Scientists have developed a practical method for assessing the resilience of coral reefs to climate change and for prioritizing local actions to help reefs survive. Jeff Maynard and fellow scientists tested the method in Keppel Bay of the southern Great Barrier Reef Marine Park and found that it can be a useful tool for conservation planning...... Read more »
Maynard, J., Marshall, P., Johnson, J., & Harman, S. (2010) Building resilience into practical conservation: identifying local management responses to global climate change in the southern Great Barrier Reef. Coral Reefs. DOI: 10.1007/s00338-010-0603-8
Did you know that the microorganisms living in and on the human body (most on the skin, in the gut, and in the mouth) outnumber all our human cells by a factor of ten? But read on before you grab the hand sanitizer and schedule a colonic, these “germs” may be an integral [...]... Read more »
Fierer, N., Lauber, C., Zhou, N., McDonald, D., Costello, E., & Knight, R. (2010) Forensic identification using skin bacterial communities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1000162107
Aphids can be a pain in the ass to gardeners and farmers. Although they look pretty harmless, they’re to plants what mosquitoes are to people and more. They transmit some pretty serious diseases which cause millions of dollars in damage per year. They’re also famous for their fecundity-they’re parthenogenic and their daughters are actually born [...]... Read more »
Oliver, K., Degnan, P., Hunter, M., & Moran, N. (2009) Bacteriophages Encode Factors Required for Protection in a Symbiotic Mutualism. Science, 325(5943), 992-994. DOI: 10.1126/science.1174463
Happy Monday. Mondays are usually pretty rough, but now they’re about to become a little bit better for you, dear reader. And that is because I’m now several months into this blogging thing, and since I seem to enjoy it, and some of you seem to enjoy it, I’m going to make an attempt at [...]... Read more »
Bekoff, M. (1995) Play Signals as Punctuation: the Structure of Social Play in Canids. Behaviour, 132(5), 419-429. DOI: 10.1163/156853995X00649
Coyle et al. (2009) discuss how the lack of appropriate preabortion counselling, and conflict over the decision-making process, can lead to distinct psychological symptoms in women, and in men.
... Read more »
Coyle, C., Coleman, P., & Rue, V. (2009) Inadequate Preabortion Counseling and Decision Conflict as Predictors of Subsequent Relationship Difficulties and Psychological Stress in Men and Women. Traumatology, 16(1), 16-30. DOI: 10.1177/1534765609347550
Apparently my friends from Notre Dame are continuing to publish at a feverish rate, because I keep stumbling onto their papers. The latest is by Rothlisberger, Chadderton, McNulty and Lodge, and is all about aquatic invasive species (full cite is below), and I think this paper really throws into question the value of education and outreach.
There are a lot of big questions out there regarding ... Read more »
Rothlisberger, J.D., Chadderton, W.L., McNulty, J., & Lodge, D.M. (2010) Aquatic invasive species transport via trailered boats: What is being moved, who is moving it, and what can be done. American Fisheries Society, 35(3), 121-132. info:/
Another week has gone by and some very interesting molbio blog posts have been aggregated to Researchblogging.org. Every week [see my opening post on the matter], I'll select some blog posts I consider particularly interesting in the field of molecular biology [see here to get a sense of the criteria that will be used], briefly describe them and list them here for you to check out.Note that I'm ... Read more »
Aziz RK, Breitbart M, & Edwards RA. (2010) Transposases are the most abundant, most ubiquitous genes in nature. Nucleic acids research. PMID: 20215432
Christodoulou, F., Raible, F., Tomer, R., Simakov, O., Trachana, K., Klaus, S., Snyman, H., Hannon, G., Bork, P., & Arendt, D. (2010) Ancient animal microRNAs and the evolution of tissue identity. Nature, 463(7284), 1084-1088. DOI: 10.1038/nature08744
Some creationists have become terribly excited by a recent paper and accompanying New Scientist article It'll come as no surprised that they have failed to understand the paper, and I'm confident that explaining the paper in a post won't...... Read more »
Venditti, C., Meade, A., & Pagel, M. (2009) Phylogenies reveal new interpretation of speciation and the Red Queen. Nature, 463(7279), 349-352. DOI: 10.1038/nature08630
Pharmacists pride themselves as being the most accessible health professionals. In community pharmacy settings, pharmacists speak with hundred of patients per day, and are available (free, and without an appointment) for quick consultations. Building good relationships is a rewarding part of being a pharmacist, and the level of trust that can develop supports open dialogue [...]... Read more »
Kata, A. (2010) A postmodern Pandora's box: Anti-vaccination misinformation on the Internet. Vaccine, 28(7), 1709-1716. DOI: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.12.022
If you were a predator trying to design the perfect food source, you’d probably want something that was slow moving, reasonably large, and had no annoying hard bits that you couldn’t really eat. In other words, it would probably looks something like a nudibranch mollusk. Nudibranchs are also known as sea slugs or sea hares, and at first glance, they look like snack packs for predators.
Of course, nudibranchs don’t take this lightly. Rather than physical defenses, they put up chemical ones........ Read more »
Nusnbaum, M., & Derby, C. (2010) Ink secretion protects sea hares by acting on the olfactory and nonolfactory chemical senses of a predatory fish. Animal Behaviour. DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2010.01.022
Blythe Williams, Richard Kay, and Christopher Kirk have published a new article in the PNAS which does a very nice job in synthesizing some new fossils and new genetic data with current hypotheses for the origins of anthropoids, the group which includes old world monkeys (catarrhines), new world monkeys (platyrrhines) and apes (hominoids).
One of the [...]... Read more »
Cancer stories seem to make the news on a daily basis. For example, just today in the UK there are stories about a gene that could predispose non-smokers to lung cancer, how infertile men are at raised risk of prostate cancer, and how testing for the HPV virus during cervical screening doesn’t help pick up [...]... Read more »
Fishman, J., Ten Have, T., & Casarett, D. (2010) Cancer and the Media: How Does the News Report on Treatment and Outcomes?. Archives of Internal Medicine, 170(6), 515-518. DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2010.11
The sight of their own blood plays a key role in the comfort that some non-suicidal people find in deliberately cutting themselves. That's according to a new study by Catherine Glenn and David Klonsky that suggests it is those self-harmers who have more serious psychological problems who are more likely to say the sight of blood is important.There are plenty of anecdotal reports hinting at the importance of the sight and taste of blood to self-harmers, as well as references in popular music. 'Ye........ Read more »
Glenn, C., & Klonsky, E. (2010) The Role of seeing blood in non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Clinical Psychology. DOI: 10.1002/jclp.20661
Anna O.'s Default Mode. Anna O. is the famous patient whose case was included in Studies on Hysteria by Josef Breuer and Sigmund Freud. Midsagittal brain image (PALS cortical surface atlas, Van Essen 2005) shows resting state functional connectivity in three cortical networks: (i) dorsal attention system (DAS, blue); (ii) the salience system (light green); and (iii) the default mode network (orange). [Taken from Fig. 2 of Carhart-Harris & Friston 2010. Justin Vincent and Randy Buckner are ........ Read more »
Carhart-Harris, R., & Friston, K. (2010) The default-mode, ego-functions and free-energy: a neurobiological account of Freudian ideas. Brain. DOI: 10.1093/brain/awq010
[Note the following post makes gratuitous use of keyboard symbols to denote adult language]
In the coolest titled paper ever “Assessing the apparent imbalance between geochemical and biochemical indicators of meso- and bathypelagic biological activity: What the @$! is wrong with present calculations of carbon budgets?” with the world’s coolest handling editor, Burd et al tackle one of the [...]... Read more »
Burd, A., Hansell, D., Steinberg, D., Anderson, T., Arístegui, J., Baltar, F., Beaupré, S., Buesseler, K., DeHairs, F., & Jackson, G. (2010) Assessing the apparent imbalance between geochemical and biochemical indicators of meso- and bathypelagic biological activity: What the @$♯! is wrong with present calculations of carbon budgets?. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. DOI: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2010.02.022
Last Tuesday the Archives of Internal Medicine released a study that anayzed the news reporting about cancer in 8 large-readership newspapers and 5 national magazines in the United States. The authors identified 2228 cancer-focused articles published between 2005-2007 and...... Read more »
Fishman J, Ten Have T, & Casarett D. (2010) Cancer and the Media: How Does the News Report on Treatment and Outcomes?. Archives of internal medicine. PMID: 20233800
...chemical signals that switch tail enhancement into overdrive include those compounds released by other tadpoles as warning pheromones during predatory attack and those molecules discharged by the predator while digesting prey-tadpole tissues. So, in other words, a predator’s attack and digestion of a conspecific tad liberates chemicals into the water that are received by other tadpoles during development; as a result, resources are directed away from ‘normal’ growth processes and are d........ Read more »
LaFiandra, E., & Babbitt, K. (2004) Predator induced phenotypic plasticity in the pinewoods tree frog, Hyla femoralis : necessary cues and the cost of development. Oecologia, 138(3), 350-359. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-003-1412-3
How willing are you to have persistent pain? Can you accept pain without fighting against it? If you were told your pain was going to be there forever, would you avoid important activities or would you start to get back into life again?
Recently I reviewed about 200 questionnaires completed by people attending the [...]... Read more »
Fish, R., McGuire, B., Hogan, M., Morrison, T., & Stewart, I. (2010) Validation of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ) in an Internet sample and development and preliminary validation of the CPAQ-8. Pain. DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.12.016
The physician-patient relationship is the cornerstone to quality medical care. A key component to this relationship is physician empathy — the ability to understand the patient’s experiences and feelings and view the world from the patient’s perspective. Empathy is so important in this day and age that medical and other health care professional schools are [...]... Read more »
Cheng, Y., Lin, C., Liu, H., Hsu, Y., Lim, K., Hung, D., & Decety, J. (2007) Expertise Modulates the Perception of Pain in Others. Current Biology, 17(19), 1708-1713. DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2007.09.020
Decety, J., Yang, C., & Cheng, Y. (2010) Physicians down-regulate their pain empathy response: An event-related brain potential study. NeuroImage. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.01.025
Mason, P., & Bartal, I. (2010) How the social brain experiences empathy: Summary of a gathering. Social Neuroscience, 1-5. DOI: 10.1080/17470911003589085
Neumann, M., Bensing, J., Mercer, S., Ernstmann, N., Ommen, O., & Pfaff, H. (2009) Analyzing the “nature” and “specific effectiveness” of clinical empathy: A theoretical overview and contribution towards a theory-based research agenda. Patient Education and Counseling, 74(3), 339-346. DOI: 10.1016/j.pec.2008.11.013
This article examines the role of physical activity and obesity. It gives a useful summary of the decline of physical activity and its relevance to obesity. It also examines the role of PA in terms of weight management and weight loss. Hills et al. (2006) has an excellent table to illustrate where declines in physical activity in daily life may come from.Population-wide declines in physical activity (modified from Brownson et al., 2005)• Leisure-time physical activity: level ........ Read more »
Hills AP, & Byrne NM. (2006) State of the science: a focus on physical activity. Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, 40-8. PMID: 16928660
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