Post List

  • November 17, 2010
  • 08:00 AM
  • 1,951 views

Diet and Physical Activity Reduces Cardiometabolic Risk in Severe Obesity

by Arya M. Sharma in Dr. Sharma's Obesity Notes

One of the important indications for weight loss in people with excess weight is to reduce their risk for cardiometabolic complication.
But, as regular readers of these pages are aware by now, diet and exercise may be of limited benefit, especially in individuals with severe obesity.
So exactly how effective are such lifestyle interventions in this population?
This [...]... Read more »

Goodpaster BH, Delany JP, Otto AD, Kuller L, Vockley J, South-Paul JE, Thomas SB, Brown J, McTigue K, Hames KC.... (2010) Effects of diet and physical activity interventions on weight loss and cardiometabolic risk factors in severely obese adults: a randomized trial. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association, 304(16), 1795-802. PMID: 20935337  

  • November 17, 2010
  • 07:32 AM
  • 1,137 views

Managing Information Risks

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management


At the moment I am looking for gaps in my reading up to now and I found that I have not read much about information risks. It also seems that those risks are not (yet?) in focus, neither in research nor business. So I was happy to find "Information risks management in supply chains: an assessment and mitigation framework" by Faisal, Banwet and Shankar.

Topic / Methodology
The purpose of the paper is to provide a framework for the management of information risks, and to device a way to meas........ Read more »

  • November 17, 2010
  • 07:00 AM
  • 1,452 views

Social networking extends battery life

by David Bradley in Sciencetext

A new approach to social networking for mobile devices, such as tablet PCs and smart phones could improve the user experience as well as making connecting with contacts more efficient. The approach could also boost battery life by up to 70% by making use of shared data between users that are in the same location. [...]Post from: David Bradley's Sciencetext Tech TalkSocial networking extends battery life
... Read more »

Rebeka Belavic, Marko Basuga, Vedran Podobnik, Ana Petric, & Ignac Lovrek. (2010) Agent-based social networking for mobile user. Int. J. Intelligent Information and Database Systems, 4(6), 599-628. info:/

  • November 17, 2010
  • 06:30 AM
  • 7,317 views

The RAD-57 Pulse Co-Oximeter – Does It Work – Part II

by Rogue Medic in Rogue Medic

Should anyone ever use a low RAD-57 reading to justify returning a fire fighter to a fire?

No.

Sending a fire fighter, with a not-yet-detected elevated COHb, back into the fire is probably only sending that fire fighter back into the same environment that produced the not-yet-detected elevated COHb.

This is not the way to make good things happen.... Read more »

  • November 17, 2010
  • 06:00 AM
  • 1,374 views

New Podcast: The fetal origins of later obesity

by Travis Saunders, MSc, CEP in Obesity Panacea

Image by euthman
Earlier this week I discussed the results of an interesting paper which suggested that obesity surgery in women could reduce the risk of obesity in their future children.  It generated some excellent discussion in the comments, with a few people expressing skepticism over the importance of the physiological mechanisms described in the paper (the discussion is ongoing, so feel free to head-over and share your two cents).  As luck would have it, I recently interviewed my friend........ Read more »

McMillen, Rattanatray, Duffield, Morrison, MacLaughlin, Gentili, & Muhlhausler. (2009) The Early Origins of Later Obesity: Pathways and Mechanisms . Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. info:/10.1007/978-1-4020-9173-5_8

  • November 17, 2010
  • 06:00 AM
  • 639 views

A History of Mental Illness: Part 1 - The Gods Were At Work

by John Wayland in The Darwin Tribune

We've all heard the famous line "Those whom the Gods destroy, they first make mad". The author of this line is often debated. Some maintain it was written by Euripides, a Greek playwright who wrote famous tragedies (plays that explore human suffering).The version used here and often quoted, appears in Daniel Anderson Scott's 'Daniel: A Model for Young Men' on page 248.Whatever its origin, throughout the centuries man has believed that mental illness was the result of the........ Read more »

Porter, R. (2002) Gods and demons. Madness: A Brief History, 10-33. info:other/0-19-280267-4

Retief FP, & Cilliers L. (2007) Mesopotamian medicine. South African medical journal , 97(1), 27-30. PMID: 17378276  

Stone, S. (1937) Psychiatry through the ages. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 32(2), 131-160. DOI: 10.1037/h0058883  

  • November 17, 2010
  • 05:50 AM
  • 999 views

Homozygosity runs in the family (or not)

by Razib Khan in Gene Expression

The number 1 gets a lot more press than -1, and the concept of heterozygosity gets more attention than homozygosity. Concretely the difference between the latter two is rather straightforward. In diploid organisms the genes come in duplicates. If the alleles are the same, then they’re homozygous. If they’re different, then they’re heterozygous. Sex chromosomes [...]... Read more »

Mirna Kirin, Ruth McQuillan, Christopher S. Franklin, Harry Campbell, Paul M. McKeigue, & James F. Wilson. (2010) Genomic Runs of Homozygosity Record Population History and Consanguinity. PLoS ONE. info:/10.1371/journal.pone.0013996

  • November 17, 2010
  • 04:03 AM
  • 978 views

Effects of anxiety on memory in young children

by SAGE Insight in SAGE Insight

Effects of anxiety on memory storage and updating in young children From International Journal of Behavioral Development This paper presents the findings of studies that tested the visual and verbal short term memory of young children. The test on visual memory did not reveal anxiety levels had any significant influence, however the results for verbal [...]... Read more »

Visu-Petra, L., Cheie, L., Benga, O., & Packiam Alloway, T. (2010) Effects of anxiety on memory storage and updating in young children. International Journal of Behavioral Development. DOI: 10.1177/0165025410368945  

  • November 17, 2010
  • 04:00 AM
  • 1,016 views

Lunar lost and found

by Emma in we are all in the gutter

Forty years ago today the Lunokhod-1 lunar rover landed on the Moon. This Soviet mission was the first remote controlled robot to operate outside Earth and it spent an impressive 11 months pottering around up there exploring the Mare Imbrium, even though, as you can see from the picture at the top of this post, [...]... Read more »

T. W. Murphy Jr, E. G. Adelberger, J. B. R. Battat, C. D. Hoyle, N. H. Johnson, R. J. McMillan, E. L. Michelsen, C. W. Stubbs, & H. E. Swanson. (2010) Laser Ranging to the Lost Lunokhod~1 Reflector. submitted to Icarus. arXiv: 1009.5720v2

  • November 17, 2010
  • 01:21 AM
  • 1,576 views

Gratitude among married couples

by Dr Shock in Dr Shock MD PhD


When did you lastly thank your spouse? Gratitude is an excellent booster for your relationship, it improves the other well being both psychologically as well as physically. It gives him or her more satisfaction, and activates pro-social behavior. So go and do it.
An individual who expresses gratitude is not only providing a positive expression to [...]


Related posts:Netiquette within married couples
Marriage and Depression
Personality and Retirement
... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:53 PM
  • 545 views

The Wednesday Post (17/11/2010)

by thomastu in Disease Prone

Staying with the non-diseasey theme… Love intestines, but hate the smell of poop? Add coriander! People eat some strange things. Pigs’ large intestines in the form of the soul food “chitterlings” is one of them. Unsurprisingly the cooking of faeces-containing … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:53 PM
  • 406 views

The Wednesday Post (17/11/2010)

by Thomas Tu in Disease of the week!

Staying with the non-diseasey theme… Love intestines, but hate the smell of poop? Add coriander! People eat some strange things. Pigs’ large intestines in the form of the soul food “chitterlings” is one of them. Unsurprisingly the cooking of faeces-containing … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:39 PM
  • 1,196 views

A Brush with Madness

by Kristopher Hite in Tom Paine's Ghost







I'm giving myself ten minutes to do this. To write whatever storms into my mind then hit post.

I think the archaic revival might run into some barriers. Like starvation, no communication, and other electrical difficulties if it embraces the Abbey-esque Luddite philosophy entirely.

As much as I want to get onto that other boat I think I will just slip between the hulls and end up swimming by myself among the sea-monsters, bullets whizzing past my head with bubbles trailing behind in dark ........ Read more »

Sedel F, Baumann N, Turpin JC, Lyon-Caen O, Saudubray JM, & Cohen D. (2007) Psychiatric manifestations revealing inborn errors of metabolism in adolescents and adults. Journal of inherited metabolic disease, 30(5), 631-41. PMID: 17694356  

Rose FC. (2006) Van Gogh's madness. International review of neurobiology, 253-69. PMID: 16730519  

Altintoprak AE, Ersel M, & Bayrakci A. (2009) An unusual suicide attempt: a case with psychosis during an acute porphyric attack. European journal of emergency medicine : official journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine, 16(2), 106-8. PMID: 19262206  

Mandoki MW, & Sumner GS. (1994) Psychiatric manifestations of hereditary coproporphyria in a child. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 182(2), 117-8. PMID: 8308532  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 09:05 PM
  • 709 views

Re-Evaluating Ancient Beavers

by Andrew Farke in The Open Source Paleontologist

Beavers are some of the most distinctive (and largest) rodents around today. Two species of the extant beaver, Castor, are found throughout the northern hemisphere, and these animals have an enormous effect on their landscapes. Beavers are perhaps most famous for their dam-building activities, altering the flow of streams and generating valuable wetlands used by other animals. Surely, the impact of this group extends far back in geological time.Many early beavers were fossorial, or burrowing, wi........ Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 08:25 PM
  • 1,324 views

Monkeys and Uncles

by Laelaps in Laelaps

During the long wind-up to this autumn’s congressional elections, hardly a week went by without a gaffe by Delaware tea partier and Sarah Palin-wannabe Christine O’Donnell. The sharp-tongued political commentator Bill Maher seemed to have an entire stockpile of embarrassing clips from when O’Donnell – then president of the conservative advocacy group the Savior’s Alliance [...]... Read more »

Meikle, W., & Scott, E. (2010) Why Are There Still Monkeys?. Evolution: Education and Outreach, 3(4), 573-575. DOI: 10.1007/s12052-010-0293-2  

Zalmout, I., Sanders, W., MacLatchy, L., Gunnell, G., Al-Mufarreh, Y., Ali, M., Nasser, A., Al-Masari, A., Al-Sobhi, S., Nadhra, A.... (2010) New Oligocene primate from Saudi Arabia and the divergence of apes and Old World monkeys. Nature, 466(7304), 360-364. DOI: 10.1038/nature09094  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 07:09 PM
  • 627 views

This is no Picnic – Seasonal Migration of American Black Bears is a Complicated Business

by Dr. Carin Bondar in Dr. Carin Bondar - Biologist With a Twist

Organisms in search of favourable conditions commonly undertake long-distance migrations.  Birds, whales and sea turtles come to mind as typical species that spend a good deal of time on the move; however, there are many animals that undertake seasonal movements to a lesser extent.  Black bears (Ursus americanus) are not recognized as typical ‘round-trip’ migrators, [...]... Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 05:05 PM
  • 817 views

Gut flora is mostly influenced by species, not diet

by Colby in nutsci.org

Do diet and other environmental factors largely influence microbial composition in the gut, or is this mostly determined by the species of the host? This is a question that has supportive research on each side, but a new paper by … Continue reading →... Read more »

Howard Ochman, Michael Worobey, Chih-Horng Kuo, Jean-Bosco N. Ndjango, Martine Peeters, Beatrice H. Hahn, & Philip Hugenholtz. (2010) Evolutionary Relationships of Wild Hominids Recapitulated by Gut Microbial Communities . PLoS Biology. info:/

  • November 16, 2010
  • 05:03 PM
  • 720 views

Winter active bumblebees

by Africa Gomez in BugBlog

We had our first frost yesterday, and it was also a frosty morning today. But coming back home this afternoon, with the light already going weaker, I came across a Tree Bumblebee, Bombus hypnorum feeding on a large Mahonia bush. I have posted before on this bumblebee, a recent natural colonist in the U.K. In the last two decades, reports of winter active bumblebees - mostly Bombus terrestris - have steadily been accumulating, especially in the south of Britain. Queen bumblebe........ Read more »

  • November 16, 2010
  • 03:52 PM
  • 789 views

You are your brand label

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

The last post, on how people find secular alternatives to fill one particular emotional need traditionally fulfilled by religion (the need to feel in control), set me to thinking about another study that was published earlier this year.

The study looked at brands, which are a powerful form of self expression. People use brands to send signals about personality and wealth. Many people are, in a very real sense, defined by their brands.

Religion, too, provides a powerful sense of identity. Whe........ Read more »

Shachar, R., Erdem, T., Cutright, K., & Fitzsimons, G. (2010) Brands: The Opiate of the Nonreligious Masses?. Marketing Science. DOI: 10.1287/mksc.1100.0591  

  • November 16, 2010
  • 03:35 PM
  • 2,338 views

Brain MRI White Matter Intensities: Clinical Significance

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

T2 White Matter Hyperintensity (Mild left, Extensive right)Novel imaging findings emerge with the advancement of imaging techniques.  Commonly, the meaning of new imaging findings is unknown until further clinical research provides answers.  This situation describes the finding of white matter intensities on brain magnetic resonance imaging.  White matter intensities are relatively common in the aging brain as well as with a variety of clinical disorders.  Two manuscripts pro........ Read more »

Murray, M., Senjem, M., Petersen, R., Hollman, J., Preboske, G., Weigand, S., Knopman, D., Ferman, T., Dickson, D., & Jack, C. (2010) Functional Impact of White Matter Hyperintensities in Cognitively Normal Elderly Subjects. Archives of Neurology, 67(11), 1379-1385. DOI: 10.1001/archneurol.2010.280  

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