Post List

  • September 2, 2015
  • 02:13 AM
  • 10 views

Sub-threshold autistic traits and creativity

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I was intrigued by the results reported by Catherine Best and colleagues [1] recently and the suggestion that yet another sweeping generalisation attributed to autism (or at least autistic traits) might turn out to be not as accurate or universal as we might have all been led to believe.Based on the analysis of data from over 300 people who completed an on-line questionnaire (anonymously) measuring autistic traits, researchers reported that creative ideas as measured by a divergent thinking task........ Read more »

  • September 1, 2015
  • 05:47 PM
  • 0 views

Does Everyone Dream?

by Neuroskeptic in Neuroskeptic_Discover

Everyone dreams - even people who believe that they "never dream" and can't remember any of their dreams. That's according to a group of French researchers writing in the Journal of Sleep Research: Evidence that non-dreamers do dream.





In questionnaire surveys, up to 6.5% of people report that they 'never dream'. Although most of these people report having dreamed at some point in the past, roughly 1 in every 250 people say that they can't remember ever dreaming - not even once.

But... Read more »

  • September 1, 2015
  • 01:34 PM
  • 22 views

Researchers help identify neural basis of multitasking

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

What makes someone better at switching between different tasks? Looking for the mechanisms behind cognitive flexibility, researchers have used brain scans to shed new light on this question. By studying networks of activity in the brain’s frontal cortex, a region associated with control over thoughts and actions, the researchers have shown that the degree to which these networks reconfigure themselves while switching from task to task predicts people’s cognitive flexibility.... Read more »

  • September 1, 2015
  • 12:06 PM
  • 22 views

Parasitized Bees May Self-Medicate with Nectar

by Elizabeth Preston in Inkfish



Mary Poppins taught us that a spoonful of sugar makes the medicine go down. A bumblebee's favorite sugary drink may already be laced with medicine. And bees seem to dose themselves with medicinal nectar when they're suffering from a gut full of parasites.

Plants manufacture many chemical compounds to defend against attackers. Some of these are familiar to humans—like capsaicin, the potent weapon made by chili pepper plants. But not every animal enjoys painful food experiences like we do........ Read more »

  • September 1, 2015
  • 10:25 AM
  • 17 views

The blastocyst achieves on-time implantation by entosis

by Xiaofei Sun in the Node

The process of embryo implantation consists of multiple steps: blastocyst apposition, adhesion to uterine luminal epithelial (LE) cells, and removal of the epithelial cells encasing the blastocysts. How the blastocyst trophectoderm breaches the luminal epithelial barrier has been studied for decades, the mechanism of the abstraction of LE cells was not clearly understood. Since the[...]

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The post The blastocyst achieves on-time implantation by entosis appeared first on the Node.
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Finn CA, & McLaren A. (1967) A study of the early stages of implantation in mice. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 259-267. info:/10.1530/jrf.0.0130259

Krehbiel RH. (1937) Cytological Studies of the Decidual Reaction in the Rat during Early Pregnancy and in the Production of Deciduomata. Physiological Zoology, 212-234. info:/

Sun X, Zhang L, Xie H, Wan H, Magella B, Whitsett JA, & Dey SK. (2012) Kruppel-like factor 5 (KLF5) is critical for conferring uterine receptivity to implantation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109(4), 1145-1150. PMID: 22233806  

Wang H, & Dey SK. (2006) Roadmap to embryo implantation: clues from mouse models. Nature reviews. Genetics, 7(3), 185-199. PMID: 16485018  

  • September 1, 2015
  • 08:38 AM
  • 22 views

This Month in Blastocystis Research (AUG 2015)

by Christen Rune Stensvold in Blastocystis Parasite Blog

When is a parasite not a parasite? Where lies the border between parasites and mutalists? Are we letting some of our common colonisers down by mere predjudice? Find out in This Month of Blastocystis Research (AUG 2015).... Read more »

Andersen LO, Bonde I, Nielsen HB, & Stensvold CR. (2015) A retrospective metagenomics approach to studying Blastocystis. FEMS microbiology ecology, 91(7). PMID: 26130823  

Lukeš J, Stensvold CR, Jirků-Pomajbíková K, & Wegener Parfrey L. (2015) Are Human Intestinal Eukaryotes Beneficial or Commensals?. PLoS pathogens, 11(8). PMID: 26270819  

Scanlan PD, Stensvold CR, Rajilić-Stojanović M, Heilig HG, De Vos WM, O'Toole PW, & Cotter PD. (2014) The microbial eukaryote Blastocystis is a prevalent and diverse member of the healthy human gut microbiota. FEMS microbiology ecology, 90(1), 326-30. PMID: 25077936  

  • September 1, 2015
  • 03:30 AM
  • 51 views

5 Study Skills to Accelerate Your Learning

by Winston Sieck in Thinker Academy

So much to learn. Will it ever end? Nope. You will be learning for the rest of your life. School is simply a kick starter. No matter what path you take in life after school, learning will be part of it. Yet, the forever journey to develop your talents doesn’t have to be nerve-racking or…
Check out 5 Study Skills to Accelerate Your Learning, an original post on Thinker Academy.
... Read more »

  • September 1, 2015
  • 03:07 AM
  • 35 views

Let's talk about sex and autism (reviewed)

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

The review from Nicola Beddows and Rachel Brooks [1] highlighting the important issue of sexual behaviour with autism in mind is brought to your attention today.Trawling through the peer-reviewed literature looking at reports of inappropriate sexual behaviour present in adolescents diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the authors concluded that various behaviours were included and that there were a variety of possible reasons for said behaviours. Indeed they report that: "Despi........ Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 06:23 PM
  • 25 views

Abdominal Obesity Raises Risk of Breast Cancer in Pre and Post Menopausal Women

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr. Alexandra White PhD in Epidemiology University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Postdoctoral fellow National Institute of Environmental Health Science MedicalResearch: What is the background for this study? Dr. White: Many studies have shown that being … Continue reading →
The post Abdominal Obesity Raises Risk of Breast Cancer in Pre and Post Menopausal Women appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dr. Alexandra White PhD in Epidemiology. (2015) Abdominal Obesity Raises Risk of Breast Cancer in Pre and Post Menopausal Women. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 31, 2015
  • 06:02 PM
  • 27 views

Study Reports High Prevalence of Military Sexual Trauma Among Recent Veterans

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Shannon K. Barth MPH Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Public Health, Post Deployment Health Epidemiology Program Washington, District of Columbia Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: This study used data from the … Continue reading →
The post Study Reports High Prevalence of Military Sexual Trauma Among Recent Veterans appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Shannon K. Barth MPH. (2015) Study Reports High Prevalence of Military Sexual Trauma Among Recent Veterans. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 31, 2015
  • 04:09 PM
  • 36 views

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate is a picky antidote

by Rosin Cerate in Rosin Cerate

Sodium formaldehyde sulfoxylate, a small sulfur-containing molecule with a propensity to give away its electrons (i.e. a strong reducing agent), has many names and many uses. One of its aliases, rongalite, comes from “rongeage", a French word meaning discharge. It refers to the industrial use of the molecule as a bleaching agent to remove colour from textiles (e.g. to create a white design on a dyed background) and other materials (e.g. to clear up discoloured sugar juice squeezed from plants)........ Read more »

Kotha S, & Khedkar P. (2012) Rongalite: A useful green reagent in organic synthesis. Chemical Reviews, 112(3), 1650-80. PMID: 22107104  

  • August 31, 2015
  • 02:24 PM
  • 46 views

Television viewing linked to higher injury risk in hostile people

by Dr. Jekyll in Lunatic Laboratories

People with hostile personality traits who watch more television than their peers may be at a greater risk for injury, potentially because they are more susceptible to the influence of television on violence and risk-taking behaviors, a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis discovered.... Read more »

Fabio, A., Chen, C., Dearwater, S., Jacobs, D., Erickson, D., Matthews, K., Iribarren, C., Sidney, S., & Pereira, M. (2015) Television viewing and hostile personality trait increase the risk of injuries. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2015.1061560  

  • August 31, 2015
  • 01:43 PM
  • 53 views

The Last Day of Summer

by Aurametrix team in Environmental health

Is that it? Summer is finally over. And so is the sweet melancholy of August, listening to nature sounds - soothing ocean waves or a chorus of crickets while sitting on a porch, sun drying you with warm rays... It's the end of the holiday break.Tomorrow is September, the second most stressful month of the year. It is known for stock market volatility and big financial crashes, strategic planning meetings, storms and tornadoes, hectic days at work, the season of "back to school" and the time for ........ Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 10:09 AM
  • 50 views

Cow Pies Can Make You Smarter and Less Stressed

by Miss Behavior in The Scorpion and the Frog

It seems like everyone is running around buying school supplies and books, registering for classes, and fretting about how hard it is going to be to learn another whole year’s worth of stuff. The secret to success, it turns out, may lie in cow dung.A cow pie. Photo taken by Jeff Vanuga at the USDA available at Wikimedia Commons.Recent research has highlighted the important role that microbes living in animal digestive tracts have on host animals’ health and behavior. This influence of our gu........ Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 09:06 AM
  • 25 views

Algorithm Attempts To Overcome Medical Intolerance In Hypertensive Patients

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Dr M Lobo PhD FRCP Director Barts BP Centre of Excellence Consultant Physician and Hon Senior Lecturer NIHR Barts Cardiovascular Biomedical Research Unit William Harvey Research Institute, London Medical Research: What hypothesis did you set out to investigate … Continue reading →
The post Algorithm Attempts To Overcome Medical Intolerance In Hypertensive Patients appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Dr M Lobo PhD FRCP. (2015) Algorithm Attempts To Overcome Medical Intolerance In Hypertensive Patients. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 31, 2015
  • 08:41 AM
  • 23 views

ID Badges and Lanyards Appear To Have Low Risk of Viral Spread In Hospitals

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Daryl R. Cheng, MBBS Monash Children’s Hospital Victoria, Australia   Medical Research: What is the background for this study? What are the main findings? Response: Inanimate objects worn and used by health care workers (HCW), such as neckties and stethoscopes,  have been shown to be reservoirs for potential pathogens. Of particular concern in the pediatric setting are identity (ID) badges and lanyards. Many pediatric........ Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Daryl R. Cheng, MBBS. (2015) ID Badges and Lanyards Appear To Have Low Risk of Viral Spread In Hospitals. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 31, 2015
  • 07:04 AM
  • 26 views

Popular TV Shows Depict Overly Optimistic CPR Success

by Marie Benz in MedicalResearch.com

MedicalResearch.com Interview with: Jaclyn Portanova, Ph.D student School of Gerontology University of Southern California Davis Medical Research: What is the background for this study? Response: Over the past two decades, we have made a lot of progress in educating the … Continue reading →
The post Popular TV Shows Depict Overly Optimistic CPR Success appeared first on MedicalResearch.com Medical Research Interviews and News.
... Read more »

MedicalResearch.com Interview with:, & Jaclyn Portanova, Ph.D. (2015) Popular TV Shows Depict Overly Optimistic CPR Success. MedicalResearch.com. info:/

  • August 31, 2015
  • 07:02 AM
  • 42 views

Talking about climate change without  knee-jerk responses from listeners

by Doug Keene in The Jury Room

We recently posted new research on the secret to combatting distrust of science. Now we have more research on how to talk about climate change without setting off automatic and defensive reactions from listeners. Not many of our readers are going to be litigating climate change issues, but the challenge of discussing complex scientific issues […]

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  • August 31, 2015
  • 04:31 AM
  • 56 views

Cats on Treadmills (and the plasticity of biological motion perception)

by The Neurocritic in The Neurocritic

Cats on a treadmill. From Treadmill Kittens.It's been an eventful week. The 10th Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina. The 10th Anniversary of Optogenetics (with commentary from the neuroscience community and from the inventors). The Reproducibility Project's efforts to replicate 100 studies in cognitive and social psychology (published in Science). And the passing of the great writer and neurologist, Oliver Sacks. Oh, and Wes Craven just died too...I'm not blogging about any of these events. Many ........ Read more »

  • August 31, 2015
  • 04:16 AM
  • 49 views

Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation and a mouse model of autism

by Paul Whiteley in Questioning Answers

I once again tread carefully in this brief post talking about stem cells and autism on the back of what seems to be some growing research interest in this area (see here).The paper by Hadar Segal-Gavish and colleagues [1] adds to this increasing interest with their efforts detailing what happened to a mouse model of autism (the BTBR mouse) following "intracerebroventricular MSC [mesenchymal stem cells] transplantation."Looking at what happened when MSC transplantation was used, th........ Read more »

Segal-Gavish H, Karvat G, Barak N, Barzilay R, Ganz J, Edry L, Aharony I, Offen D, & Kimchi T. (2015) Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Promotes Neurogenesis and Ameliorates Autism Related Behaviors in BTBR Mice. Autism research : official journal of the International Society for Autism Research. PMID: 26257137  

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