People living in the UK will have noticed that Christians have been getting noisier in recent years. More clamour for more state-funded faith schools, more litigations, and more complaints against perceived anti-Christian bias.Evidence of a popular religious revival? Or the death throes of a once-powerful ideology? A team from Erasmus University in the Netherlands has some answers.It seems that when Christianity is popular, Christians are content with the idea of a firewall separating Church and........ Read more »
Achterberg, P., Houtman, D., Aupers, S., Koster, W., Mascini, P., & Waal, J. (2009) A Christian Cancellation of the Secularist Truce? Waning Christian Religiosity and Waxing Religious Deprivatization in the West. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 48(4), 687-701. DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-5906.2009.01473.x
Another week has gone by and some very interesting molbio blog posts have been aggregated to Researchblogging.org. Every week [see my opening post on the matter], I'll select some blog posts I consider particularly interesting in the field of molecular biology [see here to get a sense of the criteria that will be used], briefly describe them and list them here for you to check out.Note that I'm ... Read more »
Pleasance, E., Stephens, P., O’Meara, S., McBride, D., Meynert, A., Jones, D., Lin, M., Beare, D., Lau, K., Greenman, C.... (2009) A small-cell lung cancer genome with complex signatures of tobacco exposure. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature08629
Alexander, P., He, Y., Chen, Y., Orban, J., & Bryan, P. (2009) From the Cover: A minimal sequence code for switching protein structure and function. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(50), 21149-21154. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0906408106
Costello, E., Lauber, C., Hamady, M., Fierer, N., Gordon, J., & Knight, R. (2009) Bacterial Community Variation in Human Body Habitats Across Space and Time. Science, 326(5960), 1694-1697. DOI: 10.1126/science.1177486
While other issues of ecological concern, like climate change, receive popular attention, the problems that initially raised environmental awareness, like pollution, take a back seat. Yet these problems are not only still with us, they are spreading.... Read more »
Walters, D., Mills, M., Fritz, K., & Raikow, D. (2009) Spider-Mediated Flux of PCBs from Contaminated Sediments to Terrestrial Ecosystems and Potential Risks to Arachnivorous Birds . Environmental Science , 2147483647. DOI: 10.1021/es9023139
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is fascinating illness that can range from mild annoyance to debilitating nightmare. The frightening nature and unclear cause of the disease makes it a magnet for questionable medical therapies (i.e. quackery). A piece published last week in (surprise!) the Huffington Post helps fuel the fires of suspicion and paranoia while failing to shed any light on the future of MS research.
Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the nervous system. Its victims develop symptoms bas........ Read more »
Frohman EM, Racke MK, & Raine CS. (2006) Multiple sclerosis--the plaque and its pathogenesis. The New England journal of medicine, 354(9), 942-55. PMID: 16510748
Zamboni, P., Galeotti, R., Menegatti, E., Malagoni, A., Tacconi, G., Dall'Ara, S., Bartolomei, I., & Salvi, F. (2008) Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery , 80(4), 392-399. DOI: 10.1136/jnnp.2008.157164
Zamboni, P., Galeotti, R., Menegatti, E., Malagoni, A., Gianesini, S., Bartolomei, I., Mascoli, F., & Salvi, F. (2009) A prospective open-label study of endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 50(6), 1348-1358000. DOI: 10.1016/j.jvs.2009.07.096
Throughout the history of human civilization, wars have a common feature of being practiced primarily by males. This group aggression by males is a persistent trait of human behavior, seen across different continents among civilizations that have developed independent of each other.
Also, experimental evidence suggests that compared to females, male behavior and psychology is more [...]... Read more »
Van Vugt, M., De Cremer, D., & Janssen, D. (2007) Gender Differences in Cooperation and Competition: The Male-Warrior Hypothesis. Psychological Science, 18(1), 19-23. DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9280.2007.01842.x
Campbell, A. (1999) Staying alive: Evolution, culture, and women's intrasexual aggression. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 22(02). DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X99001818
Nutrient enrichment can cut off energy flow in aquatic food webs
... Read more »
Davis, J., Rosemond, A., Eggert, S., Cross, W., & Wallace, J. (2009) Long-term nutrient enrichment decouples predator and prey production. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0908497107
Today I'd like to revisit an issue which we first reported on last January, and which unfortunately appears to be happening again this holiday season. Several of our colleagues attend a major Canadian fitness chain (I have decided not to post the name yet, but it shouldn't be too hard to guess) which has a poster of a chubby gingerbread man on the wall throughout the holidays (both in 2008 and again this year). Under the gingerbread man is a caption that reads "The average perso........ Read more »
Classically, a cell's phenotype was thought to be a product of its genetic background and its environment. All changes within a cell would be due to the cell's genetic capability to react to the environmental changes happening around them. However, as we begin looking more in depth at cell populations at the single cell level, we are finding that this paradigm isn't always true.
In this two part series, I want to examine how genetically identical cells in equal environments can........ Read more »
Maamar H, Raj A, & Dubnau D. (2007) Noise in gene expression determines cell fate in Bacillus subtilis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 526-9. PMID: 17569828
Recent research conducted out of UC Berkeley and Penn State University has quantitatively demonstrated that mammal diversity in North America has plummeted since the arrival of humans about 13,000 years ago. ... Read more »
Carrasco, M., Barnosky, A., & Graham, R. (2009) Quantifying the Extent of North American Mammal Extinction Relative to the Pre-Anthropogenic Baseline. PLoS ONE, 4(12). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008331
When it comes to marine protected areas, managers are charging recreational use fees that are substantially less than what visitors would be willing to pay. Two studies have coincidentally come out recently in different journals addressing this counterintuitive phenomenon.
On the surface, charging too little might not seem like such a big deal. However, many marine protected areas are located in poor countries where the management of the park is largely funded by collected fees.
... Read more »
Ransom, K., & Mangi, S. (2009) Valuing Recreational Benefits of Coral Reefs: The Case of Mombasa Marine National Park and Reserve, Kenya. Environmental Management. DOI: 10.1007/s00267-009-9402-9
If you weren’t able to attend this years Christmas lectures in person, they are televised tonight in the UK on More4 from 7pm. This year, they are given by Professor Sue Hartley  (pictured right) from the University of Sussex. Here is some blurb on the series from the Royal Institution called “The 300 million [...]... Read more »
Hartley, S., & Gange, A. (2009) Impacts of Plant Symbiotic Fungi on Insect Herbivores: Mutualism in a Multitrophic Context. Annual Review of Entomology, 54(1), 323-342. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ento.54.110807.090614
A new study presents a model that could make the job of restoration planners much easier. Researchers created and tested a prototype for quantifying the amount that prospective restoration projects would reduce flooding and retain sediment and nutrients...... Read more »
Yang, W., Wang, X., Liu, Y., Gabor, S., Boychuk, L., & Badiou, P. (2009) Simulated environmental effects of wetland restoration scenarios in a typical Canadian prairie watershed. Wetlands Ecology and Management. DOI: 10.1007/s11273-009-9168-0
Ok, probably not since the jury is still out as to what risks cell phone use could have, but little things like doing studies and coming to a consensus based on empirical evidence won’t slow down the efforts of Maine State Representative Andrea Boland to propose a bill which would require that every cell phone [...]... Read more »
Divan HA, Kheifets L, Obel C, & Olsen J. (2008) Prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phone use and behavioral problems in children. Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), 19(4), 523-9. PMID: 18467962
by David Gorski in Science-Based Medicine
Science-based medicine consists of a balancing of risks and benefits for various interventions. This is sometimes a difficult topic for the lay public to understand, and sometimes physicians even forget it. My anecdotal experience suggests that probably surgeons are usually more aware of this basic fact because our interventions generally involve taking sharp objects to [...]... Read more »
Berrington de Gonzalez, A., Mahesh, M., Kim, K., Bhargavan, M., Lewis, R., Mettler, F., & Land, C. (2009) Projected Cancer Risks From Computed Tomographic Scans Performed in the United States in 2007. Archives of Internal Medicine_id, 169(22), 2071-2077. http://archinte.ama-assn.org/cgi/doi/10.1001/archinternmed.2009.440
Smith-Bindman, R., Lipson, J., Marcus, R., Kim, K., Mahesh, M., Gould, R., Berrington de Gonzalez, A., & Miglioretti, D. (2009) Radiation Dose Associated With Common Computed Tomography Examinations and the Associated Lifetime Attributable Risk of Cancer. Archives of Internal Medicine, 169(22), 2078-2086. DOI: 10.1001/archinternmed.2009.427
Redberg RF. (2009) Cancer risks and radiation exposure from computed tomographic scans: how can we be sure that the benefits outweigh the risks?. Archives of internal medicine, 169(22), 2049-50. PMID: 20008685
Brenner DJ, & Hall EJ. (2007) Computed tomography--an increasing source of radiation exposure. The New England journal of medicine, 357(22), 2277-84. PMID: 18046031
Three fast track articles were recently published on CyberPsychology and Behavior about the treatment of PTSD with virtual reality exposure therapy. Exposure therapy is the most evidence based treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). More than 18 studies have been published on the use of virtual reality exposure treatment for PTSD.
One of [...]
Related posts:Virtual Reality Becomes Real The latest multi-core processors and some smart software allow...
Augmented reality made eas........ Read more »
McLay, R., McBrien, C., Wiederhold, M., & Wiederhold, B. (2009) Exposure Therapy with and without Virtual Reality to Treat PTSD while in the Combat Theater: A Parallel Case Series. CyberPsychology , 2147483647. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2009.0346
Gamito, P., Oliveira, J., Rosa, P., Morais, D., Duarte, N., Oliveira, S., & Saraiva, T. (2009) PTSD Elderly War Veterans: A Clinical Controlled Pilot Study. CyberPsychology , 2147483647. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2009.0237
Botella, C., García-Palacios, A., Guillen, V., Baños, R., Quero, S., & Alcaniz, M. (2009) An Adaptive Display for the Treatment of Diverse Trauma PTSD Victims. CyberPsychology , 2147483647. DOI: 10.1089/cpb.2009.0353
In celebration of the holiday season, Sci went looking for something seasonal. But referring constantly to things like how many calories we eat around this time (Sci is no exception) is really a downer. So this season, Sci decided to find out what would happen if you plug the word "christmas" into pubmed.
It turns out there are a lot of people named Christmas.
But Sci ALSO came across this study, which she found to be a really really cool phenomenon of SCIENCE! And so, as her holiday gift ........ Read more »
CAPPELLETTI, M., JANSARI, A., KOPELMAN, M., & BUTTERWORTH, B. (2008) A case of selective impairment of encyclopaedic numerical knowledge or ‘when December 25th is no longer Christmas day, but ‘20 5’ is still 25’. Cortex, 44(3), 325-336. DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2006.07.005
Gardeners, ecologists and naturalists well know the frustration of keeping up with the latest up-to-date scientific names of the organisms they grow, study and appreciate. The plant list in my own research project is over 800 species long. I made sure that all their names were up to date with recent taxonomic revisions before I started my analysis, but now two years later I have found with horror that so many have since been changed!Admirers of Australian orchids are quite likely to be currently........ Read more »
Dixon, K., & Hopper, S. (2009) An introduction to R.Br. – Australasia's jewel among terrestrial orchids . Australian Journal of Botany, 57(4). DOI: 10.1071/BT09999
Hopper, S. (2009) Taxonomic turmoil down-under: recent developments in Australian orchid systematics. Annals of Botany, 104(3), 447-455. DOI: 10.1093/aob/mcp090
I’ve decided to blog this a little earlier than I would usually simply because the COP15 is still fresh in everyone’s minds and the paper is now online as an ‘Accepted Article’, so it is fully citable.
The paper published in Conservation Letters by Strassburg and colleagues is entitled Global congruence of carbon storage and biodiversity [...]... Read more »
Strassburg, B., Kelly, A., Balmford, A., Davies, R., Gibbs, H., Lovett, A., Miles, L., Orme, C., Price, J., Turner, R.... (2009) Global congruence of carbon storage and biodiversity in terrestrial ecosystems. Conservation Letters. DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-263X.2009.00092.x
Some of you may know that I’ve just had surgery, and I’m gently recovering from the comfort of my own home over the next few weeks. Posts on here will be intermittent but I find myself considering aspects of pain management from a ‘patient’s’ perspective today as it’s about 5 days since surgery and my [...]... Read more »
Leegaard, M., Nåden, D., & Fagermoen, M. (2008) Postoperative pain and self-management: women’s experiences after cardiac surgery. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 63(5), 476-485. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2008.04727.x
One year and a half ago I spent lot of times reading those foundational papers about Web Information Retrieval where first analysis of usage on search engines (main information retrieval systems for Web) were performed.
Those papers showed that the average user on the web search for information in a very different way, hardly describing their goals, visiting few alternatives and spending not much time.
Some months ago I was thinking about the quality and quantity of information that a search e........ Read more »
Akshay Java, Xiaodan Song, Tim Finin, & Belle Tseng. (2007) Why we twitter: understanding microblogging usage and communities. Proceedings of the 9th WebKDD and 1st SNA-KDD 2007 workshop on Web mining and social network analysis, 56-65. info:/10.1145/1348549.1348556
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