despite the advances our society has made for women’s rights and sexual equality during the last century this example is just one more sign of how far we still have to go. It’s not an isolated incident. According to statistics compiled by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission there were 12,696 workplace sexual harassment cases filed in 2009 (which would be a fraction of the number that actuall........ Read more »

Martin N. Muller and Richard W. Wrangham. (2009) Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary Perspective on Male Aggression Against Females. Harvard University Press. info:/

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:39 PM
  • 954 views

Finland removes displays of tobacco in shops as evidence mounts for UK action

by Cancer Research UK in Cancer Research UK - Science Update

In August, the Finnish President signed a new law to end the display of tobacco products in the country’s shops. It’s a timely move and one that’s being mirrored across the world. Scotland, for example, is pressing ahead with its own law. The Coalition Government in Westminster is considering whether to take this step, given [...]... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:17 PM
  • 998 views

Six Months to a Sexy New Body

by Paul Statt in Paul Statt Communications

Public transportation, like, say, public health or the public library, just isn’t sexy. But a fat slob isn’t sexy, either, is he? And with public transportation, he could build a sexy new physique in only 6 to 8 months, according to a recent publication in the the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.... Read more »

MacDonald JM, Stokes RJ, Cohen DA, Kofner A, & Ridgeway GK. (2010) The effect of light rail transit on body mass index and physical activity. American journal of preventive medicine, 39(2), 105-12. PMID: 20621257  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:14 PM
  • 1,025 views

How To Fight Loneliness

by Rob Mitchum in ScienceLife

Loneliness is bad for your health. The work of John Cacioppo and others has proven this connection repeatedly over the last decade, finding links between loneliness and blood pressure, sleep quality, dementia, gene expression, and many other medical measures. The evidence has built to the point that loneliness could be considered a serious risk factor [...]... Read more »

Masi CM, Chen HY, Hawkley LC, & Cacioppo JT. (2010) A Meta-Analysis of Interventions to Reduce Loneliness. Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc. PMID: 20716644  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:08 PM
  • 902 views

Diabetes drug may protect against cancer

by Sally Church in Pharma Strategy Blog

Yesterday, I covered some of the key pathways and kinases associated with cell energy metabolism, LKB1 and AMPK. These, together with Insulin-like Growth Factor-I (IGF-I) and the insulin receptor (IR), appear to play important roles in the broader regulation of...... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 12:01 PM
  • 2,187 views

Evolution of cerebral cortex traced back to Precambrian era

by Eva Amsen in the Node

In a paper published today in Cell, Detlev Arendt, Raju Tomer and colleagues reveal evidence that the cerebral cortex evolved much earlier than previously believed. Using a new technique to detect and image simultaneously expressed genes in a compact brain area, they discovered that the gene expression patterns in the olfactory processing region (mushroom bodies) [...]... Read more »

Raju Tomer, Alexandru S. Denes, Kristin Tessmar-Raible, & Detlev Arendt. (2010) Profiling by Image Registration Reveals Common Origin of Annelid Mushroom Bodies and Vertebrate Pallium. Cell, 142(5), 800-809. info:/10.1016/j.cell.2010.07.043

  • September 2, 2010
  • 11:33 AM
  • 575 views

Racial Bias of Adult Sensitivity to Infant Facial Care-Seeking Cues

by Michael Long in Phased

John Hodsoll (Queen Mary University, United Kingdom) and coworkers have shown that preferential adult attention to infant facial features is affected by the race of the infant relative to that of the adult, suggesting an influence of experience and environment. This news feature was written on September 2, 2010.... Read more »

Hodsoll, J., Quinn, K. A., & Hodsoll, S. (2010) Attentional Prioritization of Infant Faces Is Limited to Own-Race Infants. PLoS ONE, 5(9). info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0012509

  • September 2, 2010
  • 11:02 AM
  • 507 views

War & Fish

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

War isn’t the answer — but it wasn’t so bad if you were a Scottish haddock. A 6-year pause in commercial fishing caused by World War II helped cod, haddock and whiting populations in Europe’s North Sea recover from years of pre-war exploitation, according to a new analysis. The “accidental” reserve suggests that cold-water fish […] Read More »... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 09:50 AM
  • 612 views

Say Hello to Sinoceratops

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

It has been a good year for horned dinosaurs. The recent description of Mojoceratops, the discovery of a ceratopsian in Europe, and the long-awaited publication of the New Perspectives on Horned Dinosaurs volume have all given paleontologists reason to celebrate, and a new study led by Xu Xing reports on another significant discovery: the first [...]... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 09:47 AM
  • 1,436 views

Immunity under natural selection

by iayork in Mystery Rays from Outer Space

HapMap 3, officially announced in today’s issue of Nature,1 is an “integrated data set of common and rare alleles” in human populations, built from “1.6 million common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 1,184 reference individuals from 11 global populations“.  As well as being a resource for genome-wide studies, there are a number of things that can [...]... Read more »

Douroudis K, Kingo K, Silm H, Reimann E, Traks T, Vasar E, & Kõks S. (2010) The CD226 Gly307Ser gene polymorphism is associated with severity of psoriasis. Journal of dermatological science, 58(2), 160-1. PMID: 20399620  

Maiti AK, Kim-Howard X, Viswanathan P, Guillén L, Qian X, Rojas-Villarraga A, Sun C, Cañas C, Tobón GJ, Matsuda K.... (2010) Non-synonymous variant (Gly307Ser) in CD226 is associated with susceptibility to multiple autoimmune diseases. Rheumatology (Oxford, England), 49(7), 1239-44. PMID: 20338887  

Heron M, Grutters JC, Van Moorsel CH, Ruven HJ, Kazemier KM, Claessen AM, & Van den Bosch JM. (2009) Effect of variation in ITGAE on risk of sarcoidosis, CD103 expression, and chest radiography. Clinical immunology (Orlando, Fla.), 133(1), 117-25. PMID: 19604725  

Luke MM, O'Meara ES, Rowland CM, Shiffman D, Bare LA, Arellano AR, Longstreth WT Jr, Lumley T, Rice K, Tracy RP.... (2009) Gene variants associated with ischemic stroke: the cardiovascular health study. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation, 40(2), 363-8. PMID: 19023099  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 09:32 AM
  • 1,534 views

Briefings in Bioinformatics – our education paper is available now

by Jennifer in OpenHelix

Back in April I happened to mention that we (OpenHelix) were writing a paper on informal sources of bioinformatics education (in a Friday SNPets item) and we were asked to announce when the paper came out. Well, we got word late last week that the article has been published. The article appears in a special issue of Briefings in Bioinformatics that is devoted to bioinformatics education. I’m not sure if all the articles in the issue are available yet, but it looks like several are in the j........ Read more »

Williams, J., Mangan, M., Perreault-Micale, C., Lathe, S., Sirohi, N., & Lathe, W. (2010) OpenHelix: bioinformatics education outside of a different box. Briefings in Bioinformatics. DOI: 10.1093/bib/bbq026  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 07:10 AM
  • 1,099 views

The woman whose new memories are erased each night

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Psychologists have documented what they believe to be a clinical first - the case of an amnesic woman whose memory for new material is erased each night that she goes to sleep (movie fans will recognise this as a plot device in the 2004 film 50 First Dates). Referred to as case FL, the woman developed these symptoms after she hit her head in a car accident in 2005, aged 48. Brain scans and neurological exams revealed no signs of brain damage, thus suggesting the woman is exhibiting what's known ........ Read more »

Smith, C., Frascino, J., Kripke, D., McHugh, P., Treisman, G., & Squire, L. (2010) Losing memories overnight: A unique form of human amnesia. Neuropsychologia, 48(10), 2833-2840. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2010.05.025  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 07:10 AM
  • 1,247 views

Alfred Russel Wallace, a Conspicuous Caterpillar and David Bowie

by Johnny in Ecographica

What do Alfred Wallace and David Bowie have in common with a caterpillar? …in this work, Wallace expanded on one of his theories - a theory that he had previously presented to Charles Darwin and to members of the Entomological Society of London… Aposematism refers to signaling adaptations…... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 06:04 AM
  • 1,491 views

Solar system might be older than we thought…

by Kelly Oakes in Basic Space

Researchers from Arizona State University have found the oldest solar system object ever discovered. In fact, it’s so old that it formed up to two million years before the solar system did, according to current estimates. It might be time for a rethink of when and how our little place in the Universe came into [...]... Read more »

Audrey Bouvier, & Meenakshi Wadhwa. (2010) The age of the Solar System redefined by the oldest Pb–Pb age of a meteoritic inclusion. Nature Geoscience. info:/10.1038/ngeo941

  • September 2, 2010
  • 06:00 AM
  • 1,364 views

SCOUTing for Obesity Treatments

by Dr. Arya Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

Today, the New England Journal of Medicine publishes the results of the Sibutramine Cardiovascular OUTcome (SCOUT) trial - a study in over 10,000 high-risk individuals with excess weight.... Read more »

James WP, Caterson ID, Coutinho W, Finer N, Van Gaal LF, Maggioni AP, Torp-Pedersen C, Sharma AM, Shepherd GM, Rode RA.... (2010) Effect of sibutramine on cardiovascular outcomes in overweight and obese subjects. The New England journal of medicine, 363(10), 905-17. PMID: 20818901  

  • September 2, 2010
  • 05:58 AM
  • 434 views

Going under and coming to

by Janet Kwasniak in Thoughts on thoughts



PLoS One has a paper, A Conserved Behavioral State Barrier Impedes Transitions between Anesthetic-Induced Unconsciousness and Wakefulness: Evidence for Neural Inertia, by Friedman and others here.
The abstract:
One major unanswered question in neuroscience is how the brain transitions between conscious and unconscious states. General anesthetics offer a controllable means to study these [...]... Read more »

  • September 2, 2010
  • 05:30 AM
  • 600 views

The consequences of accepting rape myths

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Oppression through acceptance? predicting rape myth acceptance and attitudes toward rape victims From Violence Against Women Rape myths such as ‘only bad women get raped’ and ‘women ask for it’ serve to blame the victim and exonerate the rapist. As reported rapes in the United States increased at unprecedented rates in the late 1960s and [...]... Read more »

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