In times of financial difficulties, health reporters are usually the first to be let go. This is especially true if they actually know something about health (it makes them more expensive). Financial cutbacks mean that media outlets have to rely on news agencies or have non-specialist journalists report health. The authors of "Does it matter who writes medical news stories" are familiar with such problems (and their consequences), since they are reviewers of health news stories for the Australia........ Read more »
Oil is formed from hydrocarbons: organic compounds which consist soley of the elements hydrogen and carbon. There are many, many different types of hydrocarbons, all of varying lengths and shapes, and pretty much all of them can in some way be consumed as an energy source by bacteria.Hydrocarbons, in both ring and chain form, taken from a mix of sourcesThe general rule is that the shorter and fewer rings present, the more toxic the compound to bacteria (ethalon, for example, is deadly) however t........ Read more »
Lena Ciric. (2010) A natural solution: how bacterial communities can help clean up oil spills. Microbiology Today, 229-231. info:other/
Sometimes it pays to blow the dust off those old archives. An Italian research team has been able to reconstruct how fish stocks in the Northern Adriatic Sea have changed over the last 200 years thanks to a creative method for transforming the diaries of long-dead naturalists and fishmongers into crunchable data. These long-ignored “eyewitness […] Read More »... Read more »
Fortibuoni, T., Libralato, S., Raicevich, S., Giovanardi, O., & Solidoro, C. (2010) Coding Early Naturalists' Accounts into Long-Term Fish Community Changes in the Adriatic Sea (1800–2000). PLoS ONE, 5(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015502
Today being Thanksgiving, it's pretty reasonable to assume (if you live in the U.S.) that you will likely be sitting down to a large meal involving lots of turkey, stuffing, and cranberry sauce. It is also pretty likely, that somewhere in the house, football games will be on the television. Which brings us to one of the quintessential questions in football: It's 4th down, your team is on the opposing team's 30 yard line and they have only one yard to go to get a first down. Sho........ Read more »
Romer, D. (2006) Do Firms Maximize? Evidence from Professional Football. Journal of Political Economy, 114(2), 340-365. DOI: 10.1086/501171
Normal 0 false false false EN-GB X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 ... Read more »
Haack, R., Hérard, F., Sun, J., & Turgeon, J. (2010) Managing invasive populations of Asian longhorned beetle and Citrus longhorned beetle: a wWorldwide perspective. Annual Review of Entomology, 55(1), 521-546. DOI: 10.1146/annurev-ento-112408-085427
The proposition that “all the organic beings which have ever lived on this earth descended from some one primordial form”, first put forward by Darwin, and central to modern evolutionary theory, is a commonly held biological view.An attempt by Douglas Theobald, described in a letter to Nature as a ‘formal test’ of the universal common ancestry (UCA) hypothesis, stirred considerable interest recently - whilst the universality of the genetic code and evidence from comparative genomics prov........ Read more »
Theobald, D. L. (2010) A formal test of the theory of universal common ancestry. Nature, 465(7295), 219-222. DOI: 10.1038/nature09014
Announcing that neuroscience writer Jonah Lehrer had been listed as one of Salon's sexiest men of 2010, psychologist and uber-blogger Vaughan Bell joked that an aftershave would soon follow. Vaughan was referring, of course, to the widespread tendency for marketeers to use beautiful people to promote products. The rationale of the tactic is obvious. By pairing a product with an attractive model, hopefully people will come to find the product attractive too. A new study by Debra Trampe and collea........ Read more »
Trampe, D., Stapel, D., Siero, F., & Mulder, H. (2010) Beauty as a tool: The effect of model attractiveness, product relevance, and elaboration likelihood on advertising effectiveness. Psychology and Marketing, 27(12), 1101-1121. DOI: 10.1002/mar.20375
Today, the New England Journal of Medicine publishes the results of a large European multicentre trial called the Diet, Obesity, and Genes (DIOGENES) Project, showing that eating slightly more protein and slightly fewer high-glycemic-index foods may make it easier to keep weight off.... Read more »
Larsen TM, Dalskov SM, van Baak M, Jebb SA, Papadaki A, Pfeiffer AF, Martinez JA, Handjieva-Darlenska T, Kunešová M, Pihlsgård M.... (2010) Diets with high or low protein content and glycemic index for weight-loss maintenance. The New England journal of medicine, 363(22), 2102-13. PMID: 21105792
Until the last century, astronomy had one very practical purpose, navigation. Ancient mariners used stars such as the North Star and the Southern Cross to work out where in the ocean they were. With the advent of modern methods (the most up to date of which is GPS) navigating by the stars fell by the wayside. Now a new method that combines the ancient idea of stellar aids to navigation with some of the principles of GPS has been suggested to accurately determine the position of spacecraft, and i........ Read more »
Mike Georg Bernhardt, Tobias Prinz, Werner Becker, & Ulrich Walter. (2010) Timing X-ray Pulsars with Application to Spacecraft Navigation. Proceedings of Science. arXiv: 1011.5095v1
Phil Jones has put on weight again. He must also not take drugs anymore; he looks almost as healthy as a year ago. In general, he believes the worst is behind him. This you can read at the first anniversary … Continue reading →... Read more »
Special issue From European Journal Of Criminology This ‘criminal careers’ special issue showcases some of the best studies by respected European researchers exploring engagement in crime over the life course. Attention to the subject has been prompted by renewed interest in why people stop offending, and the processes by which they are rehabilitated or resettled [...]... Read more »
Farrall, S. (2010) European criminal careers research: an introduction to the special issue. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 419-423. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376566
Galloway, T., & Skardhamar, T. (2010) Does parental income matter for onset of offending?. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 424-441. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376569
Savolainen, J., Hurtig, T., Ebeling, H., Moilanen, I., Hughes, L., & Taanila, A. (2010) Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and criminal behaviour: the role of adolescent marginalization. European Journal of Criminology, 7(6), 442-459. DOI: 10.1177/1477370810376568
What defines a crisis? Are there different types of crises? In this article, crises are classified according to how predictable and influenceable they are. This generates four types of crises: Conventional, Unexpected, Intractable and Fundamental crisis. » Read more » » »
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This is part of a title of a commentary in the JAMA. Would have reacted in the JAMA but found my blog more appropriate. The subtitle is a neurobiological perspective. This commentary does provide an update on the neurobiological findings on empathy but they’re not new and can also be read on this blog. What [...]
Related posts:Patient Doctor Relationship Series: Empathy
Patient Doctor Relationship: Can We Teach Empathy at Med School?
Empathy for the Mentally Ill in Medical Education
... Read more »
Riess, H. (2010) Empathy in Medicine--A Neurobiological Perspective. JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, 304(14), 1604-1605. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2010.1455
A group of nearly 150 scientists has signed a statement about brominated and chlorinated flame retardants (BFRs and CFRs), essentially asking for some serious thought to be given about whether we really need to be using them the way we are. BFRs and CFRs have been used in a wide range of products due to [...]... Read more »
DiGangi, J., Blum, A., Bergman, �., de Wit, C., Lucas, D., Mortimer, D., Schecter, A., Scheringer, M., Shaw, S., & Webster, T. (2010) San Antonio Statement on Brominated and Chlorinated Flame Retardants. Environmental Health Perspectives, 118(12). DOI: 10.1289/ehp.1003089
This PNAS article shows the effects of serotonin on moral decision making.... Read more »
Crockett MJ, Clark L, Hauser MD, & Robbins TW. (2010) Serotonin selectively influences moral judgment and behavior through effects on harm aversion. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(40), 17433-8. PMID: 20876101
Quick review. In the 19th century once the idea that humans were derived from non-human ancestral species was injected into the bloodstream of the intellectual classes there was an immediate debate as to the location of the proto-human homeland; the Urheimat of us all. Charles Darwin favored Africa, but in many ways this ran against the [...]... Read more »
Jinchuan Xing, W Scott Watkins, Ya Hu, Chad D Huff, Aniko Sabo, Donna M Muzny, Michael J Bamshad, Richard A Gibbs, Lynn B Jorde, & Fuli Yu. (2010) Genetic diversity in India and the inference of Eurasian population expansion. Genome Biology. info:/10.1186/gb-2010-11-11-r113
Picture a manly male. He's a little aggressive, the first to initiate courtship. And of course he's got a nice row of sexcombs to go with that black patch on his abdomen.
What female could resist a stud like that?
Courtship in flies involves a series of well-documented behaviors, mostly initiated by the male.... Read more »
Fernández, M., Chan, Y., Yew, J., Billeter, J., Dreisewerd, K., Levine, J., & Kravitz, E. (2010) Pheromonal and Behavioral Cues Trigger Male-to-Female Aggression in Drosophila. PLoS Biology, 8(11). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000541
If an extended surface is determined to be smooth via acoustic signaling, echolocating bats innately view it as water, often overriding other sensory cues.... Read more »
Greif, S., & Siemers, B. M. (2010) Innate recognition of water bodies in echolocating bats. Nature Communications, 1(8), 107. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1110
Have you ever heard a song on the radio that you recognize but you can’t pinpoint the name of the song? From personal experience, I know this happens to me a lot! I can hear a song on the radio and know I have heard it before but I cannot recall the name the song. It is common for people to recognize a song but how much or how little of the song do you need to hear to recognize it? Do you think you could recognize a song if you just heard a fragment of the song, the rhythm or if you just h........ Read more »
Kostic B, & Cleary AM. (2009) Song recognition without identification: when people cannot "name that tune" but can recognize it as familiar. Journal of experimental psychology. General, 138(1), 146-59. PMID: 19203174
Even still, we tend to think of the turkey as a fairly unintelligent bird, skilled at little more than waddling around, emitting the occasional "gobble," and frying up golden-brown-and-delicious. But...what if I told you that the domestic turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) could actually be quite clever, at least when it comes to social cognition? Apocryphal or not, Ben Franklin may have been on to something with the "Bird of Courage."
Head on over to Scientific American to catch my latest contribu........ Read more »
Buchwalder, T. (2003) A brief report on aggressive interactions within and between groups of domestic turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo). Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 84(1), 75-80. DOI: 10.1016/S0168-1591(03)00149-7
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