Post List

  • July 14, 2014
  • 01:13 PM
  • 109 views

Schizophrenic Noise and Schizophrenic Voices

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Hear that voice? What is there more than one? Is this real, or fake? How do you know? That is how schizophrenia works: auditory hallucinations, confusion, inability to tell what […]... Read more »

Teal S. Eich,, Derek Evan Nee,, Catherine Insel,, Chara Malapani,, & Edward E. Smith. (2014) Neural Correlates of Impaired Cognitive Control over Working Memory in Schizophrenia. Biological psychiatry, 76(2). info:/10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.09.032

  • July 14, 2014
  • 01:00 PM
  • 51 views

16 Ancient Clovis Elephant-Hunting Camp Discovered in Mexico

by Blake de Pastino in Western Digs

Archaeologists in Mexico have discovered an ancient camp where members of the Clovis culture hunted an elephant-like animal never before seen in North America's archaeological record. What’s more, the site dates to 13,400 years ago, making it one of the oldest known Clovis sites, and the southernmost evidence yet found of the culture's reach. Read on to find out more!... Read more »

Sanchez, G., Holliday, V., Gaines, E., Arroyo-Cabrales, J., Martinez-Taguena, N., Kowler, A., Lange, T., Hodgins, G., Mentzer, S., & Sanchez-Morales, I. (2014) Human (Clovis)-gomphothere (Cuvieronius sp.) association  13,390 calibrated yBP in Sonora, Mexico. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404546111  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 10:44 AM
  • 69 views

Cognitive Reserve Boosts Traumatic Brain Injury Recovery

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Cognitive reserve (high educational attainment, high IQ) is known to reduce or delay the risk for Alzheimer's disease.However, the effect of cognitive reserve on recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is less well studied.Two recent research studies support the beneficial effects of cognitive reserve on TBI.Schneider and colleagues examined a series of 769 adult TBI subjects using the TBI Model Systems Database.This cohort was followed during rehabilitation for a period of at least one year......... Read more »

Schneider EB, Sur S, Raymont V, Duckworth J, Kowalski RG, Efron DT, Hui X, Selvarajah S, Hambridge HL, & Stevens RD. (2014) Functional recovery after moderate/severe traumatic brain injury: a role for cognitive reserve?. Neurology, 82(18), 1636-42. PMID: 24759845  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 10:23 AM
  • 100 views

Young men and women have very different attitudes towards touch in cross-sex friendships

by Christian Jarrett in BPS Research Digest

Friendships between heterosexual men and women can be tricky to navigate, especially when it comes to tactile contact. Is that touch on the arm a gesture of platonic care and affection? Or an unwanted signal of sexual interest? A new survey by US researchers shows the situation is complicated by the contrasting attitudes of young men and women towards touch in cross-sex friendships.Michael Miller and his team quizzed 276 undergrads at an Eastern US University, including 128 women*. The participa........ Read more »

MILLER, M., DENES, A., DIAZ, B., & RANJIT, Y. (2014) Touch attitudes in cross-sex friendships: We're just friends. Personal Relationships, 21(2), 309-323. DOI: 10.1111/pere.12033  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 09:00 AM
  • 24 views

Meditation may not be for epileptics

by Katharine Blackwell in Contemplating Cognition

In epilepsy, a seizure begins with just a few neurons that – for reasons that still elude medical professionals – get overstimulated. That excess stimulation then gets passed through the synapses to other neurons, which become overstimulated in turn, and the spread of that intense chaotic activity produces the behavioral features of a seizure. These disruptive bursts of activity also damage the brain, and can lead to cognitive deficits, so anyone with epilepsy will take great pains ........ Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 08:07 AM
  • 48 views

Kidney Donors and Kidney Failure – Once More, With Feeling

by Cristy at Living Donor 101 in Living Donors Are People Too

Recall Mjoen‘s latest research on living kidney donors who later develop end-stage renal disease? Here’s a recap: (emphasis mine)   Compared with controls, kidney donors had a significant 11.4 times increased risk of ESRD, 1.4 times increased risk of cardiovascular death, and 1.3 times increased risk of death from any cause, after adjusting for potential …
Continue reading »
The post Kidney Donors and Kidney Failure – Once More, With Feeling appeared first on L........ Read more »

Boudville, N., & Garg, A. (2014) End-stage renal disease in living kidney donors. Kidney International, 86(1), 20-22. DOI: 10.1038/ki.2013.560  

Muzaale, A., Massie, A., Wang, M., Montgomery, R., McBride, M., Wainright, J., & Segev, D. (2014) Risk of End-Stage Renal Disease Following Live Kidney Donation. JAMA, 311(6), 579. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.285141  

  • July 14, 2014
  • 07:02 AM
  • 36 views

Would you rather be harassed or ostracized at work?

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

What a choice. We have written before about incivility in the workplace and that sounds a lot like what these researchers are calling ostracism. To begin, let’s look at how the researchers define both harassment and ostracism. In brief, say the researchers, harassment is the presence of an unwanted behavior and ostracism is the absence […]

Related posts:
Fat bias in the workplace
“It was ‘a man’s work’ and I just didn’t like working with those incompetent women….”
........ Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 05:02 AM
  • 91 views

Joint hypermobility, gait and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I have already made mention of the paper by Maya Shetreat-Klein and colleagues [1] on this blog as part of a post on the potential usefulness of kata training for at least some people on the autism spectrum (see here). Based on an analysis of 38 children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and a similar number of asymptomatic controls (all medication free), researchers set about recording "the characteristics of gait and prevalence of toe walking, the range of passive joint mobility, a........ Read more »

  • July 14, 2014
  • 12:05 AM
  • 80 views

Pitching: We Can Have too Much of a Good Thing

by Mark Rice in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

Young pitchers who engage in “risk-prone” pitching activities are more likely to report arm tiredness and pain, which is related to shoulder and elbow injuries.... Read more »

Yang, J., Mann, B., Guettler, J., Dugas, J., Irrgang, J., Fleisig, G., & Albright, J. (2014) Risk-Prone Pitching Activities and Injuries in Youth Baseball: Findings From a National Sample. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 42(6), 1456-1463. DOI: 10.1177/0363546514524699  

  • July 13, 2014
  • 08:53 PM
  • 80 views

Photosynthesis in action: new technique resolves atomic changes in undamaged photosystems

by Jonathan Trinastic in Goodnight Earth

A new experimental technique allows scientists to see conformational changes in photosynthetic systems without damaging the samples!... Read more »

Kupitz, C., Basu, S., Grotjohann, I., Fromme, R., Zatsepin, N., Rendek, K., Hunter, M., Shoeman, R., White, T., Wang, D.... (2014) Serial time-resolved crystallography of photosystem II using a femtosecond X-ray laser. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13453  

  • July 13, 2014
  • 03:15 PM
  • 103 views

New ways to test for Alzheimers

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Accurately diagnosing alzheimer’s is not an easy thing to do. In fact most of the time people aren’t diagnosed until very late in the progression of the disease, long after […]... Read more »

Matthew E Growdon,, Aaron Schultz,, Alexander Dagley,, Rebecca Amariglio,, Trey Hedden,, Dorene M. Rentz,, Keith Johnson,, Reisa Sperling,, Mark W. Albers,, & Gad Marshall,. (2014) Olfactory identification and Alzheimer's disease biomarkers in clinically normal elderly. Nature Neuroscience. info:/

  • July 13, 2014
  • 09:23 AM
  • 99 views

Language and handedness

by Janet Kwasniak in Neuro-patch

  I am both left handed and dyslexic and so a recent paper on the connection in hemispheric dominance for hand and for language was a paper I had to read. The Mazoyer study seems to be the first to use a reasonable number of left- and as well as right-handed people to look at […]... Read more »

  • July 13, 2014
  • 05:21 AM
  • 29 views

Hotter, Smarter, Better Brains

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

It is evident that (a) higher body temperature leads to higher brain performance and (b) the sames holds true in an evolutionary context in terms of brain size. So hotter = smarter?... Read more »

James F. Gillooly. (2013) Hotter is Smarter: The temperature-dependence of brain size in vertebrates. PeerJ. info:/10.7287/peerj.preprints.155v1

Wright KP Jr, Hull JT, & Czeisler CA. (2002) Relationship between alertness, performance, and body temperature in humans. American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology, 283(6). PMID: 12388468  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 07:02 PM
  • 107 views

Legal highs – not for human consumption

by DJMac in Recovery Review

Legal highs in Lothian The UK has the largest market for new psychoactive substances (NSP or “legal highs”) in Europe. Scotland is no stranger to them and, as a seminar in Edinburgh heard last week, the Lothian area is seeing a surge in demand, some worrying trends in injecting and significant new presentations due to problems [...]
The post Legal highs – not for human consumption appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

  • July 12, 2014
  • 05:59 PM
  • 95 views

Barefoot running survey: Evidence from the field???

by Craig Payne in Running Research Junkie

Barefoot running survey: Evidence from the field???... Read more »

Hryvniak, D., Dicharry, J., & Wilder, R. (2014) Barefoot running survey: Evidence from the field. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 3(2), 131-136. DOI: 10.1016/j.jshs.2014.03.008  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 01:59 PM
  • 127 views

Infant once thought Cured of HIV tests Positive

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

I hate doing sad posts, it’s not my thing. But this is a big deal so I thought I would share it, the child known as the “Mississippi baby” – whom for […]... Read more »

Persaud, D., Gay, H., Ziemniak, C., Chen, Y., Piatak, M., Chun, T., Strain, M., Richman, D., & Luzuriaga, K. (2013) Absence of Detectable HIV-1 Viremia after Treatment Cessation in an Infant. New England Journal of Medicine, 369(19), 1828-1835. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1302976  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 01:42 PM
  • 141 views

Media and the Mind: Emotional Contagion

by JBSheppard in Antisense Science

Facebook recently carried out an experiment to change the emotions of over 600,000 users through a known psychological process called "emotional contagion". ... Read more »

  • July 12, 2014
  • 11:36 AM
  • 118 views

Organic food: meta-analysed

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A very quick post to direct you to the paper by Barański and colleagues [1] which is currently making a few headlines and sparking some debate (see here and see here) with their assertions: "the concentrations of a range of antioxidants such as polyphenolics were found to be substantially higher in organic crops/crop-based foods" and "the frequency of occurrence of pesticide residues was found to be four times higher in conventional crops, which also contained significantly higher con........ Read more »

  • July 12, 2014
  • 06:50 AM
  • 109 views

Could climate’s crop impact catch us with our plants down?

by Andy Extance in Simple Climate

Global warming has sharply increased the odds of serious problems because of declining harvests, find David Lobell from and Claudia Tebaldi from NCAR, and though that situation remains fairly unlikely, they advise countries to prepare for it. ... Read more »

Mora, C., Frazier, A., Longman, R., Dacks, R., Walton, M., Tong, E., Sanchez, J., Kaiser, L., Stender, Y., Anderson, J.... (2013) The projected timing of climate departure from recent variability. Nature, 502(7470), 183-187. DOI: 10.1038/nature12540  

Hawkins, E., Anderson, B., Diffenbaugh, N., Mahlstein, I., Betts, R., Hegerl, G., Joshi, M., Knutti, R., McNeall, D., Solomon, S.... (2014) Uncertainties in the timing of unprecedented climates. Nature, 511(7507). DOI: 10.1038/nature13523  

  • July 12, 2014
  • 04:31 AM
  • 155 views

Gold standard addiction treatment

by DJMac in Recovery Review

  Gold standard addiction treatment Addiction to alcohol or other drugs is not easy to recover from. However there are many pathways to recovery, including through treatment. One group of patients does far better than most other groups. In fact their results are so impressive that many commentators have urged us to learn from what’s [...]
The post Gold standard addiction treatment appeared first on Recovery Review.
... Read more »

DuPont, R., McLellan, A., White, W., Merlo, L., & Gold, M. (2009) Setting the standard for recovery: Physicians' Health Programs. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 36(2), 159-171. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2008.01.004  

join us!

Do you write about peer-reviewed research in your blog? Use ResearchBlogging.org to make it easy for your readers — and others from around the world — to find your serious posts about academic research.

If you don't have a blog, you can still use our site to learn about fascinating developments in cutting-edge research from around the world.

Register Now

Research Blogging is powered by SMG Technology.

To learn more, visit seedmediagroup.com.