Clinical neuroscience conditions represent a heterogeneous group of conditions with varying contributions from genetic and environmental influences. It has been common to view some of these conditions under the disease model presumed to represent a specific pathophysiology, tissue pathology (i.e. Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease). Other conditions have been classified as representing primarily a disorder of behavior (i.e. anorexia nevosa, substance use disorders).The dis........ Read more »
Bienvenu OJ, Davydow DS, & Kendler KS. (2011) Psychiatric 'diseases' versus behavioral disorders and degree of genetic influence. Psychological medicine, 41(1), 33-40. PMID: 20459884
It seems sensible and seductive to suggest that child abuse causes mental disorder and that mental disorder aggravates the risk for male suicide. However, contrary to what Mandelli et al. (2010) might argue here, I would protest that attempting to squeeze such a multi-faceted and fluid problematic into a thimble is a circus trick beyond reason. ... Read more »
Mandelli L, Carli V, Roy A, Serretti A, & Sarchiapone M. (2010) The influence of childhood trauma on the onset and repetition of suicidal behavior: An investigation in a high risk sample of male prisoners. Journal of psychiatric research. PMID: 21115183
This article reminds me of the last time I spent 2 years obstinately trying to prove a point! Why? Mainly because I just received, hot off the press, this very article in which our team in Perth describes what we consider to be a really great way of approaching modern health care! One might also [...]... Read more »
Davies S, Quintner J, Parsons R, Parkitny L, Knight P, Forrester E, Roberts M, Graham C, Visser E, Antill T.... (2010) Preclinic Group Education Sessions Reduce Waiting Times and Costs at Public Pain Medicine Units. Pain medicine (Malden, Mass.). PMID: 21087401
... and what to do about it.
Decisions within a company are not made on pure rational grounds. Assuming that there is the will to make a rational decision, nevertheless limits in information gathering, computing capabilities and memory lead to irrational conclusions (bounded rationality).
So the goal must be to enhance rational decision making and for this end Kaufmann et al. (2009) developed a framework to combat irrationality.
The authors use case studies to analyze companie........ Read more »
Kaufmann, L., Michel, A., & Carter, C.R. (2009) Debiasing Strategies in Supply Management Decision-Making. Journal of Business Logistics, 30(1), 85-106. info:/
Today, the Royal Society published my article reviewing the invertebrate data supporting a scientific concept of free will. In it, I first reiterate that the metaphysical concept of free will is long dead (since the 1970s). Then I emphasize that determinism has been dead for even longer (basically since quantum mechanics). Finally, I propose that the ability to behave differently in identical circumstances forms the basis for a scientific concept of free will. Basically, IMHO, free will is a bi........ Read more »
Björn Brembs. (2010) Towards a scientific concept of free will as a biological trait: spontaneous actions and decision-making in invertebrates. Proc. R. Soc. B. info:/
PDF de mon article "'Petites boîtes' et individualisme en réseau. Les usages socialisants du Web en débat", tout juste paru dans Les Annales des Mines, série Réalités Industrielles (novembre 2010).... Read more »
Antonio A. Casilli. (2010) "'Petites boîtes' et individualisme en réseau. Les usages socialisants du Web en débat". Annales des Mines (série "Réalités Industrielles"), 216(4), 54-59. info:/
Following this year’s Nobel prize in physics to Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, the relevance of graphene hardly needs to be stated. Graphene-based devices have a real potential owing to the material’s unique electronic properties. If graphene, which is metallic, is cut into small pieces it becomes semiconducting and could be used as a transistor. [...]... Read more »
With the rapid expansion of next-generation sequencing, there has been speculation that the backbone technology of older genomic sequencing, large-insert cloning (e.g., using bacterial artificial chromosomes [BACs]) would become less important. However, in many laboratories, BAC libraries still play a role in sequencing and gene expression studies.
In a recent study, Okada et al. screened a library created in the CopyControl™ BAC Cloning Kit (Hind III cloning-ready vector) to study the mechan........ Read more »
Okada, K. et al. (2010) Related polymorphic F-box protein genes between haplotypes clustering in the BAC contig sequences around the S-RNase of Japanese pear. Journal of Experimental Botany. DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erq381
I’ve mentioned Graphene a few times in the blog and I wanted to spend some time explaining what sort of things people are doing with it, why it’s worthy of a Nobel Prize, and why it’s just plain cool! In fact, check out this picture: Read more below for additional reasons why graphene is awesome… [...]... Read more »
Novoselov, K. (2004) Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films. Science, 306(5696), 666-669. DOI: 10.1126/science.1102896
Bae, S., Kim, H., Lee, Y., Xu, X., Park, J., Zheng, Y., Balakrishnan, J., Lei, T., Ri Kim, H., Song, Y.... (2010) Roll-to-roll production of 30-inch graphene films for transparent electrodes. Nature Nanotechnology, 5(8), 574-578. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.132
Seol, J., Jo, I., Moore, A., Lindsay, L., Aitken, Z., Pettes, M., Li, X., Yao, Z., Huang, R., Broido, D.... (2010) Two-Dimensional Phonon Transport in Supported Graphene. Science, 328(5975), 213-216. DOI: 10.1126/science.1184014
Lin, Y., Dimitrakopoulos, C., Jenkins, K., Farmer, D., Chiu, H., Grill, A., & Avouris, P. (2010) 100-GHz Transistors from Wafer-Scale Epitaxial Graphene. Science, 327(5966), 662-662. DOI: 10.1126/science.1184289
I’m pleased to announce that the Fall 2010 issue of NISO‘s International Standards Quarterly (ISQ) is done and available online to NISO members and ISQ subscribers. Print copies are scheduled to be mailed on December 28th. The individual issue is available for purchase (see the form link to on the issue homepage), and some of [...]Post from: Disruptive Library Technology Jester“Do More … With Someone Else” — Guest Editor Introduction to NISO ISQ Fall Issue ... Read more »
Murray, Peter E. (2010) Do More .. With Someone Else. International Standards Quarterly, 22(4), 3-3. info:/10.3789/isqv22n4.2010.01
When you are having a bad day, often you want support from your friends–but at the same time you just want to be left alone. New research published in Psychological ... Read more »
Howland, M., & Simpson, J.A. (2010) Getting in Under the Radar: A Dyadic View of Invisible Support. Psychological Science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science/ APS. PMID: 21097721
This week a video entry with a clip of the Dutch tv program Vrije Geluiden: Last Sunday prof. Erik Scherder (Free University Amsterdam) explained some recent research (by, e.g., Hyde et al., 2009) on the influence of music performance and music listening on brain plasticity. The full episode can be viewed here (N.B. no subtitles).Hyde, K., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Evans, A., & Schlaug, G. (2009). Musical Training Shapes Structural Brain Development Journal of Neurosci........ Read more »
Hyde, K., Lerch, J., Norton, A., Forgeard, M., Winner, E., Evans, A., & Schlaug, G. (2009) Musical Training Shapes Structural Brain Development. Journal of Neuroscience, 29(10), 3019-3025. DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.5118-08.2009
It's only a couple of weeks since my massive coverage of video games research, but another interesting article has come up on the topic. This time - an exploration of personality as it can be used to explain attraction to violent video games.... Read more »
Chory, R., & Goodboy, A. (2010) Is Basic Personality Related to Violent and Non-Violent Video Game Play and Preferences?. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2147483647. DOI: 10.1089/cyber.2010.0076
So, picture this: you’re at a friend’s holiday party, full of good cheer. Maybe you have a drink in hand, you’re laughing and catching up with people, swinging regularly by the candlelit dining room table, which is overflowing with the most glorious food: cheeses you can’t pronounce, fancy little appetizers nestled in puff pastry, shrimp [...]... Read more »
Yanovski, J., Yanovski, S., Sovik, K., Nguyen, T., O'Neil, P., & Sebring, N. (2000) A Prospective Study of Holiday Weight Gain. New England Journal of Medicine, 342(12), 861-867. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM200003233421206
For humans, sleep deprivation has a negative impact on performance in many areas, such as motor and communication skills. In particular, communication impairment is the topic of an article published yesterday in . But the research in this paper isn’t … Continue reading →... Read more »
Barrett A. Klein, Arno Klein, Margaret K. Wray, Ulrich G. Mueller, Thomas D. Seeley. (2010) Sleep deprivation impairs precision of waggle dance signaling in honey bees. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. info:/10.1073/pnas.1009439108
Today I’m delighted to announce that we have a guest post from Adam Bristol, Ph.D, who works for Aquilo Capital Management in San Francisco. Adam helps to manage a life sciences investment fund, where they invest in new drug discovery … Continue reading →... Read more »
Komarov PG, Komarova EA, Kondratov RV, Christov-Tselkov K, Coon JS, Chernov MV, & Gudkov AV. (1999) A chemical inhibitor of p53 that protects mice from the side effects of cancer therapy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 285(5434), 1733-7. PMID: 10481009
Maclean, K., Dorsey, F., Cleveland, J., & Kastan, M. (2008) Targeting lysosomal degradation induces p53-dependent cell death and prevents cancer in mouse models of lymphomagenesis. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 118(1), 79-88. DOI: 10.1172/JCI33700
One of the suggested ways to address weight-bias and discrimination amongst health professionals could be to teach medical students more about the genetic determinants of excess weight.
But will this really reduce weight bias?
This question was now addressed by Persky and Eccleston from the US National Institutes of Health in a study just published in the [...]... Read more »
Persky S, & Eccleston CP. (2010) Impact of Genetic Causal Information on Medical Students' Clinical Encounters with an Obese Virtual Patient: Health Promotion and Social Stigma. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine. PMID: 21136226
by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room
In 1992, Sade sang ‘Smooth Operator’. Almost two decades later we have research confirming that a smooth talker wins the day still. Put more bluntly—style trumps substance (particularly when that substance is delivered poorly). We say we want information, but really we want infotainment. Todd Rogers and Michael Norton (both at Harvard) showed participants different [...]
Related posts:Questions, rabbit trails and how to know when a bear is “disturbed”
When identifying punishment—........ Read more »
With the advance of nanomedicine, bio-nanotechnology, and molecular biology, researchers require tools that allow them to work on a single cell level. These tools are required to probe individual cells, monitor their processes, and control/alter their functions through nanosurgery procedures and injection of drugs, DNA etc. - all without damaging the cells, of course. Researchers have now developed a multifunctional endoscope-like device, using individual CNTs for prolonged intracellular probing........ Read more »
Singhal, R., Orynbayeva, Z., Kalyana Sundaram, R., Niu, J., Bhattacharyya, S., Vitol, E., Schrlau, M., Papazoglou, E., Friedman, G., & Gogotsi, Y. (2010) Multifunctional carbon-nanotube cellular endoscopes. Nature Nanotechnology. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.241
Psychologists investigating two (non-BP) deep-water, offshore oil rigs in the Gulf of Mexico have applauded the working-practices they observed, claiming they allowed the predominantly male workforce to 'undo' gender - that is, to stop pursuing a counter-productive, masculine ideal.
Setting the scene in their new paper, Robin Ely and Debra Meyerson argue that dangerous work-places have traditionally encouraged male staff to 'do gender' by demonstrating physical prowess, taking risks, conc........ Read more »
Ely, R., & Meyerson, D. (2010) An organizational approach to undoing gender: The unlikely case of offshore oil platforms. Research in Organizational Behavior, 3-34. DOI: 10.1016/j.riob.2010.09.002
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