Standardised methods and broadly accepeted reference data are the bread and butter of molecular epidemiological studies of infectious organisms. This post highlights some of the issues related to molecular epidemiology terminology and draws parallels between research in Blastocystis and Cryptosporidium.... Read more »
Alfellani MA, Taner-Mulla D, Jacob AS, Imeede CA, Yoshikawa H, Stensvold CR, & Clark CG. (2013) Genetic diversity of blastocystis in livestock and zoo animals. Protist, 164(4), 497-509. PMID: 23770574
Šlapeta J. (2013) Cryptosporidiosis and Cryptosporidium species in animals and humans: a thirty colour rainbow?. International journal for parasitology, 43(12-13), 957-70. PMID: 23973380
Kotloff KL, Nataro JP, Blackwelder WC, Nasrin D, Farag TH, Panchalingam S, Wu Y, Sow SO, Sur D, Breiman RF.... (2013) Burden and aetiology of diarrhoeal disease in infants and young children in developing countries (the Global Enteric Multicenter Study, GEMS): a prospective, case-control study. Lancet, 382(9888), 209-22. PMID: 23680352
Stensvold CR, Suresh GK, Tan KS, Thompson RC, Traub RJ, Viscogliosi E, Yoshikawa H, & Clark CG. (2007) Terminology for Blastocystis subtypes--a consensus. Trends in parasitology, 23(3), 93-6. PMID: 17241816
Xiao L, Ryan UM, Fayer R, Bowman DD, & Zhang L. (2012) Cryptosporidium tyzzeri and Cryptosporidium pestis: which name is valid?. Experimental parasitology, 130(3), 308-9. PMID: 22230707
Striepen B. (2013) Parasitic infections: Time to tackle cryptosporidiosis. Nature, 503(7475), 189-91. PMID: 24236315
Myself (Miles Bore), Don Munro and David Powis have spent the last 15 years developing and testing personality questionnaires and ability tests for use in the selection of medical students. While much of the focus of our research has been the use of these tests in Australia and the UK, we have also had opportunities to trial the tests in countries where English is not the first language such as Sweden, Israel, Japan, Taiwan, Nepal and Fiji. Recently we were approached by Saharnaz Nedjat from Teh........ Read more »
Nedjat, S., Bore, M., Majdzadeh, R., Rashidian, A., Munro, D., Powis, D., Karbakhsh, M., . (2013) Comparing the cognitive, personality and moral characteristics of high school and graduate medical entrants to the Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran. Medical Teacher, 35(12), 1632-1637. DOI: 10.3109/0142159X.2013.826791
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have devised a new way to realize electrical conductivity in metal-organic framework (MOF) materials. This development could have profound implications for the future of electronics, sensors, energy conversion and energy storage.... Read more »
Talin A.A., Centrone A., Ford A.C., Foster M.E., Stavila V., Haney P., Kinney R.A., Szalai V., El Gabaly F., Yoon H.P.... (2013) Tunable Electrical Conductivity in Metal-Organic Framework Thin-Film Devices. Science. PMID: 24310609
Tom van Hemert and Ray Hueting of the University of Twente’s MESA Institute for Nanotechnology have found a way to “plug” leakage current in transistors by “squeezing” the transistor with a piezoelectric material.... Read more »
Patrick StiffCreditA new study lead by an oncologist at Loyola University Medical Center has found that growing cord blood stem cells in a laboratory before transplanting them into patients significantly improves survival.The cell-expansion technology potentially could boost the number of patients who could benefit from life-saving transplants of stem cells derived from umbilical cord blood, said Patrick Stiff, MD, lead author of the study. Stiff, director of Loyola's Cardinal Bernardin Canc........ Read more »
Patrick J Stiff, Pau Montesinos, Tony Peled, Efrat Landau, Noga Rosenheimer, , Julie Mandel, Nira Hasson, Esti Olesinski, Ela Glukhman, David A. Snyder, Einat Galamidi Cohen, Orna Srur Kidron,Dalia Bracha, Dorit Harati, Keren Ben-Abu, Etty Freind, Lauren. (2013) StemEx®(Copper Chelation Based) Ex Vivo Expanded Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (UCBT) Accelerates Engraftment and Improves 100 Day Survival In Myeloablated Patients Compared To a Registry Cohort Undergoing Double Unit UCBT: Results Of a . Annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology. info:/
The relationship between football-related head injury and brain disorders is an important research topic.Case reports of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) continue to emerge among retired NFL football players.In a previous post, I have summarized a Mayo Clinic study finding limited evidence for increased brain injury in a cohort of high school football players.In another related post, I summarized research demonstrating college football players with sport-related head trauma had evidence of........ Read more »
Hazrati LN, Tartaglia MC, Diamandis P, Davis KD, Green RE, Wennberg R, Wong JC, Ezerins L, & Tator CH. (2013) Absence of chronic traumatic encephalopathy in retired football players with multiple concussions and neurological symptomatology. Frontiers in human neuroscience, 222. PMID: 23745112
"I was certain it was something new when I saw it," says Chris Martine of the bush tomato species he discovered in the Australian outback. It's a scrappy, spiny shrub with crinkly purple flowers that thrives on fire. It also uses treachery to survive, disguising its female flowers with fake male parts and even fake pollen.A botanist and biodiversity scientist at Bucknell University, Martine explains that the new plant "was on the radar of a few local botanists as being an oddball." Martine had b........ Read more »
Christopher T. Martine, David E. Symon, & Elizabeth C. Evans. (2013) A new cryptically dioecious species of bush tomato (Solanum) from the Northern Territory, Australia. PhytoKeys. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.30.6003
One of the largest known craters in the solar system on Moon, i.e. 2,500 mile crater that was formed by a huge impact about 4 billion years ago could help scientists in studying the Moon’s lower crust and mantle.
Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets
Crater refers to a bowl-shaped hole on the surface of the Moon or a planet caused by the impact of a meteorite. You can also say that it is a large hole in the ground or a ........ Read more »
D. P. Moriarty et al. (2013) Compositional heterogeneity of central peaks within the South Pole-Aitken Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. DOI: 10.1002/2013JE004376
The beetle and the stars Dung beetle use the sun, the moon and, as recently discovered, the stars (the Milky Way) for orientation... Read more »
I'm self-employed and often need to get work done in a variety of locations. In theory, I should be most productive at home, with everything at my fingertips, but sometimes the exact reverse is true (which explains why I'm writing this from a cafe). So it was a treat to read a recent article by Mona Mustafa and Michael Gold on managing 'temporal and physical boundaries among self-employed teleworkers.' The article reports on a number of practices that may be useful to anyone in this situation.Th........ Read more »
Mona Mustafa, & Michael Gold. (2013) ‘Chained to my work’? Strategies to manage temporal and physical boundaries among self-employed teleworkers . Human Resource Management Journal, 23(4), 413-429. info:/
For some it's lying on a sun-drenched beach sipping sangria, for others it's wallowing in a cosy cocoon munching on chocolate and playing video games. Many people will admit that these or other immediate indulgences are what makes them happy. And yet, even given the freedom and resources to live a life of hedonism, many of us find it's not enough - we want to have meaning in our lives too.Unfortunately, what we mean by "meaning" has largely been neglected by psychologists. But now Roy Baumeister........ Read more »
Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen D. Vohs, Jennifer L. Aaker, & Emily N. Garbinsky. (2013) Some key differences between a happy life and a meaningful life. Journal of Positive Psychology. DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2013.830764
You probably noticed a few things about TheEGG: a recent decrease in blog post frequency and an overall focus on the algorithmic lens — especially its view of biology. You might also be surprised by the lack of discussion of quantum information processing: the most successful on-going application of the algorithmic lens. I actually first […]... Read more »
According to researchers at the Pennsylvania State University, it is possible for some companies to economically convert their operations to wood power.... Read more »
Biomass boiler conversion potential in the eastern United States. (2013) Biomass boiler conversion potential in the eastern United States. Renewable Energy, 439-453. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2013.07.019
John Koreth (left) and Edwin P. Alyea (right)Adding bortezomib (marketed as Velcade) to standard preventive therapy for graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) results in improved outcomes for patients receiving stem-cell transplants from mismatched and unrelated donors, according to a new study by researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute.In a new phase 2 trial, patients treated with bortezomib had lower rates of severe acute GVHD and treatment-related mortality. The patients experienced better ........ Read more »
John Koreth, Edwin P. Alyea,Haesook Kim, Joseph Antin. (2013) A Bortezomib-Based Regimen Offers Excellent Outcomes In Myeloablative HLA-Mismatched and Unrelated Donor Transplantation: Phase II Results. American Society of Hematology annual meeting. info:/
"We just found one of our Kingsnakes doing something really cool."
It was 2006 and we had recently started radio-tracking about a dozen Kingsnakes (Lampropeltis getula) in a big chunk of longleaf pine forest in southwestern Georgia. Kingsnakes were fascinating to me because they were a big, recognizable species for which we knew next to nothing. In fact, this was ... Read more »
Steen, D.A., Linehan, J.M., & Smith, L.L. (2010) Multiscale habitat selection and refuge use of common kingsnakes, Lampropeltis getula, in southwestern Georgia. Copeia, 227-231. DOI: 10.1643/CE-09-092
C.T. Winne, & et al. (2007) Enigmatic decline of a protected population of eastern kingsnakes, Lampropeltis getula, in South Carolina. Copeia, 507-519. DOI: 10.1643/0045-8511(2007)2007[507:EDOAPP]2.0.CO;2
“But, right now, do you think I made you stronger or weaker?” “I felt the flash and as we talked through it… it made me stronger.” I can trace my interest in neuroscience quite directly to when I was nine and my teacher showed us a video of the famous Penfield Experiments (see above, I’m pretty sure […]... Read more »
Parvizi J, Rangarajan V, Shirer W, Desai N, & Greicius MD. (2013) The Will to Persevere Induced by Electrical Stimulation of the Human Cingulate Gyrus. Neuron. DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2013.10.057
A new spectroscopic technique developed at Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source could help scientists study and improve advanced materials for batteries.... Read more »
Liu X, Wang D, Liu G, Srinivasan V, Liu Z, Hussain Z, & Yang W. (2013) Distinct charge dynamics in battery electrodes revealed by in situ and operando soft X-ray spectroscopy. Nature communications, 2568. PMID: 24100759
Astronomers have found that stars in the very beginning of universe used very little dust. This finding has enhanced the mysteriousness of the formation of very early stars.
Very little dust in the early universe:
Our present knowledge shows that a huge amount of dust and gas is required to make stars and galaxies but this recent study has opposed our present knowledge. This study is presenting very little dust in the early unive........ Read more »
According to data from the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) around seven million liters of dispersants were used to combat oil pollution in the Gulf of Mexico. Now, researchers from the Queen’s University at Kingston say that dispersants may not be as harmful to fish as first thought.... Read more »
Adams J., Sweezey M., & Hodson P.V. (2013) Oil and oil dispersant do not cause synergistic toxicity to fish embryos. Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC. PMID: 24115182
Implicit gut feelings of newlyweds predict the succes of a marriage, new research suggests. ... Read more »
McNulty, J.K, Olson, M.A., Meltzer, A.L. . (2013) Though they may be unaware, newlyweds implicitly know whether their marriage will be satisfying. Science. DOI: 10.1126/science.1243140
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