Post List

  • February 8, 2010
  • 12:36 AM

Urban Uprising

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

More city-dwellers means more deforestation

... Read more »

DeFries, R.S., Rudel, T., Uriarte, M., & M. Hansen. (2010) Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century. Nature Geoscience. info:/10.1038/NGEO756

  • February 7, 2010
  • 11:22 PM

Drink up! Beer benefits bones…

by aimee in misc.ience

I can hear the whoops of joy emanating around the world.  Joined, of course, by mine.

For years, we’ve known that a glass or two of the vino has its benefits.  However, I’ve never heard of anything particularly beneficial coming as a result of drinking beer (apart from general joi de vivre, of course).

But now, praise [...]

[Click on the hyperlinked headline for more of the goodness]... Read more »

Casey, T., & Bamforth, C. (2010) Silicon in beer and brewing. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.3884  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 10:14 PM

I say tomato…

by Anastasia Bodnar in Biofortified

Researchers at the National Institute of Plant Genome Research in India have found a surprisingly simple way to extend the shelf life of fresh tomatoes. Most tomatoes will last about 10-15 days before going unappealingly squishy. The enhanced tomatoes last 45 days or more and are firmer than unmodified tomatoes, which I imagine makes for [...]... Read more »

Meli, V., Ghosh, S., Prabha, T., Chakraborty, N., Chakraborty, S., & Datta, A. (2010) Enhancement of fruit shelf life by suppressing N-glycan processing enzymes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909329107  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 04:00 PM

Getting your thesis out there

by Lorimer Moseley in BodyInMind

We are trying to assist new Doctors of Philosophy to get their findings ‘out there’ by including them here.  We will put up a really quick summary, written by the New Doctor and, wherever possible, a link to where the thesis can be downloaded.  We think this is a good way of both supporting new [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 01:41 PM

How long does it take to get there?

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

With so many people experiencing long term pain and disability, you’d think health care providers (and funders) would be doing all they could to make sure referrals to specialist centres were made as early as possible – and yet it’s still just not happening.  I took a brief look through the referrals to our tertiary [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 12:28 PM

the evolutionary mystery of human breasts

by Greg Fish in weird things

There’s just something mysterious about breasts. No, not how entire business empires are built on the basis of showing them to a ravenous public. That’s not exactly what you’d call a mystery. The big question is why the female human breast evolved the way it is today. Is it a matter of comfort and security [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 10:28 AM

Where the wild things glow

by Lucas in thoughtomics

Brown is not the colour that springs to mind when you hear the word ‘coral’. We are more accustomed to pictures of coral reefs with more aesthetically pleasing colours, like red or purple. That’s not an accurate representation of reality though: a large part of coral species has a more brownish colouring,  due to the [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 09:54 AM

Very early autism intervention: the Early Start Denver Model

by Michelle Dawson in The Autism Crisis

Early autism intervention research carries consequences for all autistics, and for a lot of nonautistics as well. DawsonG et al. (2010) is a newly-published randomized controlled trial of a newly-developed manualized very early autism intervention and as such deserves a close look.Developed by Sally Rogers and Geraldine Dawson, the Early Start Denver Model has been the subject of a handful of previous papers, none involving anything approaching a major trial. ESDM is reported to combine the Denv........ Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 09:49 AM

Heat shocking adaptive evolution…

by Jim Caryl in mental indigestion

IN evolutionary theory there is a phenomenon known as canalisation, a process in which the phenotype (i.e. the outward physical appearance of an organism) remains invariant, despite genetic or environmental perturbations.  It suggests that a mechanism exists to buffer the phenotype from such changes, which may ultimately explain why species can remain mostly unchanged for [...]... Read more »

Specchia, V., Piacentini, L., Tritto, P., Fanti, L., D’Alessandro, R., Palumbo, G., Pimpinelli, S., & Bozzetti, M. (2010) Hsp90 prevents phenotypic variation by suppressing the mutagenic activity of transposons. Nature, 463(7281), 662-665. DOI: 10.1038/nature08739  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 07:29 AM

MM#11 Answer: Rhizochromulina: algal amoeba

by Psi Wavefunction in Skeptic Wonder

Remember this from a looooooong time ago?Rhizochromulina. Mischievously looks like a chlorarachniophyte... [source]As a warning, about the only marginally comprehensive ochrophyte phylogeny I found was in TC-S & Chao, J Mol Evol. It looks like this, and makes me want to cry:[no comment needed] (TC-S & Chao 2006 J Mol Evol)In case those names look simply alien to you, you're not alone. In fact, I wouldn't be surprised if they'd stump some phycologists. Ochrophyte phycologists. This, my fr........ Read more »

Eikrem, W, Romari, K, Latasa, M, Le Gall, F, & et al. (2004) Florenciella parvula gen. et sp. nov.(Dictyochophyceae, Heterokontophyta), a small flagellate isolated from the English Channel. Phycologia, 43(6), 658-668. info:/

  • February 7, 2010
  • 07:00 AM

Speaking in Tongues – A Neural Snapshot

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

“Asaria isa asaria ari masheetee sadabada vena amina gotaya menda meshela mosha nami ki toro ma…” Glossolalia, or speaking in tongues, has fascinated thinkers ever since the “tongues of angels” descended upon early believers as a gift from the Holy Ghost in the New Testament of the Bible. This unusual mental state, characterized by utterances that [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 06:35 AM

Beware The Clam of Forgetfulness

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Every day, PubCrawler emails to tell me about the latest papers that match various search terms. It means I never miss a relevant paper, but it also means I get told about an awful lot of irrelevant ones. Sometimes though, the title alone grabs my attention and demands a read. Such as yesterday's Risk assessment of the amnesic shellfish poison, domoic acid, on animals and humans. Shellfish causing amnesia?It turns out that there's a neurotoxin, domoic acid, which can indeed cause brain damage in........ Read more »

Kumar KP, Kumar SP, & Nair GA. (2009) Risk assessment of the amnesic shellfish poison, domoic acid, on animals and humans. Journal of environmental biology / Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 30(3), 319-25. PMID: 20120452  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 06:00 AM

Revisiting 'Autism, Vaccines, and The Oprah Effect'

by Susan Steinhardt in BioData Blogs

In June I commented on the autism - vaccine controversy and the role that Oprah had in promoting it. Seven moths later, I am revisiting this issue. 12 years ago, Andrew Wakefield and his colleagues first published his findings in The Lancet providing ‘evidence’ suggesting they had tracked down a shocking cause of autism – that being the MMR Vaccine. Last week The Lancet published a retraction of Wakefield’s paper stating that “it has become clear that several elements of the 1998 paper........ Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 12:25 AM

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy in the Scanner?

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Arrangement for psychotherapy fMRI studies using the couch of Sigmund Freud.[No not really, although the authors did stretch the implications of their findings in the Discussion...]Whether the proprietors of this blog want to admit it or not, neuropsychoanalysis appears to be a new field of study. What does psychoanalysis do to the brain? In a new Psychotherapy Research paper, Loughead et al. (2010) collected autobiographical relationship narratives from 16 healthy control participants free of a........ Read more »

  • February 6, 2010
  • 09:24 PM

Scientists at India’s NIPGR Create a Longer-Lasting Tomato (Studying The Regulation of Fruit Ripening)

by James in James and the Giant Corn

Author’s note: This would seem to be the week for vegetables I hated as a kid. Yesterday was onion, today tomato, if there’s a story about brinjal/eggplant in the next few days we’ll have hit all the big ones.
I was recently pointed to an early publication paper that went up on the Proceedings [...]... Read more »

Meli, V., Ghosh, S., Prabha, T., Chakraborty, N., Chakraborty, S., & Datta, A. (2010) Enhancement of fruit shelf life by suppressing N-glycan processing enzymes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909329107  

  • February 6, 2010
  • 07:12 PM

Emergent Conservation Issues

by Uncharted Atolls in Uncharted Atolls

A recent article (Sutherland et al. 2010) from Trends in Ecology and Evolution provides insight on several emerging research areas through a practice called ‘horizon scanning’—really, a sciency way to say that the authors shortlisted environmental issues that they collectively felt were important, merited further discussion, and could effect biodiversity.  The point is made that [...]... Read more »

Sutherland, W., Clout, M., Côté, I., Daszak, P., Depledge, M., Fellman, L., Fleishman, E., Garthwaite, R., Gibbons, D., & De Lurio, J. (2010) A horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2010. Trends in Ecology , 25(1), 1-7. DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2009.10.003  

  • February 6, 2010
  • 05:23 AM

Sternoclavicular Joint Dislocations

by sandnsurf in Life in the Fast Lane

Sternoclavicular dislocation is a relatively uncommon injury that can be easily missed or misdiagnosed. The importance in determining the direction of dislocation is emphasised by the dichotomy of management.... Read more »

Saltzman, M., Mercer, D., Bertelsen, A., Warme, W., & Matsen, III, F. (2009) Bilateral posterior sternoclavicular dislocations. Radiology Case Reports, 4(1). DOI: 10.2484/rcr.v4i1.256  

  • February 6, 2010
  • 04:47 AM

Dancing through life

by Lab Rat in Lab Rat

I'm heading off for a weekend away as soon as my other half wakes up, so no time for a proper paper analysis today, just a quick video of some algae dancing:The organisms shown above are microalgae called Volvox carteri. The large circle is a surrounding membrane which holds within it normal volvox cells (the little white spots) and larger germ line cells (the large white spots) which later hatch to form new Volvox. The reason the three cells above look like they're dancing is because they move ........ Read more »

Drescher K, Leptos KC, Tuval I, Ishikawa T, Pedley TJ, & Goldstein RE. (2009) Dancing volvox: hydrodynamic bound states of swimming algae. Physical review letters, 102(16), 168101. PMID: 19518757  

  • February 5, 2010
  • 06:09 PM

Friday Parasite: Sharing Dangers With Your Host

by Diane Kelly in Science Made Cool

Flies that parasitize crickets are targeted by the same predators.... Read more »

  • February 5, 2010
  • 04:58 PM

Does prayer make you more forgiving... and why?

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Widely reported earlier this week was a study on prayer and forgiveness. It's by the same crew that gave us the study last year on prayer and gratitude, and has (broadly speaking) the same methodological concerns (it only recruited students who already pray, and uses measures that are difficult to interpret).But, fair doos, this is an interventional study of the effects of prayer that is basically sound, and the authors deserve kudos for trying to assess this unfashionable area. So what did it s........ Read more »

Lambert, N., Fincham, F., Stillman, T., Graham, S., & Beach, S. (2009) Motivating Change in Relationships: Can Prayer Increase Forgiveness?. Psychological Science, 21(1), 126-132. DOI: 10.1177/0956797609355634  

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