Post List

  • March 24, 2015
  • 07:00 AM

A Universal Translator By Any Other Name…

by Mark E. Lasbury in The 'Scope

Star Trek wouldn’t have been possible without the universal translator. Who would want to watch a show where characters don’t understand each other – of course, that doesn’t stop people from watching political debates. The technology of a universal translator is easy, we have camera phones that will show you a foreign sign in your own language. It’s the software to decipher a previously unencountered language that’s proving tough to overcome. Are there any uni........ Read more »

Rao, R., Yadav, N., Vahia, M., Joglekar, H., Adhikari, R., & Mahadevan, I. (2009) Entropic Evidence for Linguistic Structure in the Indus Script. Science, 324(5931), 1165-1165. DOI: 10.1126/science.1170391  

Snyder, Benjamin, Regina Barzilay and Kevin Knight. (2010) A Statistical Model for Lost Language Decipherment. Proceedings of the 48th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, ACL 2010. info:/

  • March 24, 2015
  • 06:52 AM

Smell- Our Underrated Sense

by RAZ Rebecca A. Zarate in United Academics

Your sense of smell might help you find the perfect partner.... Read more »

Wedekind, C., Seebeck, T., Bettens, F., & Paepke, A. (1995) MHC-Dependent Mate Preferences in Humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 260(1359), 245-249. DOI: 10.1098/rspb.1995.0087  

  • March 24, 2015
  • 06:28 AM

Working at a treadmill desk boosts your memory and concentration, researchers claim

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Image from Labonté-LeMoyne et al.We're told sitting is the new smoking and that we should consider working at standing desks, or perhaps better still, treadmill desks. Indeed, the health benefits of treadmill desks are indisputable, say neuroscientists in Canada, led by Élise Labonté-LeMoyne. More contentious, these researchers explain, is the evidence for the psychological effect of such set-ups on our work performance.For instance, one study found impaired maths problem solving while w........ Read more »

Labonté-LeMoyne, �., Santhanam, R., Léger, P., Courtemanche, F., Fredette, M., & Sénécal, S. (2015) The delayed effect of treadmill desk usage on recall and attention. Computers in Human Behavior, 1-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.12.054  

  • March 24, 2015
  • 05:37 AM

More extremes of a limiting diet and autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

In a previous post a while back, I discussed some examples in the peer-reviewed literature of where a self-limiting diet in the extreme can lead to with autism in mind. Today, I'm adding a further example of what food faddism might mean, to further forward the point that "a low threshold for vitamin level testing should be undertaken in autistic spectrum disorder cases, highlighting the importance of enquiring about dietary habits."That last quote comes from the paper in question by Emma Du........ Read more »

  • March 23, 2015
  • 06:46 PM

Stress Management Reduces Depression In Breast Cancer

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Michael H. Antoni, Ph.D. Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Director, Center for Psycho-oncology Research Program co-Leader, Cancer Prevention Control and Survivorship Sylvester Cancer Center Sylvester Professor, Director Miami CTSI Pilot and Translational Studies Component … Continue reading →
The post Stress Management Reduces Depression In Breast Cancer appeared........ Read more » Interview with:, & Michael H. Antoni, Ph.D. (2015) Stress Management Reduces Depression In Breast Cancer. info:/

  • March 23, 2015
  • 06:19 PM

User-Generated Social Media May Reflect Hospital Quality

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Dr. McKinley Glover IV,  MD, MHS                                       Department of Radiology Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Glover: An increasing number of hospitals … Continue reading →
The post User-Generated Social Media May Re........ Read more » Interview with:, & Dr. McKinley Glover IV, MD, MHS. (2015) User-Generated Social Media May Reflect Hospital Quality. info:/

  • March 23, 2015
  • 04:55 PM

A Dottyback in Damsel Clothing: Color Mimicking in Fish

by Melissa Chernick in Science Storiented

I was looking around for a study and stumbled upon one about fish mimicry in Current Biology. What first caught my attention was its use of a video abstract. What a cool idea amped up a few notches by beginning with music reminiscent of Game of Thrones. Then I started to think back about posts I've done on predator-prey relationships and could only come up with 1, the One-Third for the Birds post back in 2012. Clearly it is time to revisit that topic. Oh, and while we’re at it, we’ll ........ Read more »

F. Cortesi, W.E. Feeney, M.C.O. Ferrari, P.A. Waldie, G.A.C. Phillips, E.C. McClure, H.N. Sköld, W. Salzburger, N.J. Marshall, & K.L. Cheney. (2015) Phenotypic Plasticity Confers Multiple Fitness Benefits to a Mimic. Current Biology, 25(1-6). info:/10.1016/j.cub.2015.02.013

  • March 23, 2015
  • 03:02 PM

The neurological basis for anorexia nervosa

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Most of us know about dieting, and if not first hand, have seen in the news or from friends how hard sticking to a diet long-term can be. This is because adults (regardless of their weight_ resolve to lose weight. Yet, more often than not, that chocolate lava cake is too enticing and that resolve vanishes. This behavior is normal because hunger increases the intensity of food rewards. Yet, individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN), despite their state of starvation, are able to ignore such food-rel........ Read more »

Wierenga, C., Bischoff-Grethe, A., Melrose, A., Irvine, Z., Torres, L., Bailer, U., Simmons, A., Fudge, J., McClure, S., Ely, A.... (2015) Hunger Does Not Motivate Reward in Women Remitted from Anorexia Nervosa. Biological Psychiatry, 77(7), 642-652. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.09.024  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 12:39 PM

Visualizing translation: insert TRICK pun here

by Gal Haimovich in Green Fluorescent Blog

Unlike transcription, it is much harder to image translation at the single molecule level. The reasons are numerous. For starters, transcription sites (TS) are fairly immobile, whereas mRNAs, ribosomes and proteins move freely in the cytoplasm, often very fast. Then … Continue reading →... Read more »

Halstead JM, Lionnet T, Wilbertz JH, Wippich F, Ephrussi A, Singer RH, & Chao JA. (2015) Translation. An RNA biosensor for imaging the first round of translation from single cells to living animals. Science (New York, N.Y.), 347(6228), 1367-671. PMID: 25792328  

Dieterich DC, Hodas JJ, Gouzer G, Shadrin IY, Ngo JT, Triller A, Tirrell DA, & Schuman EM. (2010) In situ visualization and dynamics of newly synthesized proteins in rat hippocampal neurons. Nature neuroscience, 13(7), 897-905. PMID: 20543841  

Rodriguez, A., Shenoy, S., Singer, R., & Condeelis, J. (2006) Visualization of mRNA translation in living cells. The Journal of Cell Biology, 175(1), 67-76. DOI: 10.1083/jcb.200512137  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 11:49 AM

Exercise May Be More Effective Than Vitamin D In Reducing Falls

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Kirsti Uusi-Rasi, PhD, Adjunct Professor Senior Researcher UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research Tampere Finland Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Kirsti Uusi-Rasi: Falls are the leading cause … Continue reading →
The post Exercise May Be More Effective Than Vitamin D In Reducing Falls appeared first on Medical R........ Read more » Interview with:, & Kirsti Uusi-Rasi, PhD, Adjunct Professo. (2015) Exercise May Be More Effective Than Vitamin D In Reducing Falls. info:/

  • March 23, 2015
  • 11:22 AM

Convergent evolution of the genomes of marine mammals

by Amaury Avril in genome ecology evolution etc

Convergent evolution is defined by the independent evolution of similar traits in different lineages, in order to adapt to similar environmental conditions. Examples of this phenomenon include adaptations to altitude in humans, independent evolution of flight in birds and bats … Continue reading →... Read more »

Foote, A., Liu, Y., Thomas, G., Vinař, T., Alföldi, J., Deng, J., Dugan, S., van Elk, C., Hunter, M., Joshi, V.... (2015) Convergent evolution of the genomes of marine mammals. Nature Genetics, 47(3), 272-275. DOI: 10.1038/ng.3198  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 11:01 AM

Smoking in Pregnancy and Child Brain Development

by William Yates, M.D. in Brain Posts

Smoking during pregnancy produces significant and diverse effects on prenatal development.These adverse effects include dysfunction in prenatal and early childhood brain development.Hanan El Marroun and colleagues from the Netherlands recently published an important childhood brain imaging study of smoking during pregnancy.One hundred and thirteen children exposed to tobacco during pregnancy were compared to a control group of unexposed children.Both groups of children between 6 and 8 years of a........ Read more »

El Marroun H, Schmidt MN, Franken IH, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A, van der Lugt A, Verhulst FC, Tiemeier H, & White T. (2014) Prenatal tobacco exposure and brain morphology: a prospective study in young children. Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology, 39(4), 792-800. PMID: 24096296  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 10:34 AM

Komodo Dragons: Their Bite is Worse than Their Bark

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

By Shelly Sonsalla Komodo Dragon. Image by Arturo de Frias Marques on Wikimedia. Komodo dragons are the world’s largest living lizard and can be found only on select islands in the Indonesian archipelago. These massive lizards can grow to be 10 feet in length and up to 150 pounds! Their natural prey includes wild boars, deer, and water buffalo—animals which may outweigh them by several hundred pounds. So how does a lizard, even such a large one, manage to take down prey so much larger tha........ Read more »

Fry, B., Wroe, S., Teeuwisse, W., van Osch, M., Moreno, K., Ingle, J., McHenry, C., Ferrara, T., Clausen, P., Scheib, H.... (2009) A central role for venom in predation by Varanus komodoensis (Komodo Dragon) and the extinct giant Varanus (Megalania) priscus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(22), 8969-8974. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0810883106  

Merchant, M., Henry, D., Falconi, R., Muscher, B., & Bryja, J. (2013) Antibacterial activities of serum from the Komodo Dragon (Varanus komodoensis). Microbiology Research, 4(1), 4. DOI: 10.4081/mr.2013.e4  

Montgomery JM, Gillespie D, Sastrawan P, Fredeking TM, & Stewart GL. (2002) Aerobic salivary bacteria in wild and captive Komodo dragons. Journal of wildlife diseases, 38(3), 545-51. PMID: 12238371  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 10:24 AM

Trial of Current Dietary Guidelines Reduced Waistlines and Cardiovascular Risk Markers

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Tom Sanders, PhD DSc Emeritus Professor of Nutrition & Dietetics, Diabetes and Nutritional Sciences Division, King’s College London London, UK Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Sanders:  Controversy … Continue reading →
The post Trial of Current Dietary Guidelines Reduced Waistlines and Cardiovascular Risk Markers appeared first on........ Read more » Interview with:, & Tom Sanders, PhD DSc. (2015) Trial of Current Dietary Guidelines Reduced Waistlines and Cardiovascular Risk Markers. info:/

  • March 23, 2015
  • 07:05 AM

Pictures, Not Paragraphs

by Viputheshwar Sitaraman in Draw Science

Old and new literature confirm the common idea that visual communication and learning is far more effective and appealing than just text.... Read more »

W. Howard Levie, & Richard Lentz. (1982) Effects of text illustrations: A review of research. Educational Technology Research , 30(4), 195-232. info:/10.1007/BF02765184

  • March 23, 2015
  • 07:02 AM

“We need smart jurors so we should keep the lighter skinned Black guy”

by Rita Handrich in The Jury Room

Most of us have heard of the preference for lighter skin within the African-American community. Some of us have also heard of “colorism” in general—a bias shared by many in our culture. Recently, author Lance Hannon (a sociologist from Villanova University) used data from the 2012 American National Election Study and found that Whites in […]

Related posts:

Lighter Skin, More Like Me

If your client is Atheist or Muslim, do you want your Christian jurors to be Black or ........ Read more »

Hannon, L. (2015) White Colorism. Social Currents, 2(1), 13-21. DOI: 10.1177/2329496514558628  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 06:33 AM

Sustainability: Do Supply Management and Global Sourcing Matter? (Guest Post by Jury Gualandris, UCD)

by Andreas Wieland in Supply Chain Management Research

Is it possible to achieve high environmental and social performance in global supply chains? I am happy to share the following guest post by Dr. Jury Gualandris, shedding some light on this problem. Thank you for contributing to my blog. Increasing demand from a variety of stakeholders has pushed firms to improve environmental and social […]... Read more »

Gualandris, J., Golini, R., & Kalchschmidt, M. (2014) Do Supply Management and Global Sourcing Matter for Firm Sustainability Performance?. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 19(3), 258-274. DOI: 10.1108/SCM-11-2013-0430  

  • March 23, 2015
  • 06:13 AM

Team effectiveness is disproportionately influenced by your group's best performer or "extra-miler"

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

The quality of a team's best performer (the "extra miler") is diagnostic of the group's overall effectiveness.In The Hobbit, fifteen companions come together on a quest for a dragon’s treasure. Traditional team analysis would judge "Thorin and Company" on the sum of its parts: Ori is stalwart, and Dori strongly stalwart, and, ok, Bifur seems stalwart enough … a fairly stalwart team, then. But we’re beginning to understand that single individuals can have a disproportionate impact on g........ Read more »

  • March 23, 2015
  • 05:48 AM

Early life probiotics reducing the risk of subsequent neuropsychiatric disorder?

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

With my continued interest in all-things gut microbiome on this blog (see here for example) it is little wonder that I was taken to blog about the study findings from Anna Pärtty and colleagues [1] reporting that: "Probiotic supplementation early in life may reduce the risk of neuropsychiatric disorder development later in childhood." Probiotic by the way, refers to various 'live' organisms (bacteria, yeasts) thought to confer some positive effect on health and/or wellbeing.Not only does such a........ Read more »

  • March 22, 2015
  • 05:50 PM

Acne: Potassium Monitoring May Not Be Necessary For Spironolactone Therapy

by Marie Benz in Medical Research Interviews and News Interview with: Dr. Arash Mostaghimi, MD, MPA Director of Dermatology Inpatient Service Brigham and Women’s Hospital Boston, MA     Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Mostaghimi: Spironolactone, a generic … Continue reading →
The post Acne: Potassium Monitoring May Not Be Necessary For Spironolactone Therapy appeared first on M........ Read more » Interview with:, & Dr. Arash Mostaghimi, MD, MPA. (2015) Acne: Potassium Monitoring May Not Be Necessary For Spironolactone Therapy. info:/

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