"The data highlight a gap in calcium and vitamin D supplement prescribing practices among providers caring for children with ASD [autism spectrum disorder] as well as a gap in the practice of checking 25(OH)D levels."So said research published by Shylaja Srinivasan and colleagues  (open-access) with findings tied into an important issue in autism research and clinical practice: potential inequalities when it comes to the provision of suitable healthcare and accessing appropriat........ Read more »
Srinivasan, S., O’Rourke, J., Bersche Golas, S., Neumeyer, A., & Misra, M. (2016) Calcium and Vitamin D Supplement Prescribing Practices among Providers Caring for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Are We Addressing Bone Health?. Autism Research and Treatment, 1-6. DOI: 10.1155/2016/6763205
Until we can figure out our lack of regenerating our bodies, or can convince more people to donate organs, we are at mercy of either luck or technology. Bio 3-D printing offers hope that we can print personalized organs as need and rejection free. But the technology relies almost solely with tissue engineers, there job is to find processes using novel bio-materials seeded with stem cells to grow and replace missing tissues.
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Tuin, S., Pourdeyhimi, B., & Loboa, E. (2016) Creating tissues from textiles: scalable nonwoven manufacturing techniques for fabrication of tissue engineering scaffolds. Biomedical Materials, 11(1), 15017. DOI: 10.1088/1748-6041/11/1/015017
The ASAP Bio conference held in February at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, US, brought together biomedicine researchers to discuss new ways to communicate research results using preprints and post-publication peer review. Renowned scientists, including several Nobel Prize winners started to deposit their articles in open access preprint repositories before proceeding with the formal publication in journals. The topic received last week the attention of the New York Times. … Read More........ Read more »
UK trainee clinical psychologists favour social and cognitive approaches to mental health rather than biological To stereotype the mental health professions, psychiatrists tend to see mental health problems as being predominantly biological in nature, while clinical psychologists see them as caused more by social circumstances. This is a generalisation, of course, because individuals in each camp hold a variety of perspectives. But surveys do usually reveal average differences in perspectiv........ Read more »
Read, R., Moberly, N., Salter, D., & Broome, M. (2016) Concepts of Mental Disorders in Trainee Clinical Psychologists. Clinical Psychology . DOI: 10.1002/cpp.2013
For the past couple of years now, a fungus called Xylaria polymorpha has been munching on the buried roots of a beheaded tree on my parents' front lawn. In the grass surrounding the stump, X. polymorpha sends up a thicket of charcoal club-like mushrooms every summer. They look kinda like a dead man's fingers, which not coincidentally happens to be a common name for the fungus.... Read more »
Sagara N. (1995) Association of ectomycorrhizal fungi with decomposed animal wastes in forest habitats: A cleaning symbiosis?. Canadian Journal of Botany, 73(S1), 1423-1433. DOI: 10.1139/b95-406
Picture: Carl Warner: http://www.carlwarner.com/I'm serving up two peer-reviewed papers for your reading delight today which draw attention to the ideas that (a) the 'causes' of autism are likely complex and as heterogeneous as the label itself, (b) gene x environment interactions affecting risk of autism are starting to get some good scientific research airtime and (c) don't 'dis the broccoli [chemical] autism connection just yet...The first paper by Brandon Pearson and colleagues  (ope........ Read more »
Pearson, B., Simon, J., McCoy, E., Salazar, G., Fragola, G., & Zylka, M. (2016) Identification of chemicals that mimic transcriptional changes associated with autism, brain aging and neurodegeneration. Nature Communications, 11173. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11173
Wong, S., Napoli, E., Krakowiak, P., Tassone, F., Hertz-Picciotto, I., & Giulivi, C. (2016) Role of p53, Mitochondrial DNA Deletions, and Paternal Age in Autism: A Case-Control Study. PEDIATRICS, 137(4). DOI: 10.1542/peds.2015-1888
Lose a hand or a leg? It will grow back… oh wait, it won’t, but why not? Trace our evolution — long before the shedding of gills or the development of opposable thumbs — and you will likely find a common ancestor with the amazing ability to regenerate lost body parts. There is theoretically no reason why we shouldn’t be able to regenerate, not quite like in the movie Deadpool, but come on, would you really complain at that point?
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Kang, J., Hu, J., Karra, R., Dickson, A., Tornini, V., Nachtrab, G., Gemberling, M., Goldman, J., Black, B., & Poss, K. (2016) Modulation of tissue repair by regeneration enhancer elements. Nature. DOI: 10.1038/nature17644
"Who wants to generate some DATA??" are probably not words you've ever said while taking your dog's leash and tennis ball from the closet. But thanks to videos of people playing with their dogs, scientists now know what words you are likely to use. They also discovered how women's tussling and tug-of-war are different from men's—and what the professionals do better.
The scientists are Alexandra Horowitz and Julie Hecht of Barnard College's Dog Cognition Lab. They asked members of the p........ Read more »
Horowitz A, & Hecht J. (2016) Examining dog-human play: the characteristics, affect, and vocalizations of a unique interspecific interaction. Animal cognition. PMID: 27003698
Essential tips for better vet visits.You stealthily trapped your cat in the lounge, but at the first sight of the carrier she ran to hide under the sofa – and she’s not coming out. You move the sofa and grab her as she flees, then get scratched in the process of forcing her into the carrier. Or you’re in the waiting room at the vet’s and your dog keeps getting up and trying to leave. When you are called to the consulting room, he parks his rear end on the floor and refuses to move.It doe........ Read more »
Lockhart, J., Wilson, K., & Lanman, C. (2013) The effects of operant training on blood collection for domestic cats. Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 143(2-4), 128-134. DOI: 10.1016/j.applanim.2012.10.011
Mariti, C., Raspanti, E., Zilocchi, M., Carlone, B., & Gazzano, A. (2015) The assessment of dog welfare in the waiting room of a veterinary clinic. Animal Welfare, 24(3), 299-305. DOI: 10.7120/096272184.108.40.2069
One of the really persistent issues in genomics is how to either get a list of things, or handle a list of things. or the overlap among the things. I think that was one of the most popular topics we dealt with in the early days of OpenHelix, but it’s still a issue that people need to […]... Read more »
Shimoyama, M., De Pons, J., Hayman, G., Laulederkind, S., Liu, W., Nigam, R., Petri, V., Smith, J., Tutaj, M., Wang, S.... (2014) The Rat Genome Database 2015: genomic, phenotypic and environmental variations and disease. Nucleic Acids Research, 43(D1). DOI: 10.1093/nar/gku1026
Why do some birds migrate and others don’t? It’s not that simple. The reason isn’t genetics, it isn’t necessarily food or weather either. There are birds that can allow their feet to go to one degree above freezing while keeping the rest of the body toasty – so they don’t need to migrate, yet other birds that are close to them genetically will fly thousands of miles. Other birds species only have a few of the adults migrate – who decides which ones make ........ Read more »
Davenport LC, Goodenough KS, & Haugaasen T. (2016) Birds of Two Oceans? Trans-Andean and Divergent Migration of Black Skimmers (Rynchops niger cinerascens) from the Peruvian Amazon. PloS one, 11(1). PMID: 26760301
Ahola MP, Laaksonen T, Eeva T, & Lehikoinen E. (2007) Climate change can alter competitive relationships between resident and migratory birds. The Journal of animal ecology, 76(6), 1045-52. PMID: 17922701
Hobson KA, Anderson RC, Soto DX, & Wassenaar LI. (2012) Isotopic evidence that dragonflies (Pantala flavescens) migrating through the Maldives come from the northern Indian subcontinent. PloS one, 7(12). PMID: 23285106
Much like the chocolate cake staring at you from the dessert tray in that fine restaurant, the narcissist initially seems irresistible—but like the cake, when you indulge in a relationship with the narcissist, you will probably end up sick to your stomach. It’s called the Chocolate Cake Model of narcissism. And it’s how today’s researchers […]
So…are you a narcissist? [The Ivy League edition]
“I am so tired of people mistaking me for a model!” [#humblebr........ Read more »
Ong CW, Roberts R, Arthur CA, Woodman T, & Akehurst S. (2016) The Leader Ship Is Sinking: A Temporal Investigation of Narcissistic Leadership. Journal of Personality, 84(2), 237-47. PMID: 25487857
Our understanding of the role of language in social life suffers from a particularly intractable problem: the terms we use...... Read more »
Vathi, Z., Duci, V., & Dhembo, E. (2016) Homeland (dis)integrations: Educational Experience, Children and Return Migration to Albania. International Migration. DOI: 10.1111/imig.12230
Former collegiate athletes who participated in collision sports (primarily football) reported lower quality of life when compared to contact or limited contact athletes.... Read more »
Simon J, & Docherty CL. (2016) Current Health-Related Quality of Life in Former National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I Collision Athletes Compared With Contact and Limited-Contact Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training. PMID: 26959296
One woman said she was proud of herscars – the "war wounds of life".In the UK, nearly 10,000 young women are diagnosed with breast cancer every year and the treatment for many is mastectomy – the surgical removal of one or more of their breasts. It's easy to assume that the effect on their body image will be negative, and UK guidelines currently state that all mastectomy patients should be told about options for reconstructive surgery. However, a key message to emerge from a new survey of yo........ Read more »
Grogan, S., & Mechan, J. (2016) Body image after mastectomy: A thematic analysis of younger womens written accounts. Journal of Health Psychology. DOI: 10.1177/1359105316630137
"This study of over 2000 children shows that the median age of ASD [autism spectrum disorder] diagnosis in the UK has not reduced in the last decade."That was the rather important message included in the study by Denise Brett and colleagues  (open-access) reporting combined results from the Daslne (Database of Children with ASD Living in the North East of England) and ASD-UK (Autism Spectrum Database-UK) initiatives. Including data from over 2100 children and families, researchers s........ Read more »
Brett, D., Warnell, F., McConachie, H., & Parr, J. (2016) Factors Affecting Age at ASD Diagnosis in UK: No Evidence that Diagnosis Age has Decreased Between 2004 and 2014. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. DOI: 10.1007/s10803-016-2716-6
Something very personal about me, the thought of suicide is never too far behind. It is to the point that I need to qualify it to my counselor when I am asked if I have thoughts of suicide, I always do. A new study shows that I am far from alone Nearly 14 percent of military veterans reported suicidal thinking at one or both phases of a two-year Veterans Affairs (VA) study.... Read more »
Smith, N., Mota, N., Tsai, J., Monteith, L., Harpaz-Rotem, I., Southwick, S., & Pietrzak, R. (2016) Nature and determinants of suicidal ideation among U.S. veterans: Results from the national health and resilience in veterans study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 66-73. DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.02.069
For today's edition of weird sports injuries, dunking a basketball is not without its risks... Read more »
Hsieh CH, & Lin GT. (2006) Thumb amputation resulting from an attempted basketball slam-dunk. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, 16(3), 274-5. PMID: 16778552
Eco-friendly behaviors, such as recycling coffee pods, are associated with a sense of pride.... Read more »
Bissing-Olson, M., Fielding, K., & Iyer, A. (2016) Experiences of pride, not guilt, predict pro-environmental behavior when pro-environmental descriptive norms are more positive. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 145-153. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2016.01.001
Most of us massively overestimate our understanding of everyday objects, like the vacuum cleaner"True wisdom is knowing what you don't know" Socrates.When we're asked how much we understand the workings of everyday things like vacuum cleaners or computer printers, most of us massively overestimate our own knowledge. This overconfidence extends beyond objects to more abstract matters, such as our comprehension of political policies, and collectively the phenomenon is known as "the illusion of exp........ Read more »
Johnson, D., Murphy, M., & Messer, R. (2016) Reflecting on Explanatory Ability: A Mechanism for Detecting Gaps in Causal Knowledge. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. DOI: 10.1037/xge0000161
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