Post List

  • February 27, 2015
  • 07:04 PM
  • 1 view

ME/CFS is real: confirmation if it is needed...

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

"Scientists discover robust evidence that chronic fatigue syndrome is a biological illness" went the title of the press release for the study by Mady Hornig and colleagues [1] (open-access) detailing an immune 'signature' and also possible staging of the illness.I couldn't help but wince at some of the media headlines reporting on this study as 'proof' that chronic fatigue syndrome / myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) is a real illness. As I've indicated before on this blog (see here) anyon........ Read more »

Mady Hornig, José G. Montoya, Nancy G. Klimas, Susan Levine, Donna Felsenstein, Lucinda Bateman, Daniel L. Peterson, C. Gunnar Gottschalk, Andrew F. Schultz, Xiaoyu Che.... (2015) Distinct plasma immune signatures in ME/CFS are present early in the course of illness. Science Advances, 1(1). info:/http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1400121

  • February 27, 2015
  • 05:23 PM
  • 4 views

New compounds protect nerves from the damage of MS

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Autoimmune diseases are tough to live with, frankly we don’t really understand the reasons they start at all, how to treat them, or even where to start in forming a cure. Well there might be some good news — as far as a treatment goes anyway — a newly characterized group of pharmacological compounds block both the inflammation and nerve cell damage seen in mouse models of multiple sclerosis.... Read more »

Haines, J., Herbin, O., de la Hera, B., Vidaurre, O., Moy, G., Sun, Q., Fung, H., Albrecht, S., Alexandropoulos, K., McCauley, D.... (2015) Nuclear export inhibitors avert progression in preclinical models of inflammatory demyelination. Nature Neuroscience. DOI: 10.1038/nn.3953  

  • February 27, 2015
  • 12:02 PM
  • 12 views

Good News, Northerners: Birds from Harsher Climates Are Smarter

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish



You won't see a chickadee shoveling out a parking space and claiming it with a folding chair, no matter how good your binoculars are. But birds, too, have to be resourceful when they live in inhospitable climates. Travel just 600 meters up a mountain, and you'll find chickadees vastly more clever than their peers living a more comfortable life below.

How do you test the cleverness of birds? Using tubes with tasty worms inside, naturally. Biologists don't like to call animals "smart," thou... Read more »

  • February 27, 2015
  • 11:17 AM
  • 22 views

How Deep Mind learns to win

by neuroecology in Neuroecology

About a year ago, DeepMind was bought for half a billion dollars by Google for creating software that could learn to beat video games. Over the past year, DeepMind has detailed how they did it. Let us say that you were … Continue reading →... Read more »

Mnih V, Kavukcuoglu K, Silver D, Rusu AA, Veness J, Bellemare MG, Graves A, Riedmiller M, Fidjeland AK, Ostrovski G.... (2015) Human-level control through deep reinforcement learning. Nature, 518(7540), 529-533. PMID: 25719670  

Volodymyr Mnih, Koray Kavukcuoglu, David Silver, Alex Graves, Ioannis Antonoglou, Daan Wierstra, & Martin Riedmiller. (2013) Playing Atari with Deep Reinforcement Learning. arXiv. arXiv: 1312.5602v1

  • February 27, 2015
  • 10:45 AM
  • 21 views

History Of Bariatric Surgery Has Risks and Benefits For Pregnancy

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Kari Johansson, PhD Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet Clinical Epidemiology Karolinska University Hospital Stockholm, Sweden   MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Johannson: The number of women who … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Kari Johansson, PhD. (2015) History Of Bariatric Surgery Has Risks and Benefits For Pregnancy. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 27, 2015
  • 10:44 AM
  • 10 views

Breaking Research: Separable short- and long-term memories can form after a momentous occasion

by Bethany Christmann in Fly on the Wall

When was your first kiss? What were you doing the last time you heard life-changing news? After only a single experience, your brain was somehow able to form a long-term memory of these events. This phenomenon has baffled neuroscientists for decades, but in a recent paper published in PNAS, Yamagata et al. report a surprising […]... Read more »

Yamagata Nobuhiro, Yoshinori Aso, Pierre-Yves Plaçais, Anja B. Friedrich, Richard J. Sima, Thomas Preat, Gerald M. Rubin, & Hiromu Tanimoto. (2014) Distinct dopamine neurons mediate reward signals for short- and long-term memories. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(2), 578-583. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1421930112  

  • February 27, 2015
  • 09:47 AM
  • 6 views

Respiratory Viral Infections Leading to Pediatric Pneumonia

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Seema Jain, MD Medical Epidemiologist Epidemiology and Prevention Branch, Influenza Division Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA 30329 MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Jain: Pneumonia is … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Seema Jain, MD. (2015) Respiratory Viral Infections Leading to Pediatric Pneumonia. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 27, 2015
  • 08:07 AM
  • 17 views

Primary Care Residents Ill-Equiped To Screen For Binge Alcohol

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Kristy Barnes Le MD Department of Internal Medicine Wake Forest School of Medicine Winston-Salem, NC Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Because about 1 in 6 Americans … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dr. Kristy Barnes Le MD. (2015) Primary Care Residents Ill-Equiped To Screen For Binge Alcohol. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 27, 2015
  • 04:37 AM
  • 21 views

Hyperprolactinemia and risperidone use in autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The findings reported by Yaowaluck Hongkaew and colleagues [1] (open-access) on prolactin levels being "positively and significantly associated with risperidone dose" in cases of children and adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the point of discussion today.Prolactin by the way, is the hormone most commonly associated with stimulating breast development and milk production in women. To quote from the US National Institute of Health (NIH) entry on prolactin: "There is ........ Read more »

Hongkaew Y, Ngamsamut N, Puangpetch A, Vanwong N, Srisawasdi P, Chamnanphon M, Chamkrachchangpada B, Tan-Kam T, Limsila P, & Sukasem C. (2015) Hyperprolactinemia in Thai children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder treated with risperidone. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 191-6. PMID: 25653528  

  • February 26, 2015
  • 10:28 PM
  • 8 views

Majority of Asthma Patients Do Not Use Inhalers Correctly

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Rana Suzette Bonds, MD The University of Texas Medical Branch MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Bonds: Both anaphylaxis and asthma can be life threatening disorders requiring prompt treatment. Each disorder can be successfully treated with medication … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Rana Suzette Bonds, MD. (2015) Majority of Asthma Patients Do Not Use Inhalers Correctly. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 09:54 PM
  • 7 views

Amblyopia Helped By Two Hours of Patching

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Eric Crouch, MD, FAAO, FAAP, FACS Vice Chair, PEDIGAssociate Professor Department of Ophthalmology Eastern Virginia Medical School Assistant Professor Department of Pediatrics Eastern Virginia Medical School Chief of Ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters Norfolk, Virginia … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Eric Crouch, MD, FAAO, FAAP, FACS. (2015) Amblyopia Helped By Two Hours of Patching. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 05:39 PM
  • 26 views

Research Aims To Understand Heart Failure In Women

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dawn Pedrotty, MD, PhD Cardiovascular Medicine Fellowship University of Pennsylvania MedicalResearch: What is the background for this review? What are the main findings? Dr. Pedrotty: Heart failure (HF) is the most common cause for hospitalization among patients … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dawn Pedrotty, MD, PhD. (2015) Research Aims To Understand Heart Failure In Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 04:05 PM
  • 24 views

Women With Atrial Fibrillation At Greater Risk Of Stroke Than Men

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Gregory YH Lip MD, FRCP (London, Edinburgh, Glasgow), DFM, FACC, FESC Professor of Cardiovascular Medicine, Adjunct Professor of Cardiovascular Sciences, Thrombosis Research Unit, Aalborg University, Denmark; Aston Centre for Cardiovascular Sciences City Hospital Birmingham England UK Medical … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Gregory YH Lip MD, FRCP (. (2015) Women With Atrial Fibrillation At Greater Risk Of Stroke Than Men. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 03:38 PM
  • 22 views

Children’s Diet Not Affected By Healthy Supermarket in Previous ‘Food Desert’

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Brian Elbel, PhD, MPH Associate Professor, Department of Population Health; Associate Professor, Department of Medicine Population Health NYU School of Medicine Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Dr. Elbel: … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Brian Elbel, PhD, MPH. (2015) Children's Diet Not Affected By Healthy Supermarket in Previous 'Food Desert'. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 03:26 PM
  • 26 views

1% of US Population Accounts for Over 22% of Health Care Costs

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Steven B. Cohen, Ph.D. Director, Center for Financing, Access and Cost Trends Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Rockville, Maryland 20850 MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. Cohen: Health care expenditures represent more than … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Steven B. Cohen, Ph.D. (2015) 1% of US Population Accounts for Over 22% of Health Care Costs. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 03:04 PM
  • 63 views

Dr. Frankenstein might be impressed, the human head transplant

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

Sure it sounds like something from the book Frankenstein, but Sergio Canavero of the Turin Advanced Neuromodulation Group has made it known that he intends to announce at this summer’s American Academy of Neurological and Orthopedic Surgeons meeting, that he believes he has put together a group of techniques that should make it possible to attach a human donor body to a head.... Read more »

  • February 26, 2015
  • 11:02 AM
  • 49 views

Some student-professor pairings lead to "unusually effective teaching" (and it's possible to predict which ones)

by BPS Research Digest in BPS Research Digest

Video trailers can be used to predict whichlecturers are the best teachers, and whichstudents they are especially suited to.In the near future, students could be presented with a series of video trailers of different professors at their university. Based on their ratings of these videos, the students will be paired with the professors who provide the best fit. The outcome will be superior learning, and greater student satisfaction.That's the promise of a new study that asked 145 psychology under........ Read more »

Gross, J., Lakey, B., Lucas, J., LaCross, R., R. Plotkowski, A., & Winegard, B. (2015) Forecasting the student-professor matches that result in unusually effective teaching. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 85(1), 19-32. DOI: 10.1111/bjep.12049  

  • February 26, 2015
  • 09:21 AM
  • 31 views

Young Women With Heart Attack May Have Confusing Symptoms

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Judith Lichtman, PhD, MPH Associate Professor (with tenure) Chair, Department of Chronic Disease Epidemiology Yale School of Public Health New Haven, CT 06520-803 Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Judith Lichtman, PhD, MPH. (2015) Young Women With Heart Attack May Have Confusing Symptoms. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 08:58 AM
  • 31 views

ADHD Linked To Increased Risk of Accidents and Premature Death

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr Søren Dalsgaard National Centre for Register-based Research Aarhus University Denmark Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: This is the first large-scale prospective study of all-cause-mortality in people … Continue reading →... Read more »

Dr Søren Dalsgaard, National Centre for Register-based Research, & Aarhus University Denmark. (2015) ADHD Linked To Increased Risk of Accidents and Premature Death. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • February 26, 2015
  • 07:46 AM
  • 31 views

Scientists Complete First Steps Toward Making Sperm and Eggs From Skin Stem Cells

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jacob (Yaqub) Hanna  M.D. Ph.D. Kimmel Investigator | NYSCF Robertson Investigator The Department of Molecular Genetics Weizmann Institute of Science, Israel MedicalResearch: Could this be helpful for any individual with infertility problems?  Dr Hanna: Our research is focused on taking … Continue reading →... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Jacob (Yaqub) Hanna M.D. Ph.D. (2015) Scientists Complete First Steps Toward Making Sperm and Eggs From Skin Stem Cells. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

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