Post List

  • January 31, 2011
  • 02:15 PM

Chronic back pain: Behavioural treatments sent to the naughty step?

by Lorimer Moseley in BodyInMind

We have written a fair amount here about back pain. We’ve criticised some of the information patients get, shown how data has undermined many widely held beliefs about back pain (here and here), and acknowledged the rather desperate state of the evidence in terms of treatment efficacy. It is becoming more popular to see back [...]... Read more »

Henschke N, Ostelo RWJG, van Tulder MW, Vlaeyen JWS, Morley S, Assendelft WJJ, Main CJ. (2010) Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. info:/

  • January 31, 2011
  • 01:37 PM

Don’t take the long road home

by PsychBusyBee in ionpsych

Do you take the fastest way home? Are you sure? Really?

I think I take the fastest route to work. I avoid traffic and stoplights, take long straight sections, and make right turns when ever possible. However, I always end up taking a completely different path home. I can't quite say why I do this, but both seem the quickest possible way to and from work. If one route wins the morning commute, why don't I follow the same path in reverse every evening? Continue reading →... Read more »

Sadalla, E., & Magel, S. (1980) The Perception of Traversed Distance. Environment and Behavior, 12(1), 65-79. DOI: 10.1177/0013916580121005  

  • January 31, 2011
  • 12:46 PM

Occupational Therapy & the Cognitive Behavioural Approach For Pain Management – ii

by Bronwyn Thompson in Healthskills: Skills for Healthy Living

In the first post on my commentary of Robinson, Kennedy and Harmon’s review of occupational therapy for chronic pain, I argued that they have misinterpreted the cognitive behavioural approach to pain management, and in particular, that they appear to hold an outmoded view of pain as either biological/organic or psychological, and refute the place of … Read more... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Hedging Your Bets

by Merry Youle in Small Things Considered

Bacteria that are born genetically equal aren't necessarily the same. The same genome, residing in cells side-by-side in the same medium in the same flask, does not guarantee the same phenotype. One example that comes to mind is the persisters in E. coli populations—the small number of cells that spontaneously stop growing. If the population is hit by a β-lactam antibiotic, those cells escape death. Similarly, under lab conditions that trigger genetic competence in B. subtilis, o........ Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 12:00 PM

Ending public-private partnerships between Big Food and Health

by Yoni Freedhoff in Weighty Matters

Sorry for the late post, the embargo lifted at noon.Today's edition of the Canadian Medical Association Journal contains an editorial the I co-authored with Paul Hebert. In it we argue that partnerships between food conglomerates and health organizations should be avoided.The risk is straightforward. Partnerships by definition serve to benefit both parties. For the health organizations the benefits involve some combination of money, resources and exposure. For the food industry the benefits ........ Read more »

Yoni Freedhoff, & Paul Hebert. (2011) Partnerships between health organizations and the food industry risk derailing public health nutrition. CMAJ. info:/

  • January 31, 2011
  • 11:33 AM

Cottonmouth Myths II: Cottonmouth Breeding Balls

by David Steen in Living Alongside Wildlife

Cottonmouths, Agkistrodon piscivorus, are so feared and misunderstood that perhaps the most terrifying thing the average citizen can imagine is these snakes in the process of making even more Cottonmouths.  I would guess it is a combination of fear, rural folklore, and maybe just the fact that Cottonmouth biology is not often brought up in school, but there is a lot of ... Read more »

Herrington, R.E. (1989) Reproductive biology of the brown water snake, Nerodia taxispilota, in central Georgia. Brimleyana, 103-110. info:/

  • January 31, 2011
  • 11:26 AM

Teaching evolution

by David Basanta in Cancerevo: Cancer evolution

A few days ago I was talking with some friends and, one of them, a science teacher in a school in Florida told us about how he tried to teach his students about evolution and how he was told...... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 11:16 AM

Do all cities have neighborhoods?

by Michael Smith in Wide Urban World

It's hard to imagine a modern city that does not have neighborhoods. What would residential areas in such a city look like? Is this even possible? Given the prominence of neighborhoods in social science research on life in cities today, I would guess that all modern cities do have neighborhoods. If a sociologist or planner, for example, identified a city that lacked neighborhoods, I'm sure they would study the situation and publicize it for being so strange.For premodern cities whose housing and........ Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 11:16 AM

Effects of Process Maturity and Uncertainty on SC Performance

by Daniel Dumke in SCRM Blog - Supply Chain Risk Management

Process orientation may or may not be a very hip topic right now. Nevertheless effective processes are a foundation for company performance. Lockamy, Childerhouse, Disney, Towill and McCormack (2008), analyze and explain the impact of process maturity and uncertainty on supply chain performance, the full paper can be obtained here free of charge.

In close collaboration with several businesses they conducted an empirical study on this topic, which I present in the following.

Business Proce........ Read more »

Lockamy, A., Childerhouse, P., Disney, S., Towill, D., & McCormack, K. (2008) The impact of process maturity and uncertainty on supply chain performance: an empirical study. International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 15(1), 12. DOI: 10.1504/IJMTM.2008.018237  

Christopher, M., & Peck, H. (2004) Building the Resilient Supply Chain. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 15(2), 1-14. DOI: 10.1108/09574090410700275  

  • January 31, 2011
  • 11:04 AM

The Bank Account for Childhood Sleep

by Rob Mitchum in ScienceLife

It’s a fight all parents are familiar with: the nightly battle to get their children to bed. Kids will try almost any tactic to avoid being tucked in for the night, and even then have long found ways to delay sleep with under-the-cover flashlights. But the deficit of sleep for today’s children and the degree [...]... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:58 AM

I Smell a Rat.. and it Smells Your Lung Infection

by Eva Gusnowski in Science in Seconds

Tuberculosis is a bastard. Approximately 1/3 of the human population is infected with the mycobacteria that causes tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, with new infections thought to occur once every second.

However, many of the people that are infected do not show disease symptoms, resulting in a latent (asymptomatic) infection.... Read more »

Poling A, Weetjens BJ, Cox C, Mgode G, Jubitana M, Kazwala R, Mfinanga GS, & Huis In 't Veld D. (2010) Using giant African pouched rats to detect tuberculosis in human sputum samples: 2009 findings. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 83(6), 1308-10. PMID: 21118940  

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:56 AM

When ‘Us vs Them’ Becomes ‘Us and Them’

by APS Daily Observations in Daily Observations

Being treated differently because you’re a foreigner doesn’t have to be a bad thing. Research published in Psychological Science found that in just and fair organizations,  local employees were more ... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:54 AM

How many leucines?

by Richard Grant in Faculty of 1000

Removal of neurotransmitter from the synaptic cleft is accomplished by a class of transporter called Neurotransmitter/sodium symporters (NSSs). These couple the uptake of neurotransmitter (including dopamine, GABA, serotonin, noradrenaline) with sodium ions. They’re the target of pharmaceutical interventions, particularly antidepressants … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:54 AM

How many leucines?

by Richard Grant in Naturally Selected

Removal of neurotransmitter from the synaptic cleft is accomplished by a class of transporter called Neurotransmitter/sodium symporters (NSSs). These couple the uptake of neurotransmitter (including dopamine, GABA, serotonin, noradrenaline) with sodium ions. They’re the target of pharmaceutical interventions, particularly antidepressants … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:46 AM

The Great Triceratops Debate Continues

by Brian Switek in Dinosaur Tracking

What is Nedoceratops hatcheri? That depends on whom you ask. For over 120 years the problematic skull of this horned dinosaur has been bounced around the literature under different names and attributions. While it was originally described as a distinct genus, Diceratops, some paleontologists later lumped it under Triceratops, at least until recent work raised [...]... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:15 AM

WHO’s Sick? The WHO and cross-cultural mental health surveys

by Ida Salusky in ionpsych

As a student of clinical psychology I think it is important to have an understanding of what mental illness and wellness looks like in my own country as well as in other societies. Cross cultural research on mental health disorders … Continue reading →... Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 10:02 AM

Common Neuropsychiatric Problems in Epilepsy

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Epilepsy represents a complex neuropsychiatric condition with significant public health impact.  The prevalence estimates of active epilepsy range from about 1 to 4% of the general population.  Like other medical conditions, epilepsy appears to increase the risk for a variety of secondary (or cormorbidity problems).  Understanding these related risks can aid patients, families and clinicians in understanding symptoms, common presentation conundrums and best treatment approaches. A........ Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 09:05 AM

Kadiskos the symbols of Zeus Ktesios

by Nikolaos Markoulakis in Tropaion

I would like to start a series of brief posts that will present in detail the ancient Greek household worship and religious practice. One, major, problem that exists when a research is been conducted for the ancient Greek world and especially the ancient Greek religion is generalization. As it has been identified by a great number of scholars for every aspect of ancient Greek religious practice, generalization is in fact an error which has been occurred as soon as omissions and over-simplificati........ Read more »

Nilsson, M., P. (1940) Greek Popular Religion. Lectures on the history of religions. n.s. info:other/608793

Rose, H.J. (1957) The religion of a Greek household. Euphrosyne, 95-116. info:/

  • January 31, 2011
  • 08:30 AM

Most people are a bit crazy, and believers are a bit crazier than most

by Tom Rees in Epiphenom

Full-blown delusions are thought to be pretty rare. By that I mean the truly bizarre delusions, like Capgras syndrome (when you think that relatives or close friends are sometimes replaced by identical-looking impostors), or Subjective Doubles (a belief that there is another person who looks and acts like you) and Controlled Thoughts (that your thoughts are not fully under your control).

It's actually quite difficult to find out just how common these kinds of delusions are. You can't just ask p........ Read more »

  • January 31, 2011
  • 07:48 AM

With eyes closed

by Janet Kwasniak in Thoughts on thoughts

Do we think differently with our eyes closed or closed? Apparently we do. And it is not just a simple difference like the brain having more to do when it is processing vision compared to when it is not receiving visual input. There is a difference in how we react to music with our eyes [...]... Read more »

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