Post List

  • February 8, 2010
  • 06:00 AM

Pectoralis Minor Stretch

by Mike Reinold in

The Best Stretch for the Pectoralis Minor?
This post came about from some of the live Q&A that we had following my webinar last week on “assessing asymmetry in the overhead athlete – does asymmetry mean pathology?” (the webinar is now recorded and available for download if you couldn't make the live session).  We discussed some asymmetries with the scapula and talked about stretching the pectoralis minor.  I thought this would be...


... Read more »

Borstad, J., & Ludewig, P. (2006) Comparison of three stretches for the pectoralis minor muscle. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 15(3), 324-330. DOI: 10.1016/j.jse.2005.08.011  

  • February 8, 2010
  • 05:00 AM

Urban airports, a key refuge for insect conservation

by Rob Goldstein in Conservation Maven

... Read more »

  • February 8, 2010
  • 04:51 AM

MapReduce goes evolutionary

by Abhishek Tiwari in Fisheye Perspective

Scientists from Texas A&M University have developed a new algorithm MrsRF (MapReduce Speeds up Robinson-Foulds) for analyzing large collection of evolutionary trees using MapReduce framework. Matthews et. al, have used their MapReduce algorithm to compute all-to-all Robinson-Foulds (RF) distance matrix on multi-core computing platforms. Calculation of all possible Robinson-Foulds distance pairs is a computationally intensive task. The results show that a significant speedup can be achieved ........ Read more »

  • February 8, 2010
  • 04:30 AM

How framing affects our thought processes

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

A take-away restaurant near my house offers customers free home delivery or a ten per cent discount if you pick up. It sounds much better than saying you get no discount for picking up and suffer a ten per cent fee for delivery – this is the power of ‘framing’. Now David Hardisty and colleagues have dug a little deeper into framing, to show first, that these kinds of effects can interact with people's political persuasion, and second, that they can act by altering the order of people's tho........ Read more »

  • February 8, 2010
  • 03:37 AM

Bad to the bone; altered connections in the brains of psychopaths

by Kevin Mitchell in Wiring the Brain

The manipulative con-man.  The guy who lies to your face, even when he doesn’t have to.  The child who tortures animals.  The cold-blooded killer.  Psychopaths are characterised by an absence of empathy and poor impulse control, with a total lack of conscience.  About 1% of the total population can be defined as psychopaths, according to a detailed psychological profile checklist.  They tend to be egocentric, callous, manipulative, deceptive, superficial, irresponsible and parasitic, ev........ Read more »

Craig, M., Catani, M., Deeley, Q., Latham, R., Daly, E., Kanaan, R., Picchioni, M., McGuire, P., Fahy, T., & Murphy, D. (2009) Altered connections on the road to psychopathy. Molecular Psychiatry, 14(10), 946-953. DOI: 10.1038/mp.2009.40  

  • February 8, 2010
  • 02:42 AM

The Cosmological Constant and the Dark Sector

by The Astronomist in The Astronomist.

What is the phenomenology of the dark sector? That is my question. The dark sector refers to dark energy and dark matter, which are two distinct phenomena which seem to have no direct connection other than in name. In this post I am going to talk about the cosmological constant, dark energy, and look at some landmark literature on the subject. I am going to show the origin of the 10120 order of magnitude error that results from the quantum field theory prediction and cosmological observation. I ........ Read more »

Carroll, Sean M., Press, William H., & Turner, Edwin L. (1992) The cosmological constant. ARA, 499-542. info:/

Will J. Percival, Beth A. Reid, Daniel J. Eisenstein, Neta A. Bahcall, Tamas Budavari, Joshua A. Frieman, Masataka Fukugita, James E. Gunn, Zeljko Ivezic, Gillian R. Knapp.... (2009) Baryon Acoustic Oscillations in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 Galaxy Sample. MNRAS. arXiv: 0907.1660v3

  • February 8, 2010
  • 02:26 AM

The Hidden and Informal Curriculum During Medical Education

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD

Both the hidden and informal curriculum take place after or next to the theoretical teaching, the formal teaching and has an important part in the shaping of the medical students’ professionalism and professional values. Moreover, these forms of the curriculum have a major impact on the learning potential of med students. Yet little is known [...]

Related posts:Blog writing for professionalism in medical education Had an idea to use writing of a blog...
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in ........ Read more »

Karnieli-Miller O, Vu TR, Holtman MC, Clyman SG, & Inui TS. (2010) Medical students' professionalism narratives: a window on the informal and hidden curriculum. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges, 85(1), 124-33. PMID: 20042838  

  • February 8, 2010
  • 12:36 AM

Urban Uprising

by Journal Watch Online in Journal Watch Online

More city-dwellers means more deforestation

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DeFries, R.S., Rudel, T., Uriarte, M., & M. Hansen. (2010) Deforestation driven by urban population growth and agricultural trade in the twenty-first century. Nature Geoscience. info:/10.1038/NGEO756

  • February 7, 2010
  • 11:22 PM

Drink up! Beer benefits bones…

by aimee in misc.ience

I can hear the whoops of joy emanating around the world.  Joined, of course, by mine.

For years, we’ve known that a glass or two of the vino has its benefits.  However, I’ve never heard of anything particularly beneficial coming as a result of drinking beer (apart from general joi de vivre, of course).

But now, praise [...]

[Click on the hyperlinked headline for more of the goodness]... Read more »

Casey, T., & Bamforth, C. (2010) Silicon in beer and brewing. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.3884  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 10:14 PM

I say tomato…

by Anastasia Bodnar in Biofortified

Researchers at the National Institute of Plant Genome Research in India have found a surprisingly simple way to extend the shelf life of fresh tomatoes. Most tomatoes will last about 10-15 days before going unappealingly squishy. The enhanced tomatoes last 45 days or more and are firmer than unmodified tomatoes, which I imagine makes for [...]... Read more »

Meli, V., Ghosh, S., Prabha, T., Chakraborty, N., Chakraborty, S., & Datta, A. (2010) Enhancement of fruit shelf life by suppressing N-glycan processing enzymes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0909329107  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 04:00 PM

Getting your thesis out there

by Lorimer Moseley in BodyInMind

We are trying to assist new Doctors of Philosophy to get their findings ‘out there’ by including them here.  We will put up a really quick summary, written by the New Doctor and, wherever possible, a link to where the thesis can be downloaded.  We think this is a good way of both supporting new [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 01:41 PM

How long does it take to get there?

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

With so many people experiencing long term pain and disability, you’d think health care providers (and funders) would be doing all they could to make sure referrals to specialist centres were made as early as possible – and yet it’s still just not happening.  I took a brief look through the referrals to our tertiary [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 12:28 PM

the evolutionary mystery of human breasts

by Greg Fish in weird things

There’s just something mysterious about breasts. No, not how entire business empires are built on the basis of showing them to a ravenous public. That’s not exactly what you’d call a mystery. The big question is why the female human breast evolved the way it is today. Is it a matter of comfort and security [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 10:28 AM

Where the wild things glow

by Lucas in thoughtomics

Brown is not the colour that springs to mind when you hear the word ‘coral’. We are more accustomed to pictures of coral reefs with more aesthetically pleasing colours, like red or purple. That’s not an accurate representation of reality though: a large part of coral species has a more brownish colouring,  due to the [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 09:54 AM

Very early autism intervention: the Early Start Denver Model

by Michelle Dawson in The Autism Crisis

Early autism intervention research carries consequences for all autistics, and for a lot of nonautistics as well. DawsonG et al. (2010) is a newly-published randomized controlled trial of a newly-developed manualized very early autism intervention and as such deserves a close look.Developed by Sally Rogers and Geraldine Dawson, the Early Start Denver Model has been the subject of a handful of previous papers, none involving anything approaching a major trial. ESDM is reported to combine the Denv........ Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 09:49 AM

Heat shocking adaptive evolution…

by Jim Caryl in mental indigestion

IN evolutionary theory there is a phenomenon known as canalisation, a process in which the phenotype (i.e. the outward physical appearance of an organism) remains invariant, despite genetic or environmental perturbations.  It suggests that a mechanism exists to buffer the phenotype from such changes, which may ultimately explain why species can remain mostly unchanged for [...]... Read more »

Specchia, V., Piacentini, L., Tritto, P., Fanti, L., D’Alessandro, R., Palumbo, G., Pimpinelli, S., & Bozzetti, M. (2010) Hsp90 prevents phenotypic variation by suppressing the mutagenic activity of transposons. Nature, 463(7281), 662-665. DOI: 10.1038/nature08739  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 07:29 AM

MM#11 Answer: Rhizochromulina: algal amoeba

by Psi Wavefunction in Skeptic Wonder

Remember this from a looooooong time ago?Rhizochromulina. Mischievously looks like a chlorarachniophyte... [source]As a warning, about the only marginally comprehensive ochrophyte phylogeny I found was in TC-S & Chao, J Mol Evol. It looks like this, and makes me want to cry:[no comment needed] (TC-S & Chao 2006 J Mol Evol)In case those names look simply alien to you, you're not alone. In fact, I wouldn't be surprised if they'd stump some phycologists. Ochrophyte phycologists. This, my fr........ Read more »

Eikrem, W, Romari, K, Latasa, M, Le Gall, F, & et al. (2004) Florenciella parvula gen. et sp. nov.(Dictyochophyceae, Heterokontophyta), a small flagellate isolated from the English Channel. Phycologia, 43(6), 658-668. info:/

  • February 7, 2010
  • 07:00 AM

Speaking in Tongues – A Neural Snapshot

by Shaheen Lakhan in Brain Blogger

“Asaria isa asaria ari masheetee sadabada vena amina gotaya menda meshela mosha nami ki toro ma…” Glossolalia, or speaking in tongues, has fascinated thinkers ever since the “tongues of angels” descended upon early believers as a gift from the Holy Ghost in the New Testament of the Bible. This unusual mental state, characterized by utterances that [...]... Read more »

  • February 7, 2010
  • 06:35 AM

Beware The Clam of Forgetfulness

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic

Every day, PubCrawler emails to tell me about the latest papers that match various search terms. It means I never miss a relevant paper, but it also means I get told about an awful lot of irrelevant ones. Sometimes though, the title alone grabs my attention and demands a read. Such as yesterday's Risk assessment of the amnesic shellfish poison, domoic acid, on animals and humans. Shellfish causing amnesia?It turns out that there's a neurotoxin, domoic acid, which can indeed cause brain damage in........ Read more »

Kumar KP, Kumar SP, & Nair GA. (2009) Risk assessment of the amnesic shellfish poison, domoic acid, on animals and humans. Journal of environmental biology / Academy of Environmental Biology, India, 30(3), 319-25. PMID: 20120452  

  • February 7, 2010
  • 06:00 AM

Revisiting 'Autism, Vaccines, and The Oprah Effect'

by Susan Steinhardt in BioData Blogs

In June I commented on the autism - vaccine controversy and the role that Oprah had in promoting it. Seven moths later, I am revisiting this issue. 12 years ago, Andrew Wakefield and his colleagues first published his findings in The Lancet providing ‘evidence’ suggesting they had tracked down a shocking cause of autism – that being the MMR Vaccine. Last week The Lancet published a retraction of Wakefield’s paper stating that “it has become clear that several elements of the 1998 paper........ Read more »

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