Post List

  • December 3, 2014
  • 04:36 AM

Autism ADHD equals greater risk of psychiatric comorbidity?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

Because the name Mu-Hong Chen (and colleagues) has appeared so, so many times on this blog with reference to the various studies originating from investigations of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, I genuinely did have to make sure that I hadn't covered one of their recent papers [1] on here previously. Actually I can't 100% confirm that I haven't already covered a further addition to their research repertoire which concluded that: "Patients with ADHD [attent........ Read more »

  • December 3, 2014
  • 04:33 AM

After this training regime, people saw letters of the alphabet as being alive with colour

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

A training regime at the University of Sussex has successfully conditioned fourteen people with no prior experience of synesthesia - crossing of the senses - to experience coloured phenomena when seeing letters.The regime took place over nine weeks, a half hour session every workday together with extra homework. Again and again, the trainees were encouraged to treat the letter "r" as red, or "e" as green, with a similar a process repeated on 13 letters in all. This was tested every session using........ Read more »

Bor, D., Rothen, N., Schwartzman, D., Clayton, S., & Seth, A. (2014) Adults Can Be Trained to Acquire Synesthetic Experiences. Scientific Reports, 7089. DOI: 10.1038/srep07089  

  • December 3, 2014
  • 02:58 AM

5 Best Places To Look For Life Outside Earth

by jeffrey daniels in United Academics

Where in our Solar System most of the ingredients for life have been found, and thus stand a good chance of harbouring life that evolved completely separate from Earth?... Read more »

McKay, C. (2010) An Origin of Life on Mars. Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology, 2(4). DOI: 10.1101/cshperspect.a003509  

Waite JH Jr, Combi MR, Ip WH, Cravens TE, McNutt RL Jr, Kasprzak W, Yelle R, Luhmann J, Niemann H, Gell D.... (2006) Cassini ion and neutral mass spectrometer: Enceladus plume composition and structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1419-22. PMID: 16527970  

Iess L, Stevenson DJ, Parisi M, Hemingway D, Jacobson RA, Lunine JI, Nimmo F, Armstrong JW, Asmar SW, Ducci M.... (2014) The gravity field and interior structure of Enceladus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6179), 78-80. PMID: 24700854  

  • December 3, 2014
  • 12:05 AM

Is One Ankle Brace as Good as Another?

by Kyle Harris in Sports Medicine Research (SMR): In the Lab & In the Field

In both passive and dynamic conditions, hinged and unhinged ankle braces increased ankle stability compared with no brace. There was no clinical relevant differences between braces.... Read more »

  • December 2, 2014
  • 04:37 PM

The Montado, the Mouse and Landscape Connectivity

by Denise O'Meara in Denise O'Meara

...It was during this trip that we paid a visit to the cork oak-dominated Montado region. It is an open savannah-like landscape managed for centuries as an agri-silvo-pastoral system, dominated by evergreen oak and a rotational grazing system for domestic animals. The main commercial products from the region include cork (at one time, the only way to cork wine bottles) from cork oak trees, wood for charcoal and meat. Crops such as corn were at one time also cultivated in the region, but this tre........ Read more »

  • December 2, 2014
  • 04:31 PM

Synthetic biology breakthrough: The world’s first artificial enzymes

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Like mad scientists working away in some secret location we have created life… well sort of. It may sound like something out of a Sci fi movie, but scientists have created the world’s first enzymes made from artificial genetic material. Their synthetic enzymes (which are made from molecules that do not occur anywhere in nature) are capable of triggering chemical reactions in the lab and are the building blocks for life.... Read more »

Taylor, A., Pinheiro, V., Smola, M., Morgunov, A., Peak-Chew, S., Cozens, C., Weeks, K., Herdewijn, P., & Holliger, P. (2014) Catalysts from synthetic genetic polymers. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature13982  

Pinheiro, V., Taylor, A., Cozens, C., Abramov, M., Renders, M., Zhang, S., Chaput, J., Wengel, J., Peak-Chew, S., McLaughlin, S.... (2012) Synthetic Genetic Polymers Capable of Heredity and Evolution. Science, 336(6079), 341-344. DOI: 10.1126/science.1217622  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 12:51 PM

Our Increased carbon dioxide output causes global warming and now we have proof

by Gabriel in Lunatic Laboratories

Global warming, it’s a bigger deal than some people seem to realize. For years science has pointed to the increased carbon dioxide output as the main reason for man-made global warming. However, there has been no evidence to directly link CO2 output to global warming, well until now. Research has identified, for the first time, how global warming is related to the amount of carbon emitted.... Read more »

  • December 2, 2014
  • 12:34 PM

Heb je uitzonderlijk muzikaal gehoor? (1/5) [Dutch]

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Ben jij een beetje muzikaal? Kun jij een liedje op de perfecte toonhoogte meezingen? Hoor jij meteen of er een valse snaar op een gitaar zit? Sommigen mensen zijn volledig toondoof. Maar mensen met absoluut gehoor kunnen (zonder te kijken!) aan een pianotoets al horen welke noot het is. Een heel zeldzame gave! Maar is deze luistereigenschap wel zo bijzonder? Hoogleraar Muziekcognitie prof. dr. Henkjan Honing (UvA) legt je uit wat nog veel opmerkelijker is aan gehoor.... Read more »

Peretz, I., & Zatorre, R. (2005) Brain Organization for Music Processing. Annual Review of Psychology, 56(1), 89-114. DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.56.091103.070225  

Stewart L, von Kriegstein K, Warren JD, & Griffiths TD. (2006) Music and the brain: disorders of musical listening. Brain : a journal of neurology, 129(Pt 10), 2533-53. PMID: 16845129  

Takeuchi, A., & Hulse, S. (1993) Absolute pitch. Psychological Bulletin, 113(2), 345-361. DOI: 10.1037//0033-2909.113.2.345  

Schellenberg, E., & Trehub, S. (2003) Good Pitch Memory Is Widespread. Psychological Science, 14(3), 262-266. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.03432  

Trehub SE. (2003) The developmental origins of musicality. Nature neuroscience, 6(7), 669-73. PMID: 12830157  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 12:34 PM

Word je slimmer van luisteren naar Mozart? [Dutch]

by Henkjan Honing in Music Matters

Het Mozarteffect. Studenten halen gegarandeerd hun tentamens, koeien zullen meer melk produceren en zelfs tomaten gaan beter smaken wanneer ze ‘luisteren’ naar klassieke muziek. Is dat zo? Waar heeft dit mee te maken? Muziekwetenschapper prof. dr. Henkjan Honing (UvA) legt je uit wat het effect is van klassieke muziek.... Read more »

Rauscher, F., Shaw, G., & Ky, C. (1993) Music and spatial task performance. Nature, 365(6447), 611-611. DOI: 10.1038/365611a0  

Thompson, W., Schellenberg, E., & Husain, G. (2001) Arousal, Mood, and The Mozart Effect. Psychological Science, 12(3), 248-251. DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.00345  

Glenn Schellenberg, E. (2004) Music Lessons Enhance IQ. Psychological Science, 15(8), 511-514. DOI: 10.1111/j.0956-7976.2004.00711.x  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 11:35 AM

No one will remember you because society doesn’t care

by neuroecology in Neuroecology

A few years ago I was in Washington DC and, being a bit of a tourist, I randomly picked up a fact card about one of our exciting presidents. Obviously the excitement mounted: who did I get? My best buddy … Continue reading →... Read more »

Roediger, H., & DeSoto, K. (2014) Forgetting the presidents. Science, 346(6213), 1106-1109. DOI: 10.1126/science.1259627  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 07:37 AM

Languages adapt to their contextual niche (Winters, Kirby & Smith, 2014)

by Wintz in A Replicated Typo 2.0

Last week saw the publication of my latest paper, with co-authors Simon Kirby and Kenny Smith, looking at how languages adapt to their contextual niche (link to the OA version and here’s the original). Here’s the abstract: It is well established that context plays a fundamental role in how we learn and use language. Here […]... Read more »

  • December 2, 2014
  • 06:55 AM

In Winter, Frozen Isn't Just A Disney Movie

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

Everyone knows that you can dies from being out in the cold for too long, but do you how the cold can bring about your demise? It has to do with water, electricity, and believe it or not, stripping.... Read more »

Palmers PJ, Hiltrop N, Ameloot K, Timmermans P, Ferdinande B, Sinnaeve P, Nieuwendijk R, & Malbrain ML. (2014) From therapeutic hypothermia towards targeted temperature management: a decade of evolution. Anaesthesiology intensive therapy. PMID: 25421924  

Argacha, J., Adamopoulos, D., Gujic, M., Fontaine, D., Amyai, N., Berkenboom, G., & van de Borne, P. (2008) Acute Effects of Passive Smoking on Peripheral Vascular Function. Hypertension, 51(6), 1506-1511. DOI: 10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.107.104059  

Adams MD, Earnhardt JT, Dewey WL, & Harris LS. (1976) Vasoconstrictor actions of delta8- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol in the rat. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics, 196(3), 649-56. PMID: 4606  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 06:42 AM

Are prisoners calmer when their cells are painted pink?

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

On the back of research first published in 70s and 80s, an increasing number of jails in the Western world are painting their cells pink, in the belief that doing so has a calming effect on prisoners.Unfortunately, this early research was poorly designed. For example, one study found that prisoners' strength, pushing against an experimenter, was reduced when they were presented with a pink vs. blue coloured card. But the experimenter could also see the card and may simply have exerted more effor........ Read more »

  • December 2, 2014
  • 04:44 AM

Coenzyme Q10 and NADH supplementation for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

A quick post today to direct your attention to the paper by Jesus Castro-Marrero and colleagues [1] reporting results which seemed to suggest that under double-blind, placebo-controlled conditions "oral CoQ10 [Coenzyme Q10] (200 mg/day) plus NADH [nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) + hydrogen (H)] (20 mg/day) supplementation" might have some positive effects for cases of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS). The NIH entry for the trial can be found here.I volunteer as tribute! ........ Read more »

Castro-Marrero J, Cordero MD, Segundo MJ, Saez-Francas N, Calvo N, Román-Malo L, Aliste L, Fernandez de Sevilla T, & Alegre-Martin J. (2014) Does oral Coenzyme Q10 plus NADH supplementation improve fatigue and biochemical parameters in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?. Antioxidants . PMID: 25386668  

  • December 2, 2014
  • 02:27 AM

What Effect Does Your Shampoo Really Have on Your Hair?

by Wiley Asia Blog in Wiley Asia Blog - Social Science

New analytical techniques can show how different hair care products affect the hair, with some leaving isolated deposits behind and others leaving layers of material that wet the hair surface.

Researchers used atomic force microscopy in a variety of imaging modes to garner more detailed information and at smaller scales than has been presented before for hair product analyses. The methods can be used to study the varying effects of different hair care products.... Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 04:24 PM

Feeding the Buzzards

by Denise O'Meara in Denise O'Meara

Eimear Rooney and colleagues from Queen’s University Belfast aimed to investigate that very question in a new study examining the effects of supplementary feeding on the common buzzard population in Northern Ireland. The study has recently been published in the international ornithology journal, Ibis.

Rooney and colleagues focused on mainly agricultural land consisting of improved grassland, but they also included areas of lower productivity such as bogs, rough grazing areas, woodlands and ........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 03:05 PM

A Surfeit of Salamanders: An Imagined Picture Book

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish

If ever there was a scientific study that deserved to be a children’s picture book, this was it. Scientists belly-crawled through the forests of the Ozarks, flipping stones and looking for slimy things that wriggled away from them. They learned that the forest is secretly packed with salamanders in unfathomable numbers, as many as 10 […]The post A Surfeit of Salamanders: An Imagined Picture Book appeared first on Inkfish.... Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 12:09 PM

Common Genes in Neuropsychiatric Disorders

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Finding a specific genes linked to specific neuropsychiatric disorders has been a key research strategy.However, this strategy has not been entirely successful.One problem with this unitary approach is the diagnostic overlap and comorbidity common to neuropsychiatric disorders such as mood disorders and autism.A promising alternative strategy is to focus on genes that share risk with more than one neuropsychiatric condition.Amit Lotan from Israel along with colleagues from the Netherlands, Germa........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 09:56 AM

How to improve children’s taste for healthy food?

by Usman Paracha in SayPeople

Main Point:

Don’t worry, if your children don’t like to eat fruits and vegetables. You have only to involve them in cooking or food preparation classes to increase their taste and willingness for these things.

Published in:

Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice and Policy

Study Further:

Researchers are of opinion that exposing children to healthy foods is important. They have found that sending children to cooking classes or involving them in coo........ Read more »

  • December 1, 2014
  • 08:18 AM

Two Surgeons Better Than One for Living Donor Nephrectomy

by Cristy at Living Donor 101 in Living Donors Are People Too

The authors found that a fixed (permanent, not rotating) surgical team comprised of two experienced* surgeons results in shorter operative time, lower estimated blood loss and shorter length of hospital stay for the living kidney donor. The study also found that proficient assistance (ie. non-surgeon personnel in the OR) is independently associated with those positive …
Continue reading »
The post Two Surgeons Better Than One for Living Donor Nephrectomy appeared first on Living Dono........ Read more »

Özdemir-van Brunschot, D., Warlé, M., van der Jagt, M., Grutters, J., van Horne, S., Kloke, H., van der Vliet, J., Langenhuijsen, J., & d’Ancona, F. (2014) Surgical team composition has a major impact on effectiveness and costs in laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. World Journal of Urology. DOI: 10.1007/s00345-014-1428-9  

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